Statistics

Māori Language in Education

Summary

This report provides a snapshot of Māori Language Learning as at 1 July. It reports on 3 levels of Māori language in Education: Māori medium, Māori Language in English medium, and Students not involved in Māori language in education.


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Māori Medium

Māori medium includes students who are taught the curriculum in Māori language for at least 51 percent of the time (Māori Language Immersion levels 1-2).

As at 1 July 2013, 2.3% of the population eligible for Māori language programme (MLP) funding were involved in Māori medium compared to 2.2% in 2012. This was an increase of 551 students since July 2012. Of the 17,343 students involved in Māori medium, 97% identified as Māori and 53% attended a school where all students were enrolled in Māori medium.

As at 1 July 2013, there were 283 schools with students enrolled in Māori medium, an increase of seven schools since 1 July 2012. Of these 283 schools, 111 had all students in Māori medium, 131 also offered Māori language in English medium, and 83 schools had at least one student not enrolled in Māori language in education.

Table 1: Number of students in Māori medium by Māori language immersion level (2008-2013)
Māori Language Immersion Level
200820092010201120122013
Change 2012-13
Level 1: 81-100%11,77211,63411,73811,81811,81612,028212
Level 2: 51-80%5,1575,161
4,5874,7294,976 5,315 
339
Māori Medium Total16,92916,79516,32516,54716,79217,343
551

Māori Language in English Medium    

Māori language in English medium involves students who are learning Te Reo Māori as a language subject, or taught the curriculum in the Māori language for up to 50 percent of the time (Māori Language Immersion levels 3-5). 

As at 1 July 2013, of the population eligible for Māori language programme (MLP) funding, 18.8% were involved in Māori language in English, no change from 2012. The total number of students involved in Māori language in English medium increased minimally by 0.1% (111 students). Of the total 141,054 students enrolled, 37% identified as Māori and 55.9% attended a school where all students were enrolled in Māori language in English medium.

As at 1 July 2013, 1,030 schools offered Māori language in English medium: a decrease of 4 schools since 1 July 2012. Of the 1,030 schools, 402 had all students enrolled in Māori language in English medium, 131 also offered Māori medium education, and 539 had at least one student not enrolled in Māori language in education.


Table 2: Number of students in Māori language in English medium by Māori language immersion level (2008-2013)
Māori Language Immersion Level200820092010201120122013
Change
2012-13
Level 3: 31-50%4,7954,6494,9044,8074,9364,843-93
Level 4a: 12-30%7,0076,7276,303
5,640
5,357
5,718361
Level 4b: At least 3 hours19,15121,12820,010 20,13121,24521,141-104
Level 5: Less than 3 hours101,511102,014101,514103,777109,405109,352-53
Māori Language in English Medium Total132,464134,518132,731134,355140,943141,054111

No Māori Language in Education

As at 1 July 2013, 78.8% of all eligible for Māori language programme (MLP) funding were not enrolled in Māori language in education (Māori Immersion levels 1-5). Of the 590,141 students not enrolled in Māori language in education, 58% (342,284 students) were recorded as learning Taha Māori: Simple words, greetings or songs in Māori.

As at 1 July 2013, 1,895 schools had at least 1 student not enrolled in Māori language in education, an increase of 2 schools since July 2012. Of these schools, 83 offered the option of Māori medium, 539 offered Māori language in English medium, and 70% (1,357 schools) had no students involved in Māori language in education at any level.

Table 3: Number of students not enrolled in Māori language in education by Māori language immersion level (2008-2013)
Immersion Level200820092010201120122013
Change
2012-13
Level 6: Taha Māori311,710344,154343,690343,413340,324
342,2841,960
No Māori Language Immersion295,520263,958
260,553
256,999
251,495247,857-3,638
No Māori Language in Education Total607,230608,112
604,243600,412591,819590,141-1,678

Students not eligible for Māori Language Programme Funding

Alternative Education Students, International fee paying students from 2010 onwards, and Secondary tertiary programme students from 2013 onwards are not eligible for Māori Language Programme (MLP) Funding.  Students ineligible for MLP funding may study at any level of Māori language learning, however, as the school does not receive Māori Language Programme funding for these students, their information is not collected as part of the Māori language in Education data collection.


Table 4: Number of Students not eligible for MLP Funding by Student Type (2008-2013)
Student Type20082009
2010201120122013
Alternative Education Students 1,4711,4341,438
1,5001,4701,356
International Fee Paying Students

9,6619,8688,9369,291
Secondary Tertiary Programme Students




3,215
Students not eligible for MLP Funding1,4711,43411,09911,36810,40613,862


Build Your Own Table: Pivot Table for Māori Language in Education

These spreadsheets provide the underlying data for Māori-language in Education and allow you to create your tables by any combination of variables.  Both spreadsheets have the option of school type variables (such as decile or affiliation), and regional type variables.

