Ngā Haeata Mātauranga: Annual Report on Māori Education 2006/07
This report published annually provides an overview of Māori education, from early childhood to the tertiary sector. It includes initiatives specifically directed to Māori. Statistical analysis and case studies are also included.
Author(s): Group Māori, Ministry of Education
Date Published: December 2007
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This report on Māori education shows some important improvements in Māori education outcomes were made across the education sector in the year ended June, 2007.
For more than a decade, Ngā Haeata Mātauranga – the Annual Report on Māori Education has provided an overview of Māori education from early childhood to the tertiary sector. It reflects on the policies, programmes and initiatives with particular significance for Māori learners in a given year. Statistical analysis is included and several case studies provide readers with tangible examples of Māori education success.
It is the only report in which readers can find such a range of information on Māori education in one source. As such, the report provides the sector with an important resource for tracking the education system's performance for Māori and will be an important touchstone in the future of progress against the goals and targets outlined in the draft Māori Education Strategy, Ka Hikitia – Managing for Success, due to be implemented in 2008.
Highlights from the report, by chapter, include:
Engaging whānau, hapū, iwi and the wider community
The proportion of Māori candidates who put themselves forward for election as Boards of Trustees increased slightly to more than 19 percent of all candidates from 18.8 percent in 2004.
Māori whānau are getting involved in the education system in ways the evidence suggests are worthwhile – as candidates in the 2007 school board elections, participants in innovative education programmes such as Te Kauhua and at home as key supporters of their children's success.
Strengthening Māori language education
More than a quarter of Māori children participating in early childhood education were enrolled in kōhanga reo. The number of Māori children enrolled in Māori language settings (that are not kōhanga reo), where more than 50 percent of teaching and learning took place in te reo Māori, has increased by 81 percent since 2000.
In 2006, Year 11 candidates (students) attending Māori language schools achieved higher National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA) attainment rates than their peers attending English language schools.
Since 2000, there was a 10 percent increase in the number of Māori students enrolled in settings where teaching and learning took place in te reo Māori for more than 81 percent of the time. Over the same period there was a 26 percent increase in the number of enrolments in Māori immersion schools overall.
In 2006, there were 21,331 enrolments in formal tertiary education courses in te reo Māori. While this is down from a peak of 41,283 in 2003, it is nearly double the number of enrolments in such courses in 2001.
Building early learning foundations
Ninety percent of Māori children starting school in 2006 participated in early childhood education, compared to 86 percent in 2002.
Between 2004 and 2006, the proportion of Māori early childhood education teachers who were registered increased from 23 percent to 45 percent.
Ensuring success at school
In 2006, 60 percent of Māori students in Year 11 fulfilled the numeracy and literacy credits for National Certificate in Educational Achievement (NCEA), up from 52 percent in 2005.
Between 2004 and 2006, an increasing number of Māori achieved NCEA levels one, two and three.
The proportion of Year 11 Māori students to gain an NCEA level one or above was 43 percent in 2006, up from 36 percent in 2005 and 33 percent in 2004.
The proportion of Year 12 Māori students to gain an NCEA level two or above was 48 percent in 2006, up from 43 percent in 2005 and 37 percent in 2004.
The percentage of Māori school leavers with a university entrance qualification doubled between 2001 and 2006, from 7.4 percent to 14.8 percent. This compared with a 39 percent increase for all students.
Although Māori students had the highest suspension rates, initiatives such as the Student Engagement Initiative helped to reduce the overall Māori suspension rate by 11 percent since 2001. This compared with a 4.9 percent reduction for all students.
The proportion of Year 13 Māori students to gain an NCEA level three was 32 percent in 2006, up from 28 percent in 2005 and 25 percent in 2004.
Encouraging lifelong learning
Participation by Māori in formal tertiary education remained higher than for other populations, despite a 5.4 percent decline in 2006.
In 2006/07 the percentage of Māori aged 15 years or older in formal tertiary study was 20.3 percent compared to 13.7 for all New Zealanders.
The proportion of Māori student moving directly on to higher-level study the year after completing a level one to three certificate was 25 percent compared to 18 percent for all students.
Wānanga and other universities had the highest qualification completion rate between 2002 and 2006, with 47 percent of all students completing qualifications over this period. The completion rate for all Māori was 47 percent compared to 44 percent for all students.
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