Māori Language in Education

This report provides a snapshot of Māori Language Learning as at 1 July. It reports on 3 levels of Māori language in Education: Māori medium, Māori Language in English medium, and Students not involved in Māori language in education.

Māori Medium

Māori medium includes students who are taught the curriculum in Māori language for at least 51 percent of the time (Māori Language Immersion levels 1-2).

As at 1 July 2014 there were 17,713 students enrolled in Māori medium education, representing 2.3% of the total school population. This unchanged since the previous year. Of the 17,713 students were involved in Māori medium, 97% identified as Māori and 56% attended a school where all students were enrolled in Māori medium.

As at 1 July 2014, there were 282 schools with students enrolled in Māori medium, a decrease of one schools since 1 July 2013. Of these 282 schools, 114 had all eligible students in Māori medium, 129 also offered Māori language in English medium, and 83 schools had at least one student not enrolled in Māori language in education.

Table 1: Number of students in Māori medium by Māori language immersion level (2009-2014)
Māori Language Immersion Level 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Change
2013-2014
Level 1: 81-100% 11,634 11,738 11,818 11,816 12,028 12,704 676
Level 2: 51-80% 5,161 4,587 4,729 4,976 5,315 5,009 -306
Māori Medium Total 16,795 16,325 16,547 16,792 17,343 17,713 370

Māori Language in English Medium    

Māori language in English medium involves students who are learning Te Reo Māori as a language subject, or taught the curriculum in the Māori language for up to 50 percent of the time (Māori Language Immersion levels 3-5). 

As at 1 July 2014, 19.2% of the total school population were involved in Māori language in English, compare to 18.5% in 2013. The total number of students involved in Māori language in English medium increased minimally by 4.6% (6,469 students). Of the total 147,523 students enrolled, 37% identified as Māori and 58% attended a school where all students were enrolled in Māori language in English medium.

As at 1 July 2014, 1,045 schools offered Māori language in English medium: an increase of 15 schools since 1 July 2013. Of the 1,045 schools, 423 had all students enrolled in Māori language in English medium, 129 also offered Māori medium education, and 537 had at least one student not enrolled in Māori language in education. 

Table 2: Number of students in Māori language in English medium by Māori language immersion level (2009-2014)
Māori Language Immersion Level 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014   Change  
2013-2014
Level 3: 31-50% 4,649 4,904 4,807 4,936 4,843  4,884 41
Level 4a: 12-30% 6,727 6,303 5,640 5,357 5,718  5,723 5
Level 4b: At least 3 hours 21,128 20,010 20,131 21,245 21,141 22,249 1,108
Level 5: Less than 3 hours 102,014 101,514 103,777 109,405 109,352 114,667 5,315
Māori Language in English Medium Total 134,518 132,731 134,355 140,943 141,054 147,523 6,469

No Māori Language in Education

As at 1 July 2014, 78.5% of the total school population (602,022 students) were not enrolled in Māori language in education (Māori Immersion levels 1-5). Of these students 14,846 students were not eligible for Māori Language Programme (MLP) funding; this included alternative education students, international fee paying and students enrolled in secondary-tertiary programmes, 56% (338,797 students) were recorded as learning Taha Māori: Simple words, greetings or songs in Māori and the remaining 248,379 students were eligible for Māori Language Programme (MLP) funding but did not receive any Māori language learning at any level.

Table 3: Number of students not enrolled in Māori language in education by Māori language immersion level
(2009-2014)
Immersion Level 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Change
2013-2014
Level 6: Taha Māori 344,154 343,690 343,413 340,324 342,284 338,797 -3,487
No Māori Language Immersion 263,958 260,553 256,999 251,495 247,858  248,379 522
Not eligible for MLP Funding  1,434  11,099  11,368  10,406  13,861  14,846  985
No Māori Language in Education Total 609,546 615,342 611,780 602,225 604,003  602,022 -1,980

Build Your Own Table: Interactive Pivot Table for Māori Language in Education

These spreadsheets provide the underlying data for Māori-language in Education and allow you to create your tables by any combination of variables.  All three spreadsheets have the option of school type variables (such as decile or affiliation), and regional type variables.

Please note: use of these spreadsheets requires MS Excel version 2007 or later.

Interactive Pivot Table Downloads:

One-on-One Dimensional Tables: Number of Students

The chart below provides a number of one-on-one dimensional tables relating to student numbers.

 Number of Students One-on-One Dimentional Table Downloads:

One-on-One Dimensional Tables: Number of Schools

The chart below provides a number of one-on-one dimensional tables relating to number of schools.

Number of Schools One-on-One Dimentional Table Downloads:

School Data Dimension Notes

Year

Data is presented as at 1 July of each year 2000 through to 2014.

Level of Immersion

Māori Language Learning describes students being taught at different levels of Māori instruction. Each level is defined by the proportion of time the student is taught using Te Reo Māori.