Please note: use of these spreadsheets requires MS Excel version 2007 or later.

Downloads File Type & Size
Microsoft Excel Icon  Māori Language in Education: Student Numbers 2000-2013
[MS Excel 4.2MB]
Microsoft Excel Icon  Māori Language in Education: Number of Schools 2000-2013
[MS Excel 1.2MB]

One-on-One Dimensional Tables: Student Numbers

The chart below provides a number of one-on-one dimensional tables relating to student numbers.

DownloadsFile Type & Size
Microsoft Excel Icon Māori Language in Education Time Series 2000-2013
[MS Excel 102KB]
Microsoft Excel Icon Student numbers by Ethnicity, Immersion Level & Year Level 2000-2013
[MS Excel 82KB]
Microsoft Excel Icon Student numbers by Ethnicity, Immersion Level & Māori Language Descriptor 2000-2013[MS Excel 83KB]
Microsoft Excel Icon Student numbers by Ethnicity, Immersion Level & Kura Type 2000-2013[MS Excel 67KB]
Microsoft Excel Icon Student numbers by Ethnicity, Immersion Level & School Type 2000-2013[MS Excel 81KB]
Microsoft Excel Icon Student numbers by Ethnicity, Immersion Level & Region 2000-2013[MS Excel 94KB]
Microsoft Excel Icon Student numbers by Ethnicity, Immersion Level & Territorial Authority 2000-2013[MS Excel 295KB]

One-on-One Dimensional Tables: Number of Schools

The chart below provides a number of one-on-one dimensional tables relating to number of schools.

DownloadsFile Type & Size
Microsoft Excel Icon No of schools by Highest Level of Immersion & Māori Language Descriptor 2000-2013
[MS Excel 58KB]
Microsoft Excel Icon No of schools by Highest Level of Immersion & Kura Type 2000-2013
[MS Excel 49KB]
Microsoft Excel Icon No of Schools by Highest Level of Immersion & School Type 2000-2013
[MS Excel 62KB]
Microsoft Excel Icon No of schools by Highest Level of Immersion & Region 2000-2013
[MS Excel 74KB]
Microsoft Excel Icon No of schools by Highest Level of Immersion & Territorial Authority 2000-2013
[MS Excel 223KB]
Microsoft Excel Icon No of schools by Māori Language Descriptor & School Type 2000-2013
[MS Excel 61KB]
Microsoft Excel Icon No of schools by Māori Language Descriptor & Region 2000-2013
[MS Excel 71KB]
Microsoft Excel Icon No of schools by Māori Language Descriptor & Territorial Authority 2000-2013 [MS Excel 209KB]
Microsoft Excel Icon No of schools by Māori Language Descriptor & Kura Type 2000-2013 [MS Excel 46KB]
Microsoft Excel Icon No of schools by Kura Type & School Type 2000-2013[MS Excel 53KB]
Microsoft Excel Icon No of schools by Kura Type & Regional Council 2000-2013[MS Excel 59KB]
Microsoft Excel Icon No of schools by Kura Type & Territorial Authority 2000-2013[MS Excel 152KB]

 

