Research Performance/Funding

Funding of research, research performance and international research performance comparisons.

  • The research specialisations of New Zealand tertiary education organisations

    This report identified the research specialisations of New Zealand tertiary education organisations (TEOs) using two sources of data – the Performance-Based Research Fund (PBRF) Quality Evaluation and bibliometric data from Clarivate. It also analysed whether New Zealand universities were research specialists or generalists.

    Author(s): Warren Smart, Ministry of Education

    Date Published: November 2019

  • Government funding for research-led teaching and research performance: an analysis of PBRF and research top-ups funding allocations

    In this report we present an analysis of Government funding distributed via Vote Tertiary Education to reward and encourage high-quality tertiary education research and research-led teaching. Specifically, we examine the share and size of funding allocated via tuition subsidies for study at degree level and above (called research ‘top-ups’) and the Performance-Based Research Fund (PBRF) and identify any shifts over time. We also look at whether the funding incentives for tertiary education organisations (TEOs) created by the PBRF have changed over time.

    Author(s): Warren Smart, Ministry of Education

    Date Published: September 2019

  • Profile & Trends 2016: New Zealand's Tertiary Education Research [Part 4 of 6]

    This is edition 19 in an annual series on the tertiary education sector. New Zealand's Tertiary Education Research is the fourth of six reports to be published in the Profile and Trends 2016 series.

    The key findings of New Zealand's Tertiary Education Research were:

    • There were 9,580 students enrolled in doctoral degrees in 2016, including 4,470 international students.
    • 1,310 students completed a doctoral degree in 2016, including 650 international students.
    • government funding of research and research-based teaching increased from 2015 to 2016 to $351 million.

    Please Note: On 15 December 2017, Statistics New Zealand published revised data for the Research and Development Survey. We have updated this report with the revised data.

    [19 December 2017]

    Author(s): Tertiary Sector Performance Analysis, Ministry of Education.

    Date Published: December 2017

  • Profile & Trends 2015: New Zealand's Tertiary Education Research [Part 3 of 6]

    This is edition 18 in an annual series on the tertiary education sector. New Zealand’s Tertiary Education Research is the third of six reports to be published in the Profile and Trends 2015 series.

    The key findings of New Zealand’s Tertiary Education Research for 2015 were:

    • There were 9,070 students enrolled in doctoral degrees, including 4,080 international students.
    • 1,350 students completed a doctoral degree, including 660 international students.
    • Government funding of research increased from 2014 to 2015 to $341 million.

    Author(s): Tertiary Sector Performance Analysis, Ministry of Education

    Date Published: September 2016

  • Profile & Trends 2014: New Zealand's Tertiary Education Research [Part 2 of 5]

    This is edition 17 in an annual series on the tertiary education sector. Profile and Trends 2014: New Zealand's Tertiary Education Research is the second of five new annual reports that, together, constitute Ministry of Education's annual publication Profile and Trends: New Zealand's Tertiary Education Sector.

    The key findings of New Zealand's Tertiary Education Research for 2014 were:

    • 8,860 students were enrolled in doctoral degrees, including 3,900 international students.
    • 1,430 students completed a doctoral degree, including 667 international students.
    • Government funding of research via Vote Tertiary Education continued to increase from 2013 to 2014 to reach $308 million.

    Author(s): Tertiary Sector Performance Analysis, Ministry of Education.

    Date Published: September 2015

  • In pursuit of excellence: Analysing the results of New Zealand's PBRF Quality Evaluations

    This report analyses the results of the three Performance-Based Research Fund (PBRF) Quality Evaluations. It also examines the types of research outputs and categories of peer esteem and contribution to the research environment items submitted in evidence portfolios. There is also an analysis of researcher pathways over time. This report forms part of a series called 'Research and knowledge creation'.

    This report compliments a previous Ministry of Education study that examined the impact of the PBRF in a variety of areas ranging from research impact to completion rates of higher research degrees.

    Author(s): Warren Smart and Ralf Engler, Tertiary Sector Performance Analysis, Ministry of Education.

    Date Published: August 2013

  • Analysis of the impact of the PBRF: Interim findings

    This report examines the quantitative evidence on the impact of the Performance-Based Research Fund (PBRF) in a variety of areas ranging from research impact to completion rates of higher research degrees. This report forms part of a series called 'Research and knowledge creation'.

    This report is complemented by an analysis of PBRF 2012 Quality Evaluation results, released August 2013.

    Author(s): Warren Smart, Tertiary Sector Performance Analysis, Ministry of Education.

    Date Published: February 2013

  • CoREs and effect

    This report analyses the performance of the Centres of Research Excellence (CoREs) across five dimensions – the impact of the CoRE’s on the New Zealand economy and society, research quality, research collaboration, the academic impact of research and knowledge transfer. This report forms part of a series called 'Research and knowledge creation'.

    Author(s): Roger Smyth and Warren Smart, Tertiary Sector Performance Analysis, Ministry of Education and Shaun Hendy and Catriona Sissons, MacDiarmid Institute for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology.

    Date Published: February 2013

  • Commercialisation of university research

    This occasional paper uses new data from the University Commercialisation Offices of New Zealand to look at trends in the commercialisation of university research in New Zealand. The paper discusses the importance of research to innovation and hence, to economic growth. If also discusses aspects of the current university research funding system and looks at business investment in research in New Zealand.

    Author(s): Roger Smyth and Warren Smart, Tertiary Sector Performance Analysis, Ministry of Education.

