Pacific Language in Education

This report provides a snapshot of Pacific language in education in New Zealand Schools as at 1 July. It describes two levels of Pacific language learning: Pacific-medium education and Pacific Language as a separate subject.

Summary

This report provides a snapshot of Pacific language in education in New Zealand Schools as at 1 July. It describes two levels of Pacific language learning- Pacific medium education and Pacific Language as a separate subject.

Pacific medium education is where a Pacific language is the medium of instruction for more than 3 hours a week (12% of typical classroom time). Pacific medium education is measured at four levels: Level 1: 81-100% of the time, Level 2: 51-80% of the time, Level 3: 31-50% of the time, and Level 4: 12-30% of the time.

Pacific language as a separate subject is where students are learning a Pacific language as a separate subject at the Primary level (Years 1-8) for a minimum of 15 hours a year or at secondary level (Years 9-15) for a minimum of 20 hours a year.

Number of Schools offering Pacific Language in Education

A total of 43 schools offered Pacific medium education in 2017: 30 primary schools, 12 secondary schools and 1 composite school. Thirty-two out of the 43 schools offering Pacific medium education (74 percent) were located in the Auckland region. Samoan was the most common Pacific language for instruction with 36 out of the 43 schools delivering curriculum in Samoan. Eight schools offered the curriculum in two or more Pacific languages.

In 2017 a further 62 schools had students enrolled in a Pacific language as a separate subject; 23 primary schools, 37 secondary schools, and 2 composite schools. Twenty-four out of the 62 schools (39%) were located in the Auckland region, and 18 schools (29%) were in the Wellington region. Samoan was the most common Pacific language offered as a separate subject with 51 out of the 62 schools teaching Samoan as a separate subject. Seventeen out of the 62 schools offered two or more different Pacific Languages.

Table 1: Number of schools offering a Pacific Language by Immersion Level and Language as at July 2017
Notes:
  1. Where a school offers multiple levels in a particular Pacific language, it is only counted at its highest level.
  2. Where a school offers more than one language it has been counted once in each language but only once in total.
  3. Level 5: As a separate subject  for Years 1-8 is for a minimum of 15 hours a year, and Years 9 and above for a minimum of 20 hours a year.

Highest Level of Learning1

Samoan

Tongan
Cook
Island

Māori

Niuean

Other

Total1
Level 1: 81-100% 15 1 0 0 1 16
Level 2: 51-80% 7 3 0 1 0 7
Level 3: 31-50% 4 1 0 0 0 5
Level 4: 12-30% 10 4 2 1 2 15
Level 5: As a separate subject 51 18 8 3 7 62
Pacific Language in Education 87 27 10 5 10 105

Number of Students

There were 3,277 students enrolled in Pacific medium education in 2017 and a further 6,441 students studied a Pacific language as a separate subject. This is an increase of 188 students (6.1%) in Pacific medium education, and an increase of 314 students (5.1%) in Pacific language as a separate subject since July 2016.

Table 2: Number of students involved in Pacific language in education by immersion level (2013-2017)

Immersion Level 

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017
Change 2016-17
Number Percentage
Level 1: 81-100% 464 477 732 513 546 33 6.4%
Level 2: 51-80% 778 785 866 896 1,048 152 17.0%
Level 3: 31-50% 581 590 503 501 400 -101 -20.2%
Level 4: 12-30% 1,215 1,170 1,177 1,179 1,283 104 8.8%
Level 5: As a separate subject 5,548 7,360 5,032 6,127 6,441 314 5.1%
Pacific Language in Education 8,58610,3828,3109,216 9,7185025.4%

Build Your Own Table: Interactive Pivot Table for Pacific Language in Education

These spreadsheets allow you to create your tables by any combination of variables.  Both spreadsheets have the option of displaying variables by school type variables (such as decile or affiliation), and regional type variables.

Please note: use of these spreadsheets require MS Excel version 2007 or later.

Interactive Pivot Table Downloads: File Type & Size

One-on-One Dimensional Tables: Number of Students and Number of Schools

The chart below provides a number of one-on-one dimensional tables relating to student and number of schools.

