Pacific Language in Education

This report provides a snapshot of Pacific language in education in New Zealand Schools as at 1 July. It describes two levels of Pacific language learning: Pacific-medium education and Pacific Language as a separate subject.

Last Updated: December 2018

Summary

This report provides a snapshot of Pacific language in education in New Zealand Schools as at 1 July. It describes two levels of Pacific language learning- Pacific medium education and Pacific Language as a separate subject.

Pacific medium education is where a Pacific language is the medium of instruction for more than 3 hours a week (12% of typical classroom time). Pacific medium education is measured at four levels: Level 1: 81-100% of the time, Level 2: 51-80% of the time, Level 3: 31-50% of the time, and Level 4: 12-30% of the time.

Pacific language as a separate subject is where students are learning a Pacific language as a separate subject at the Primary level (Years 1-8) for a minimum of 15 hours a year or at secondary level (Years 9-15) for a minimum of 20 hours a year.

Number of Schools offering Pacific Language in Education

A total of 45 schools offered Pacific medium education in 2018: 34 primary schools, 10 secondary schools and one Composite school. Thirty-three out of the 45 schools offering Pacific medium education (73 percent) were located in the Auckland region. Samoan was the most common Pacific language for instruction with 38 out of the 45 schools delivering curriculum in Samoan.

In 2018 a further 53 schools had students enrolled in a Pacific language as a separate subject; 15 primary schools and 38 secondary schools. Twenty-six out of the 53 schools (49%) were located in the Auckland region, and 11 schools (20%) were in the Wellington region. Samoan was the most common Pacific language offered as a separate subject with 46 out of the 53 schools teaching a Samoan as a separate subject.

Table 1: Number of Schools offering a Pacific Language by Immersion Level and Language as at 1 July 2018
Notes:
  1. Where a school offers multiple levels in a particular Pacific language, it is only counted at its highest level.
  2. Where a school offers more than one language it has been counted once in each language but only once in total.
  3. Level 5: As a separate subject' for Years 1-8 is for a minimum of 15 hours a year, and Years 9 and above for a minimum of 20 hours a year.

Highest Level of Learning1

Samoan

Tongan

Cook Is. Māori

Niuean

Tokelauan

Other

Total1

Level 1: 81-100%

16

2

0

0

0

0

17

Level 2: 51-80%

8

3

0

0

0

0

8

Level 3: 31-50%

6

1

0

0

0

0

7

Level 4: 12-30%

8

3

3

0

1

1

13

Level 5: As a separate subject

46

16

3

2

0

5

53

Pacific Language in Education

84

25

6

2

1

6

98

Number of Students

There were 2,715 students enrolled in Pacific medium education in 2018 and a further 5,321 students studied a Pacific language as a separate subject. This is a decrease of 562 students in Pacific medium education, and a decrease of 1,120 students in Pacific language as a separate subject since July 2017.

Table 2: Number of students involved in Pacific language in education by immersion level (2014-2018)

Immersion Level

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

Change 2017-18

Number

Percentage

Level 1: 81-100%

477

732

513

546

587

41

7.5

Level 2: 51-80%

785

866

896

1,048

993

-55

-5.2

Level 3: 31-50%

590

503

501

400

331

-69

-17.3

Level 4: 12-30%

1,170

1,177

1,179

1,283

804

-479

-37.3

Level 5: As a separate subject

7,360

5,032

6,127

6,441

5,321

-1,120

-17.4

Pacific Language in Education

10,382

8,310

9,216

9,718

8,036

-1,682

-17.3

Build Your Own Table: Interactive Pivot Table for Student Numbers

These spreadsheets allow you to create your tables by any combination of variables.  Both spreadsheets have the option of displaying variables by school type variables (such as decile or affiliation), and regional type variables.

Please note: use of these spreadsheets require MS Excel version 2007 or later.

Interactive Pivot Table Downloads: File Type & Size

One-on-One Dimensional Tables: Number of Students and Number of Schools

The chart below provides a number of one-on-one dimensional tables relating to student and number of schools.