    Date Published: March 2012

  • External research income earned by New Zealand universities

    This fact sheet uses information collected as part of Statistics New Zealand's Research and Development Survey to analyse trends in the source of university external research income (ERI) between 2000 and 2009.

    Author(s): Dr Warren Smart, Tertiary Sector Performance Analysis, Ministry of Education.

    Date Published: September 2011

  • The Impact of the Performance-Based Research Fund on the Research Productivity of New Zealand Universities

    The introduction of the Performance-Based Research Fund (PBRF) has resulted in much greater scrutiny of the research activities of New Zealand universities. This study examines the impact of this greater scrutiny on the research productivity of the universities.

    Author(s): Warren Smart, PhD candidate, Department of Finance, Auckland University of Technology

    Date Published: August 2009

  • Promoting quality research

    This report used data from the Performance-Based Research Fund (PBRF) Quality Evaluations to analyse the factors associated with the likelihood of university academics being promoted between 2003 and 2006.

    Author(s): Warren Smart, Tertiary Sector Performance Analysis & Reporting, Ministry of Education

    Date Published: April 2009

  • Making an impact

    This report analyses the bibliometric performance of New Zealand universities between 1994 and 2007 using data from Thomson Reuters. The report also examines the impact of the Performance-Based Research Fund (PBRF) on the academic impact of research by staff at New Zealand universities, as measured by citations per publication. In addition, the report compares the bibliometric performance of New Zealand universities with Australian universities. This report forms part of a series called 'Research and knowledge creation'.

    Author(s): Warren Smart, Tertiary Sector Performance Analysis & Reporting, Ministry of Education

    Date Published: March 2009

  • Trends in measured research quality: An analysis of PBRF Quality Evaluation results

    This report analyses the results of the 2003 and 2006 Performance-Based Research Fund (PBRF) Quality Evaluations to identify the demographic and employment-related characteristics associated with change in the measured quality of research produced by around 2,000 staff who participated in both Quality Evaluations. This report forms part of a series called 'Research and knowledge creation'.

    Author(s): Warren Smart, Tertiary Sector Performance Analysis & Reporting, Ministry of Education.

    Date Published: July 2008

  • Research par excellence: The factors associated with higher research quality in New Zealand tertiary education organisations

    This report applies statistical modelling to the results of the 2006 Performance-Based Research Fund Quality Evaluation to identify the staff characteristics associated with higher research quality. This report forms part of a series called 'Research and knowledge creation'.

    Author(s): Warren Smart, Tertiary Sector Performance Analysis and Reporting, Ministry of Education.

    Date Published: May 2008

  • Research project on international student exchanges: Sending our students overseas (2008)

    This research reports on the uptake of study abroad opportunities by New Zealand tertiary students. The research was undertaken by Victoria University on contract to the Ministry of Education. The report provides key reasons for low uptake of study abroad by New Zealand students; proposes a number of factors which students and institutions could consider to increase the attractiveness of exchange programmes; and includes downloadable Guidelines for New Zealand tertiary education institutions to help promote and support international student exchange opportunities for New Zealand students.

    Author(s): Stephanie Doyle, Phil Gendall, Carolyn Tait, Luanna Meyer, Janet Hoek, Lynanne McKenzie, & Avatar Loorparg. Jessie Hetherington Centre for Educational Research, Victoria University of Wellington, in collaboration with the Department of Marketing, Massey University.

    Date Published: March 2008

  • How the PBRF has shifted research funding

    This factsheet looks at the extent to which the Performance-Based Research Fund (PBRF) has or has not resulted in shifts of funding between sub-sectors and, within the university sub-sector, between universities. It first considers the extent of funding shifts by comparing the shares of total research funding allocated in 2007. It then analyses the effects of the weightings that apply to different subject areas in the PBRF.

    Author(s): Roger Smyth, Tertiary Sector Performance Analysis and Reporting, Ministry of Education.

    Date Published: February 2008

  • Monitoring research: a synthesis of Ministry of Education analyses of tertiary education research 2004-2008

    This report presents a synthesis of the findings of Ministry of Education research between 2004 and 2008 into the research performance of New Zealand’s tertiary education sector.

    Author(s): Warren Smart & Roger Smyth, Tertiary Sector Performance Analysis and Reporting, Ministry of Education.

    Date Published: February 2008

  • Comparing the academic impact of research by New Zealand and Australian universities 1981-2005

    This report compares the academic impact of the research by New Zealand and Australian universities, as measured by citations per publication, between 1981 and 2005. This report forms part of a series called 'Research and knowledge creation'.

    This report is one of a series that explores a newly available bibliometric database to analyse the research performance of New Zealand universities. This report complements (ex)Citing research: A bibliometric analysis of New Zealand university research 1981-2005 which examined the academic impact of research by New Zealand universities.

    Author(s): Warren Smart, Ministry of Education and Marieke Weusten, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.

    Date Published: December 2007

  • Persistence in doctoral research: analysing the impact of the PBRF on the retention of doctoral students

    This report examines the factors that influence the retention of doctoral students in tertiary study – where retention is defined as a doctoral candidate continuing in study in the next year or completing their doctorate. In doing so, this study analyses what initial impact, if any, the introduction of the Performance-Based Research Fund (PBRF) has had on the retention of doctoral candidates in study.

    Author(s): Warren Smart, Tertiary Sector Performance Analysis and Reporting, Ministry of Education.

    Date Published: December 2007

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