Technical Notes and Additional Tables

Summary

Page Index:

Information:

Index of Tables

Table 1.1:  

Table 1.2:  

Table 1.3:  

Table 1.4:  

Table 1.5:  

Table 2.1:  

Table 2.2:  

Table 2.3:  

Table 3.1:  

Table 3.2:  

Table 3.3:  

Table 3.4:  

Table 4.1:  

Table 4.2:  

Table 4.3:  

Table 4.4:  

Table 4.5:  

Table 5.1:  

Table 5.2:  

Table 5.3:  

Table 6.1:  

Table 6.2:

Table 6.3:  

Table 6.4:  Percentage of school leavers with NCEA Level 1 literacy and numeracy requirements, by quintile and gender (2015)

Table 6.5:  Percentage of school leavers with NCEA Level 1 literacy and numeracy requirements, by ethnicity and national value (2015)

Table 7.1:  

Table 7.2:  

Table 7.3:  

Table 7.4:  Percentage of 18-year-olds with NCEA Level 2 or above, by ethnicity and gender (2015)

Table 7.5:  Percentage of 18-year-olds with NCEA Level 2 or above, by ethnicity and national value (2015)

Table 8.1:  

Table 8.2:  

Table 8.3:  

Table 8.4:  Percentage of school leavers with a Level 3 or above qualification, by ethnicity and gender (2015)

Table 8.5:  Percentage of school leavers with a Level 3 or above qualification, by ethnicity and national value (2015)

Table 9.1:  

Table 9.2:  

Table 9.3:  

Table 9.4:  

Table 9.5:  

Table 10.1:

Table 10.2:

Table 10.3:

Table 11.1:

Table 11.2:

Table 11.3:

Table 12.1:

Table 12.2:

Table 12.3:

Table 13.1:

Table 13.2:

Table 13.3:

Table 13.4:

Table 14.1:

Table 14.2:

Table 14.3:

Table 14.4:

Table 14.5:

Table 15.1:

Table 15.2:

Table 16.1:

Table 16.2: Number of Pasifika enrolments and five-year completion rate at levels four or above, by year (2014)

Technical Notes

1. Early Childhood Education

General notes

For this data European/Pākehā refers to people who affiliate as New Zealand European, Other European or European (not further defined). For example, this includes and is not limited to people who consider themselves as Australian (excluding Australian Aborigines), British and Irish, American, Spanish, and Ukrainian.

A child can be enrolled in more than one ECE service at any time.

The 20 hours ECE policy entitles parents to claim up to 20 hours in ECE at teacher-led services. That is, up to six hours per day and up to 20 hours per week.

The island group for a small number of Pasifika are not known. These figures are not shown separately but are included in the totals for the Island Group tables.

Prior participation rates show the proportion of children who have regularly attended ECE in the six months prior to starting school.

Quality in early childhood education

Registered teachers include: holders of a New Zealand Teachers Council (NZTC) practising certificate that is NZTC full registration; holders of an NZTC practising certificate that is subject to NZTC confirmation; and holders of an NZTC practising certificate that is NZTC provisional.

Teachers at licensed teacher-led services include teachers at education and care services, casual education and care services, kindergartens, and home-based service coordinators. Caregivers in home-based services are excluded, as are adults on duty in parent-led services, including playcentres and Te Kōhanga Reo.

2. Schooling

General notes

All schooling enrolment, National Standard and engagement data is prioritised in the order of Māori, Pasifika, Asian, other groups except European/Pākehā, and European/Pākehā. For this data European/Pākehā refers to people who affiliate as New Zealand European, Other European or European (not further defined). For example, this includes and is not limited to people who consider themselves as Australian (excluding Australian Aborigines), British and Irish, American, Spanish, and Ukrainian.

Schools in the lowest quintile (quintile 1) draw their students from communities with the highest degree of socio-economic disadvantage.

Achievement at school

In 2014, students were required to obtain 10 literacy and 10 numeracy credits at level 1 to achieve an NCEA Level 1 qualification. This is an increase on the 8 credits previously required to achieve NCEA Level 1. No historical adjustment has been made for this change.

18-year-olds with NCEA Level 2

Cohort numbers are identified through the Ministry's ENROL database and based on New Zealand Domestic Students who turned 18 within a calendar year.  Attainment details are sourced from the Ministry of Education School Leaver dataset, New Zealand Qualifications Authority, and Tertiary Single Data Returns (SDRs). 