Pacific – language learning – Number of Schools by Level of Learning & Language 2000-2018 File Type & Size
Pacific – language learning – Number of Schools by Level of Learning & Regional Council 2000-2018 File Type & Size
Pacific – language learning – Number of Students by School, Level of Learning & Language 2000-2018 File Type & Size
Pacific – language learning – Number of Students by Level of Learning & Language 2000-2018 File Type & Size
Pacific – language learning – Number of Students by Level of Learning, Language & Year of Schooling 2000-2018 File Type & Size
Pacific – language learning – Number of Students by Level of Learning & Regional Council 2000-2018 File Type & Size
Pacific – language learning – Pacific Time Series Tables File Type & Size

School Data Dimension Notes

Year:

Data is presented as at 1 July of each year 2000 through to 2018.

Language:

Language: Pacific language available- Students who take multiple languages are counted in each language group. "Other Pacific" includes Fijian, Other Pacific languages not mentioned, and Pacific Language Studies.

Level of Learning:

Level of Learning describes students being taught at different levels of Pacific instruction. Each level is defined by the proportion of time the student is taught using a Pacific Language.

  • Level 1: 81-100%: Pacific language is the medium of instruction for 81-100% of the time (20+ hours per week)
  • Level 2: 51-80%: Pacific language is the medium of instruction for 51-80% of the time (12.5 - 20 hours per week)
  • Level 3: 31-50%: Pacific language is the medium of instruction for 31-50% of the time (7.5 - 12.5 hours per week)
  • Level 4: 12-30%: Pacific language is the medium of instruction for 12-30% of the time (3 - 7.5 hours per week)
  • Level 5: As a separate subject - is where students are learning a Pacific language as a separate subject, at the Primary level (Years 1-8) for a minimum of 15 hours a year or at secondary level (Years 9-15) for a minimum of 20 hours a year.
Year Level:

The number of years of schooling a student has received, also known as funding year level. The funding year level for most students is based on the date they first started school. It is independent of the way schools are organised and independent of the particular programme of study that a student may undertake.

School ID:

The individual Identification code a school is given by the ministry of education.

School Name:

The name of the school as at 1 July 2018.

School Type:

The type of the school, for example Full Primary (Year 1-8), as at 1 July of that year. Typically based on what year levels the school offers, but also includes further information e.g. Correspondence school, Special school, Teen Parent Unit etc.  See "School: Sector" for a broader grouping, and "Student: Year level group" for a student based sector grouping.

School Sector:

Schools are grouped (by school type) into four sectors of schooling education, Primary, Secondary, Composite and Special. See "School: Type" for a more detailed grouping, and "Student: Year level group" for a student based sector grouping.

School Authority:

The ownership of the school for example State, State-Integrated and Private as at 1 July of that year.

School Decile:

The decile assigned to the school as at 1 July of that year. Schools are assigned a socio-economic score based on five census derived socio-economic factors. The 10 percent of schools with the lowest scores are considered decile 1 schools; the next 10 percent of schools are considered decile 2 schools, etc. Decile 1 schools draw the greatest proportion of their students from low socioeconomic areas.

School Gender:

The gender of the students that a school caters for, for example, co-educational, boys school. A small number of single sex schools can have some students of the opposite sex on their roll. These students can only access the education they need at these ‘opposite sex’ schools i.e. adults or special needs students.

Affiliation Type:

Whether a school has a religious or organisational affiliation, as at 1 July of that year. Only schools that requested an affiliation are included in that affiliation group, this dimension is most commonly represented for state integrated schools. See "School: Affiliation" for a more detailed grouping.

School Affiliation:

The religious or organisational affiliation of schools, for example, Roman Catholic, Montessori, as at 1 July of that year. Only schools that requested an affiliation are included in that affiliation group, this dimension is most commonly represented for state integrated schools. See "School: Affiliation Type" for a broader grouping.

School Definition:

Additional descriptive information about the school. For example, Kura Kaupapa Māori, school for pupils with physical disabilities, etc. as at 1 July of that year.

Kura Type:

Māori immersion schools can be set up either through Section 155 (s155) or Section 156 (s156) of the Education Act 1990.

Education Region:

The education region where the school is located. These ten administrative regions are created by the Ministry of Education and are aligned with the Ministry’s ten local offices.

Regional Council:

The Regional Council area where the school is located. Regional council boundaries are defined by Statistics New Zealand.

Territorial Authority:

The Territorial Authority area where the school is located. Territorial authority boundaries are defined by Statistics New Zealand. Auckland super city has been subdivided into local board. For more information on Auckland city local boards see: Auckland Council website.

MOE Local Office:

The Ministry of Education local office district where the school is located.

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