School Data Dimension Notes

DimensionDescription
YearData is presented as at 1 July of each year 2000 through to 2013.
Level of Immersion
Māori Language Learning describes students being taught at different levels of Māori instruction. Each level is defined by the proportion of time the student is taught using Te Reo Māori.
  • Level 1: 81-100%: Curriculum is taught in Māori for between 20 and up to 25 hours a week                                   
  • Level 2: 51-80%: Curriculum is taught in Māori for between 12.5 and up to 20 hours a week                                   
  • Level 3: 31-50%: Curriculum is taught in Māori for between 7.5 and up to 12.5 hours a week                                   
  • Level 4(a): 12-30%: Curriculum is taught in Māori for between 3 and up to 7.5 hours a week                                   
  • Level 4(b): At least 3 hours: Students are learning Te Reo Māori as a separate subject for at least 3 hours a week
  • Level 5: Less than 3 hours: Students are learning Te Reo Māori as a separate subject for less than 3 hours a week
  • Level 6: Taha Māori: Students learn Māori songs, greetings, and simple words
  • No Māori Language Education: Students in school roll not recorded at any level of Māori language learning
  • Not Applicable: Māori language in Education information not collected for these students.
Māori Language in Education
Māori Language Immersion Levels can be grouped into 3 different Māori Language in  Education categories.
  • Māori Medium: Students are taught all or some curriculum subjects in the Māori language for at least 51 percent of the time (Māori Language Immersion Levels 1-2)
  • Māori language in English medium: is where students are learning Te Reo Māori as a language subject, or taught curriculum subjects in the Māori language for up to 50 percent of the time (Māori Language Immersion levels 3-5)       
  • No Māori Language in Education: Students are either involved in Māori Language Immersion Level 6- Taha Māori (Simple words, greetings or songs in Māori) or not recorded as receiving Māori Language immersion at any level
  • Not Applicable: Māori language in Education information not collected for these students. Includes Alternative Education Students, International fee paying students from 2010 onwards, and Secondary tertiary programme students from 2013 onwards. Students may study at any level of Māori language learning but the school does not receive Māori Language Programme funding for these students.   
Māori Language Descriptor
A description of what levels of Māori Language in Education are available at the School    
  • Māori medium school: All students are involved in Māori Medium
  • School with some students in Māori medium: Some students do Māori medium and the rest do no Māori language in education
  • Mixed Māori Language in Education School: All students are either involved in Māori medium or Māori language in English medium
  • School with some students in mixed Māori language in education: Some students do Maori medium, some do Māori language in English medium, and some do no Māori language in education.
  • Māori language in English medium school: All students are involved in Māori language in English medium.    
  • School with some students in Māori language in English medium: Some students do Māori language in English medium, and the rest do no Māori language in education
  • No Māori Language in Education School: No students do Māori medium education or Māori language in English medium.    
  • Not Applicable: Health camp schools i.e. Information not collected for these schools.
Year levelThe number of years of schooling a student has received, also known as funding year level. The funding year level for most students is based on the date they first started school. It is independent of the way schools are organised and independent of the particular programme of study that a student may undertake.
School IDThe individual Identification code a school is given by the ministry of education.
School NameThe name of the school as at 1 July 2013.
School TypeThe type of the school, for example Full Primary (Year 1-8), as at 1 July of that year. Typically based on what year levels the school offers, but also includes further information e.g. Correspondence school, Special school, Teen Parent Unit etc.  See "School: Sector" for a broader grouping, and "Student: Year level group" for a student based sector grouping.
School SectorSchools are grouped (by school type) into four sectors of schooling education, Primary, Secondary, Composite and Special. See "School: Type" for a more detailed grouping, and "Student: Year level group" for a student based sector grouping. 
School
Authority
The ownership of the school for example State, State-Integrated and Private as at 1 July of that year.
School DecileThe decile assigned to the school as at 1 July of that year. Schools are assigned a socio-economic score based on five census derived socio-economic factors. The 10 percent of schools with the lowest scores are considered decile 1 schools; the next 10 percent of schools are considered decile 2 schools, etc. Decile 1 schools draw the greatest proportion of their students from low socioeconomic areas.
School Gender
The gender of the students that a school caters for, for example, co-educational, boys school. A small number of single sex schools can have some students of the opposite sex on their roll. These students can only access the education they need at these ‘opposite sex’ schools i.e. adults or special needs students.
Affiliation Type
Whether a school has a religious or organisational affiliation, as at 1 July of that year. Only schools that requested an affiliation are included in that affiliation group, this dimension is most commonly represented for state integrated schools. See "School: Affiliation" for a more detailed grouping.
School Affiliation
The religious or organisational affiliation of schools, for example, Roman Catholic, Montessori, as at 1 July of that year. Only schools that requested an affiliation are included in that affiliation group, this dimension is most commonly represented for state integrated schools. See "School: Affiliation Type" for a broader grouping.
School Definition
Additional descriptive information about the school. For example, Kura Kaupapa Māori, school for pupils with physical disabilities, etc. as at 1 July of that year.
Kura Type
Māori immersion schools can be set up either through Section 155 (s155) or Section 156 (s156) of the Education Act 1990.   
  • S156 allows for state schools with a special character that sets them apart from ordinary state schools.       
  • S155 of the Act allows for state schools that use Te Reo Māori as the main language for teaching and operate in accordance with the principles of Te Aho Matua
  • A Kura Teina is an initiative by a community which wants to become a Kura Kaupapa Māori (Kura s155). During the establishment phase the Kura Teina was "attached" to, and mentored by, an established high performing Kura Kaupapa Māori. No longer exists from 2011 onwards.
Education Region
The education region where the school is located. These four administrative regions are created by the Ministry of Education and are aligned with the Ministry’s four regional offices.
Regional Council
The Regional Council area where the school is located. Regional council boundaries are defined by Statistics New Zealand.
Territorial AuthorityThe Territorial Authority area where the school is located. Territorial authority boundaries are defined by Statistics New Zealand. Auckland super city has been subdivided into local board. For more information Auckland city local boards see: Auckland Council website.
MOE local Office
The Ministry of Education local office district where the school is located.

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