  • Level 1: 81-100%: Curriculum is taught in Māori for between 20 and up to 25 hours a week
  • Level 2: 51-80%: Curriculum is taught in Māori for between 12.5 and up to 20 hours a week.
  • Level 3: 31-50% : Curriculum is taught in Māori for between 7.5 and up to 12.5 hours a week.
  • Level 4(a): 12-30%: Curriculum is taught in Māori for between 3 and up to 7.5 hours a week
  • Level 4(b): At least 3 hours: Students are learning Te Reo Māori as a separate subject for at least 3 hours a week
  • Level 5: Less than 3 hours: Students are learning Te Reo Māori as a separate subject for less than 3 hours a week
  • Level 6: Taha Māori: Students learn Māori songs, greetings, and simple words
  • No Māori Language Education: Students in school roll not recorded at any level of Māori language learning
  • Not Applicable: Māori language in Education information not collected for these students.
Maori Language in Education

Māori Language Immersion Levels can be grouped into 3 different Māori Language in Education categories.

  • Māori Medium: Students are taught all or some curriculum subjects in the Māori language for at least 51 percent of the time (Māori Language Immersion Levels 1-2)
  • Māori language in English medium: is where students are learning Te Reo Māori as a language subject, or taught curriculum subjects in the Māori language for up to 50 percent of the time (Māori Language Immersion levels 3-5)
  • No Māori Language in Education: Students are either involved in Māori Language Immersion Level 6- Taha Māori (Simple words, greetings or songs in Māori) or not recorded as receiving Māori Language immersion at any level
  • Not Applicable: Māori language in Education information not collected for these students. Includes Alternative Education Students, International fee paying students from 2010 onwards, and Secondary tertiary programme students from 2013 onwards. Students may study at any level of Māori language learning but the school does not receive Māori Language Programme funding for these students.
Māori Language Descriptor

A description of what levels of Māori Language in Education are available at the School

  • Māori medium school: All students are involved in Māori Medium
  • School with some students in Māori medium: Some students do Māori medium and the rest do no Māori language in education
  • Mixed Māori Language in Education School: All students are either involved in Māori medium or Māori language in English medium
  • School with some students in mixed Māori language in education: Some students do Maori medium, some do Māori language in English medium, and some do no Māori language in education.
  • Māori language in English medium school: All students are involved in Māori language in English medium.
  • School with some students in Māori language in English medium: Some students do Māori language in English medium, and the rest do no Māori language in education
  • No Māori Language in Education School: No students do Māori medium education or Māori language in English medium.
  • Not Applicable: Health camp schools i.e. Information not collected for these schools.
Year level

The number of years of schooling a student has received, also known as funding year level. The funding year level for most students is based on the date they first started school. It is independent of the way schools are organised and independent of the particular programme of study that a student may undertake.

School ID

The individual Identification code a school is given by the Ministry of Education.

School Name

The name of the school as at 1 July 2014.

School Type

The type of the school, for example Full Primary (Year 1-8), as at 1 July of that year. Typically based on what year levels the school offers, but also includes further information e.g. Correspondence school, Special school, Teen Parent Unit etc.  See "School: Sector" for a broader grouping, and "Student: Year level group" for a student based sector grouping.

School Sector

Schools are grouped (by school type) into four sectors of schooling education, Primary, Secondary, Composite and Special. See "School: Type" for a more detailed grouping, and "Student: Year level group" for a student based sector grouping.

School Authority

The ownership of the school for example State, State-Integrated and Private as at 1 July of that year.

School Decile

The decile assigned to the school as at 1 July of that year. Schools are assigned a socio-economic score based on five census derived socio-economic factors. The 10 percent of schools with the lowest scores are considered decile 1 schools; the next 10 percent of schools are considered decile 2 schools, etc. Decile 1 schools draw the greatest proportion of their students from low socioeconomic areas.

School Gender

The gender of the students that a school caters for, for example, co-educational, boys school. A small number of single sex schools can have some students of the opposite sex on their roll. These students can only access the education they need at these 'opposite sex' schools i.e. adults or special needs students.

Affiliation Type

Whether a school has a religious or organisational affiliation, as at 1 July of that year. Only schools that requested an affiliation are included in that affiliation group, this dimension is most commonly represented for state integrated schools. See "School: Affiliation" for a more detailed grouping.

School Affiliation

The religious or organisational affiliation of schools, for example, Roman Catholic, Montessori, as at 1 July of that year. Only schools that requested an affiliation are included in that affiliation group, this dimension is most commonly represented for state integrated schools. See "School: Affiliation Type" for a broader grouping.

School Definition

Additional descriptive information about the school. For example, Kura Kaupapa Māori, school for pupils with physical disabilities, etc. as at 1 July of that year.

Kura Type

Māori immersion schools can be set up either through Section 155 (s155) or Section 156 (s156) of the Education Act 1990.

  • S156 allows for state schools with a special character that sets them apart from ordinary state schools.
  • S155 of the Act allows for state schools that use Te Reo Māori as the main language for teaching and operate in accordance with the principles of Te Aho Matua
  • A Kura Teina is an initiative by a community which wants to become a Kura Kaupapa Māori (Kura s155). During the establishment phase the Kura Teina was "attached" to, and mentored by, an established high performing Kura Kaupapa Māori. No longer exists from 2011 onwards.
Education Region

The education region where the school is located. These ten administrative regions are created by the Ministry of Education and are aligned with the Ministry's ten regional offices.

Regional Council

The Regional Council area where the school is located. Regional council boundaries are defined by Statistics New Zealand.

Territorial Authority

The Territorial Authority area where the school is located. Territorial authority boundaries are defined by Statistics New Zealand. Auckland super city has been subdivided into local board. For more information Auckland city local boards see:

Auckland Council website. MOE local Office The Ministry of Education local office district where the school is located.