Student EngagementThis page describes the Student Engagement data collection.
The Ministry of Education developed a Student Engagement database in July 1999, following the introduction of the Education (Suspension) Rules 1999. The Student Engagement database is also known as the Stand-down and Suspension database or SDS database.
The purpose of student engagement legislation and rules is to:
(a) ensure that individual cases are dealt with in accordance with the principals of natural justice
(b) provide a range of responses for cases of varying degrees of seriousness
(c) minimise the disruption to a student’s attendance at school
(d) facilitate the return of the student to school when that is appropriate.
The student engagement database deals with stand-downs, suspensions, exclusions and expulsions.
Stand-down is the formal removal of a student from school for a specified period. Stand-downs of a student can total no more than 5 school days in any term, or 10 days in a school year. Following stand-downs, students return automatically to school.
Suspension is the formal removal of a student from school until the board of trustees decides the outcome at a suspension meeting. Following a suspension the board may decide to lift the suspension with or without conditions, to extend the suspension, or in the most serious cases, to either exclude or expel the student.
Exclusion means the formal removal of a student aged under 16 from the school, and the requirement that the student enrol elsewhere.
Expulsion means the formal removal of a student aged 16 or over from school. He or she may enrol in another school.
The latest information on student engagement, as well as summaries of previous years, can be found in the Student Engagement home page. Data on Student Engagement can be accessed via the following links:
|Links to Student Engagement Data:|
|Stand-Downs, Suspensions, Exclusions and Expulsions from School (Indicator)|
Stand-downs, suspensions, exclusions and expulsions from school
| Data Stand-downs (Indicator)|
| Data Suspensions (Indicator)|
| Data Exclusions (Indications)|
| Data Expulsions (Indicator)|
Student engagement data are used as the basis for a significant amount of analysis and many publications about schooling in New Zealand. Boards of trustees data can be found in:
|Links to Publications and Indicators containing July Roll Return Data:|
| Education Statistics of New Zealand (Publication)|
Education Statistics of New Zealand
| New Zealand Schools: Ngā Kura o Aotearoa (Publication)|
New Zealand Schools: Ngā Kura o Aotearoa
| Ngā Haeata Matauranga - Annual Report on Māori Education (Publication)|
Ngā Haeata Matauranga - Annual Report on Māori Education
| Pasifika Education Plan: Monitoring Report 2006 (Publication)|
Pasifika Education Plan: Monitoring Report 2006
Ministry of Education
The Ministry of Education's main website has policy
information and guidelines to support school boards
of trustees and parents regarding student engagement.
Te Kete Ipurangi
Student Support on TKI provides access to student support
related material including student engagement. Bilingual
portal site which provides quality assured educational
material for teachers, school managers, and the wider
The Educational Leaders website, formerly LeadSpace, is
for principals and school leaders. School leaders will find
resources relating to management and professional
The Student Engagement database is administered by the National Office of the Ministry of Education. Data is inputted at the Regional Offices of the Ministry, and analysed/reported at all levels: National, Regional, and Local Offices.
The Guidelines for Principals and Boards of Trustees on Stand-downs, Suspension, Exclusions and Expulsions outline the processes involved with being stood-down, suspended, excluded or expelled. Included on this page are the reporting forms which obtain the data that ultimately goes into the Student Engagement Data Collection
Downloads / Links
For more information about student engagement data, please email: