Understanding home-based early childhood education: results from the 2017 ECE census

Publication Details

This report analyses key aspects of the home-based ECE services in 2017, as well as trends over the previous decade. It summaries results from the June 2017 annual census of ECE services and kōhanga reo (available on Education Counts), as well as some administrative data from the Early Learning Information system.

Author(s): Ministry of Education.

Date Published: February 2019

Key Findings

  • Home-based services have increased significantly over the past decade, from 13,065 children across 241 services in 2008 to 18,440 children across 476 services in 2017. This growth is slowing, however, with 2017 showing only slight growth in the number of home-based services since 2016 and a decline in the number of children attending them.
  • Home-based services now account for 10% of the total number of licensed ECE services in New Zealand.
  • Although European/Pākehā children account for the largest number of children at home-based ECE, a higher proportion of Asian and Pacific children attend home-based ECE compared to other ECE service types.
  • Children attend home-based services for longer each week on average than other ECE service types.
  • Generally younger children are more likely to attend home-based services for longer hours than older children.

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