Pasifika Education Plan: Monitoring Report 2008

Publication Details

The Plan provides a strategic direction for improving education outcomes for Pasifika peoples in Aotearoa/New Zealand.

This baseline monitoring report provides a national and regional picture of where Pasifika learners are before the Plan is implemented, and what level of progress we need to achieve the Plan’s goals and targets for 2012. Actions to improve outcomes in these identified areas are included in the Plan. The success of these actions will be assessed in the 2009 and subsequent monitoring reports.

Author(s): Ministry of Education

Date Published: December 2009


Recent movements: 2007 to 2008

Since 2007, Pasifika learners have shown marked improvement in many areas of education compared to nationwide general trends. Figure A shows a broad picture of where we are now in terms of the indicators, improvements since 2007 and what improvement is required to reach the specific targets for the future.

Each spoke represents an indicator from this report. The target for each measure has been adjusted to equal 1.00 (the black outer line). The blue line represents the baseline position of the indicator. A value of less than 1.00 means that the target has yet to be reached, while a value greater than one means the target has been achieved.

The distance between the light blue line (2007 data) and the dark blue line shows how much change has occurred between 2007 and 2008. Where the dark blue line is closer to the outer edge, an improvement has been made. The distance between the dark blue line and the black line shows how much change is required to reach the target. These distances are proportionately identical for each indicator.

For nearly all the early childhood education and schooling indicators a clear improvement can be seen. Tertiary indicators show minimal change. The 'distance' still required to reach the target does not show the ease or likelihood of achieving the target. For some indicators, for instance many tertiary indicators, a small improvement will be very difficult, while for other indicators a larger improvement will be relatively easy. The lack of improvement or deterioration between 2007 and 2008 indicates where change may be more difficult.

Figure 1: Proportion of target (2007 and 2008)

Figure A: Proportion of target (2007 and 2008)

Baseline position: 2008

The following section provides a high level summary of the indicators, baseline position in 2008, the year before the Plan comes into effect. Most commonly this is 2008 data. A brief likelihood of the target being met is also provided.

Early childhood education
  • Participation has continued to improve. In 2008 there were 9,103 Pasifika children aged 2 to 4 years enrolled in licensed early childhood services. It is forecast that the target of 11,103 enrolments will be met in 2012.
  • In 2008, the number of Pasifika children in early intervention services was 739. From recent trends it is forecast that the target of an increase of 10 percent in the number of these services (to 813) will be achieved in 2012.
  • The average age of a first referral to early intervention services in 2008 for a Pasifika child was 3 years 4 months. Given this average has been consistent for the past five years, intervention of some sort will be needed to achieve the target of the average first referral time occurring three months earlier in the child's life.
  • The number of registered Pasifika early childhood education teachers in 2008 was 808. With the continuous increasing trend in registered teachers, it is forecast that the target of 1,208 registered Pasifika teachers in 2012 will be met.
  • From the end of 2007, 50 percent of regulated teachers in teacher-led early childhood education services were required to hold a recognised early childhood education teaching qualification. Of the 139 Pasifika character services, 105 were meeting this requirement.
Compulsory education
  • 84 percent of all 2008 Pasifika school leavers achieved the NCEA Level 1 literacy and numeracy requirements. The forecast position for 2012 is that the target of 93 percent will be met.
  • 63 percent of all 2008 Pasifika school leavers achieved NCEA Level 2 or above. The forecast position for 2012 is that the target of 75 percent will be met.
  • 23 percent of all 2008 Pasifika school leavers achieved a university entrance standard. The forecast position for 2012 is that the target of 30 percent will be met.
  • There were 1,267 Pasifika teachers in 2008, an 80 percent increase from 2000. It is forecast that the target of 1,520 registered Pasifika teachers in 2012 will be met.
  • 86 percent of schools are not comprehensively responding to the needs of Pasifika students.
  • Age-standardised suspension rates for Pasifika students decreased sharply by 17 percent between 2007 and 2008 after prior years of steady increase. The forecast is that the target for a Pasifika age-standardised suspension rate of 5.0 per 1,000 students by 2012 will be met.
  • Age-standardised expulsion rates for Pasifika students in 2008 have shown large fluctuations since 2000, and increased since 2007 by 29 percent to 5 per 1,000 students. It is unlikely that the forecast target of 1 per 1,000 Pasifika student expulsions will be achieved without some intervention.
  • In 2008, 29 percent of schools in which Pasifika representation on the schools board of trustees would be expected, had such representation. It is unlikely that the forecast target of 100 percent of these schools having such representation will be met without suitable intervention.
Tertiary education
  • Pasifika students aged 18 to 24 years who first enrolled in 2007 had a first-year retention rate of 70 percent (which is a decrease of one percentage point from students who first enrolled in 2006). The target for 2012 is 75 percent. Based on the recent trends for Pasifika students, it is forecast that the retention rate will rise to 71 percent in 2012.
  • In 2008, the number of Pasifika people aged 18 to 24 years in level 4 qualifications and above was 21 percent. It is forecast that this participation rate for Pasifika students will reach 25 percent in 2012, short of the target of 27 percent.
  • Of the Pasifika students aged 18 to 24 years who began a qualification at level four or above in 2004, 37 percent completed this qualification in 2008. It is estimated that the Pasifika five-year completion rate will have increased to 39 percent in 2012 for those who started study in 2008. The corresponding target is 43 percent.
  • In 2008, the participation rate in postgraduate study by Pasifika students was 0.6 percent. The target participation rate for Pasifika students in postgraduate study is one percent. By 2012 the rate is forecast to be 0.7 percent.
Whole of sector
  • The Ministry is the lead Government agency for the Plan and through strengthening relationships with other agencies, the resulting collaboration will be critical to the success of the Plan and Pasifika in education.
  • Ministry staff continue to develop their understanding of Pasifika which will ensure that the goals in the Plan are fully realised.

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