Effective teaching

Registered teachers include registered principals and staff in management positions, as well as classroom teachers. Registered Pasifika teacher numbers are only available for State and State-integrated schools.

Pasifika representation on the board of trustees

The measure for the representation on the board of trustees indicator takes schools that have enough Pasifika students on their rolls to expect to have at least one Pasifika board member, that is, if a schools roll is 20% Pasifika this relates to one Pasifika board member on a board with five members. This measure restricts the number of schools to those where a Pasifika board member is required, it excludes all of the schools with a small or zero percentage of Pasifika students. This measure exclusively focuses on schools that need to have Pasifika representation on their boards of trustees and whether or not they have achieved this.

3. Tertiary 

General notes

Tertiary data each year is revised and updated, therefore data in this Report may differ from previously published monitoring reports

For the achievement in tertiary education indicator European/Pākehā refers to people who affiliate as New Zealand European, Other European or European (not further defined). For example, this includes but is not limited to people who consider themselves Australian (excluding Australian Aborigines), British and Irish, American, Spanish and Ukrainian.

Students who identify with more than one ethnic group have been counted in each group. Consequently, the sum of the students in each ethnic group may not add to the total number of students.

Students who were enrolled at more than one qualification level have been counted in each level. Consequently, the sum of the students in each qualification level may not add to the total number of students.

Totals also include those students whose qualification level or ethnic group is unknown.

Participation in tertiary education

Participation rate is the percentage of the population aged 15 and over who were enrolled at any time during the year in tertiary education. Participation rates are not available for 'Other' ethnic group; these are included in the total. Separate participation rates are not available for 'Pasifika', 'Asian' and 'European/Pākehā' ethnic groups before 2000.

Retention rate is defined as the percentage of domestic students starting a qualification at a public provider in 2013 who are still enrolled or have completed by the end of 2014.

Private training establishment includes other tertiary education providers (OTEPs). Data excludes those private training establishments that did not receive government tuition subsidies.

These rates are age-standardised to the 2006 national age distribution (ie, they represent the rate a group would have if they had the same age distribution as the 2006 national age distribution).

Data relates to students enrolled at any time during the year with a tertiary education provider in formal qualifications of greater than 0.03 equivalent full-time students (EFTS) (more than one week's duration).

Data excludes all non-formal learning and on-job industry training.

Students who identify with more than one ethnic group have been counted in each group but only once in the total. Consequently, the sum of the students in each group may not add to the total number of students. Students who were enrolled at more than one qualification level have been counted in each level but only once in the total. Consequently, the sum of the students in each qualification level may not add to the total number of students.

Totals also include those students whose qualification level or ethnic group is unknown.

Achievement in tertiary education

The completion rate is now defined as the percentage of students who have successfully completed a qualification at the same level as or higher than the one they started.

Data relates to domestic students enrolled at any time during the year with a tertiary education provider in formal qualifications of greater than 0.03 EFTS.

The total includes those students who have changed qualification level, whereas rates for individual levels do not.

Data tables

Students who were enrolled in more than one provider type have been counted in each provider type.

Students who were enrolled in more than one level of study have been counted in each level.

Students who were enrolled in more than one sub-sector have been counted in each sub-sector.

Private training establishment includes OTEPs.

This tertiary data has been revised and so may differ from previously published figures. It excludes all non-formal learning and on-job industry training, as well as those private training establishments that did not receive government tuition subsidies.Bachelors relates to bachelors degrees only. Doctorate relates to PhDs only.

4. General Notes 

Ethnicity

Ethnicity is the ethnic group or groups to which an individual belongs. The concept of ethnicity adopted by the Ministry of Education is a social construct of group affiliation and identity. The Ministry of Education uses the definition of ethnicity used by Statistics New Zealand, namely:

A social group whose members have one or more of the following characteristics they:

  • share a sense of common origins
  • claim a common and distinctive history and destiny
  • possess one or more dimensions of collective cultural individuality
  • feel a sense of unique collective solidarity.

Prioritisation of ethnicity is when people are allocated to one of the ethnicities they have recorded that they affiliate with. This usually occurs when data is collected manually and/or aggregate data returns are collected centrally. This allocation is performed using a predetermined order of ethnic groups. The purpose of this prioritisation is to ensure that ethnic groups of policy importance are not swamped by the European/Pākehā ethnic group.