Number of Students and Number of Schools One-on-One Dimentional Table Downloads: File Type & Size

School Data Dimension Notes

Year:

Data is presented as at 1 July of each year 2000 through to 2017.

Language:

Language: Pacific language available - Students who take multiple languages are counted in each language group. "Other Pacific" includes Fijian, Other Pacific languages not mentioned, and Pacific Language Studies.

Level of Learning:

Level of Learning describes students being taught at different levels of Pacific instruction. Each level is defined by the proportion of time the student is taught using a Pacific Language.

  • Level 1: 81-100%: Pacific language is the medium of instruction for 81-100% of the time (20+ hours per week)
  • Level 2: 51-80%:   Pacific language is the medium of instruction for 51-80% of the time (12.5 - 20 hours per week)
  • Level 3: 31-50%:  Pacific language is the medium of instruction for 31-50% of the time (7.5 - 12.5 hours per week)
  • Level 4: 12-30%:   Pacific language is the medium of instruction for 12-30% of the time (3 - 7.5 hours per week)
  • Level 5: As a separate subject - is where students are learning a Pacific language as a separate subject, at the Primary level (Years 1-8) for a minimum of 15 hours a year or at secondary level (Years 9-15) for a minimum of 20 hours a year.
Year Level:

The number of years of schooling a student has received, also known as funding year level. The funding year level for most students is based on the date they first started school. It is independent of the way schools are organised and independent of the particular programme of study that a student may undertake.

School ID:

The individual Identification code a school is given by the ministry of education.

School Name:

The name of the school as at 1 July 2017.

School Type:

The type of the school, for example Full Primary (Year 1-8), as at 1 July of that year. Typically based on what year levels the school offers, but also includes further information e.g. Correspondence school, Special school, Teen Parent Unit etc. See "School: Sector" for a broader grouping, and "Student: Year level group" for a student based sector grouping.

School Sector:

Schools are grouped (by school type) into four sectors of schooling education, Primary, Secondary, Composite and Special. See "School: Type" for a more detailed grouping, and "Student: Year level group" for a student based sector grouping.

School Authority:

The ownership of the school for example State, State-Integrated and Private as at 1 July of that year.

School Decile:

The decile assigned to the school as at 1 July of that year. Schools are assigned a socio-economic score based on five census derived socio-economic factors. The 10 percent of schools with the lowest scores are considered decile 1 schools; the next 10 percent of schools are considered decile 2 schools, etc. Decile 1 schools draw the greatest proportion of their students from low socioeconomic areas.

School Gender:

The gender of the students that a school caters for, for example, co-educational, boys school. A small number of single sex schools can have some students of the opposite sex on their roll. These students can only access the education they need at these 'opposite sex' schools i.e. adults or special needs students.

Affiliation Type:

Whether a school has a religious or organisational affiliation, as at 1 July of that year. Only schools that requested an affiliation are included in that affiliation group, this dimension is most commonly represented for state integrated schools. See "School: Affiliation" for a more detailed grouping.

School Affiliation:

The religious or organisational affiliation of schools, for example, Roman Catholic, Montessori, as at 1 July of that year. Only schools that requested an affiliation are included in that affiliation group, this dimension is most commonly represented for state integrated schools. See "School: Affiliation Type" for a broader grouping.

School Definition:

Additional descriptive information about the school. For example, Kura Kaupapa Māori, school for pupils with physical disabilities, etc. as at 1 July of that year.

Kura Type:

Māori immersion schools can be set up either through Section 155 (s155) or Section 156 (s156) of the Education Act 1990.

Education Region:

The education region where the school is located. These ten administrative regions are created by the Ministry of Education and are aligned with the Ministry's ten local offices.

Regional Council:

The Regional Council area where the school is located. Regional council boundaries are defined by Statistics New Zealand.

Territorial Authority:

The Territorial Authority area where the school is located. Territorial authority boundaries are defined by Statistics New Zealand. Auckland super city has been subdivided into local board. For more information on Auckland city local boards see: Auckland Council website.

MOE Local Office:

The Ministry of Education local office district where the school is located.

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