Total response ethnicity works by considering each ethnicity a person affiliates with as one data entry. For example, the data relating to an individual who affiliates as both Māori and Pasifika will be included in both categories. This approach can be undertaken in tertiary analysis as most data is collected in a disaggregated fashion.

Some measures in this report use prioritised ethnicity and some use total response, it is indicated along with each measure the way in which ethnicity has been recorded.

In this Report, European/Pākehā refers to people who affiliate as New Zealand European, Other European or European (not further defined). For example, this includes but is not limited to people who consider themselves Australian (not including Australian Aborigines), British and Irish, American, Spanish, Ukrainian and Czech.

The Pasifika ethnic group can be sub-divided into seven Island groups:

  • Samoan
  • Cook Islands Māori
  • Tongan
  • Niuean
  • Fijian
  • Tokelauan
  • Other Pasifika.

Data by Island group for relevant indicators can be found in Appendix 1 tables.

Regional council

Regional data is the regional council area the ECE service or school each student was located in. The Chatham Islands County is a separate county outside the standard regional council boundaries.

For schooling data, the regional council category of 'Not Applicable' includes The Correspondence School and a small number of students (<30) whose school campus covers more than one regional council area.

For schooling data, the New Zealand total includes students from all regional council areas, including those with less than five students in the corresponding indicator.

Decile

Students from low socio-economic communities face more barriers to learning than students from high socio-economic communities. Schools that draw their rolls from these low socio-economic communities are given greater funding to combat these barriers. The mechanism used to calculate and allocate this additional funding is most often known as school deciles.

Schools are assigned a socio-economic score based on five census-derived socio-economic factors. Schools are then ranked in order of this score and divided into 10 even groups called deciles. The 10% of schools with the lowest scores are considered decile 1 schools, the next 10% of schools are considered decile 2 schools and so on. Decile 1 schools have the highest proportion of low socio-economic students, decile 10 schools have the least (note: this does not mean students from decile 10 schools are 'rich'). See the Ministry of Education website for a more detailed explanation of how a decile is calculated.

Additional Tables

Index of Tables

Table 1.1:  

Table 1.2:  

Table 1.3:  

Table 1.4:  

Table 1.5:  

Table 2.1:  

Table 2.2:  

Table 2.3:  

Table 3.1:  

Table 3.2:  

Table 3.3:  

Table 3.4:  

Table 4.1:  

Table 4.2:  

Table 4.3:  

Table 4.4:  

Table 4.5:  

Table 5.1:  

Table 5.2:  

Table 5.3:  

Table 6.1:  

Table 6.2:

Table 6.3:  

Table 6.4:  Percentage of school leavers with NCEA Level 1 literacy and numeracy requirements, by quintile and gender (2015)

Table 6.5:  Percentage of school leavers with NCEA Level 1 literacy and numeracy requirements, by ethnicity and national value (2015)

Table 7.1:  

Table 7.2:  

Table 7.3:  

Table 7.4:  Percentage of 18-year-olds with NCEA Level 2 or above, by ethnicity and gender (2015)

Table 7.5:  Percentage of 18-year-olds with NCEA Level 2 or above, by ethnicity and national value (2015)

Table 8.1:  

Table 8.2:  

Table 8.3:  

Table 8.4:  Percentage of school leavers with a Level 3 or above qualification, by ethnicity and gender (2015)

Table 8.5:  Percentage of school leavers with a Level 3 or above qualification, by ethnicity and national value (2015)

Table 9.1:  

Table 9.2:  

Table 9.3:  

Table 9.4:  

Table 9.5:  

Table 10.1:

Table 10.2:

Table 10.3:

Table 11.1:

Table 11.2:

Table 11.3:

Table 12.1:

Table 12.2:

Table 12.3:

Table 13.1:

Table 13.2:

Table 13.3:

Table 13.4:

Table 14.1:

Table 14.2:

Table 14.3:

Table 14.4:

Table 14.5:

Table 15.1:

Table 15.2:

Table 16.1:

Table 16.2: Number of Pasifika enrolments and five-year completion rate at levels four or above, by year (2014)

Table 1.1: Number of enrolments for 2 to 4 year-olds in licensed early childhood education services, by regional council (1 June 2014)
Regional Council Total
Pasifika
Northland Region 102
Auckland 8,004
Waikato Region 588
Bay of Plenty Region 329
Gisborne Region 36
Hawkes Bay Region 298
Taranaki Region 54
Manawatu-Wanganui Region 322
Wellington Region 1,408
Tasman Region 28
Nelson Region 44
Marlborough Region 52
West Coast Region 13
Canterbury Region 640
Otago Region 182
Southland Region 83
Te Kura (Correspondence School) 13
New Zealand Total 12,196

Table 1.2: Number of enrolments for 2 to 4 year-olds in licensed early childhood education services, by year (2004-2014)
Year Total Pasifika
2004 7,916
2005 8,102
2006  8,358
2007 8,510
2008 9,103
2009 9,492
2010 10,255
2011 11,064
2012 11,691
2013 12,282
2014 12,196

Table 1.3: Number of enrolments for 2 to 4 year-olds in licensed early childhood education services, by type of service (1 June 2014)
Type of Service National
Value
Kindergarten 2,411
Playcentre 147
Education & Care 8,735
Home-based 706
Te Kōhanga Reo 184
Correspondence School 13
Total 12,196


Table 1.4: Number of enrolments for 2 to 4 year-olds in licensed early childhood education services, by Pacific Island group (1 June 2014)
Pacific Island Group National
Value
Tokelauan 283
Fijian 862
Niuean 741
Tongan 2,893
Cook Islands Māori 1,676
Samoan 5,063
Other Pacific Peoples 678
Total 12,196


Table 1.5: Number of enrolments for 2 to 4 year-olds in licensed early childhood education services, by New Zealand Deprivation Index (1 June 2014)
New Zealand Deprivation Index Total
Pasifika
New Zealand Deprivation Decile 1 222
New Zealand Deprivation Decile 2 308
New Zealand Deprivation Decile 3 513
New Zealand Deprivation Decile 4 413
New Zealand Deprivation Decile 5 634
New Zealand Deprivation Decile 6 726
New Zealand Deprivation Decile 7 1,188
New Zealand Deprivation Decile 8 1,320
New Zealand Deprivation Decile 9 2,289
New Zealand Deprivation Decile 10 4,570
Total 12,196

Table 2.1: Prior Participation of Year 1 students in early childhood education, by regional council (Year End March 2016)
Regional Council Number Percent
Northland Region 134 90.5
Auckland 4,977 91.5
Waikato Region 385 96.3
Bay of Plenty Region 190 93.1
Gisborne Region 36 97.3
Hawkes Bay Region 149 94.3
Taranaki Region 41 93.2
Manawatu-Wanganui Region 221 95.7
Wellington Region 823 94.7
Tasman Region 15 n
Nelson Region 19 90.5
Marlborough Region 35 92.1
West Coast Region 7 n
Canterbury Region 360 95.0
Otago Region 98 93.3
Southland Region 47 92.2
New Zealand Total 7,546 92.5

Table 2.2: Prior Participation of Year 1 students in early childhood education, by year (2010-2014)
Year Pasifika Non-Pasifika
2010 85.9 95.6
2011 86.5 95.9
2012 86.2 95.9
2013 88.1 96.5
2014 90.0 96.8
2015 90.9 96.9
2016 92.5 97.2

Table 2.3: Prior Participation of Year 1 students in early childhood education, by decile (YE June 2014)
Decile Number Percent
1 2,531 89.4
2 1,374 93.6
3 1,005 93.2
4 663 92.5
5 443 94.3
6 276 95.5
7 337 96.3
8 342 94.5
9 287 96.3
10 242 98.0
Total 7,546 92.5

Table 3.1: Number of Pasifika early childhood education teachers who are registered with the New Zealand Teachers Council, by regional council (2013)

Note:

  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Regional Council Number Percent
Northland 11 55.0
Auckland 865 69.2
Waikato 78 70.3
Bay of Plenty 38 69.1
Gisborne 6 85.7
Hawke's Bay 28 59.6
Taranaki 3 75.0
Manawatu-Whanganui 26 57.8
Wellington 196 75.1
Tasman 1 100.0
Nelson 3 42.9
Marlborough 3 75.0
West Coast 1 100.0
Canterbury 48 65.8
Otago 14 63.6
Southland 5 41.7
New Zealand Total 1,326 69.1

Table 3.2: Number of Pasifika early childhood education teachers who are registered with the New Zealand Teachers Council, by year (2002-2013)

Note:

  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Year Number Percent
2002 167 17.7
2003 187 17.6
2004 208 18.4
2005 425 36.7
2006 539 43.9
2007 631 51.0
2008 808 54.7
2009 919 59.7
2010 1,003 62.9
2011 1,135 64.6
2012 1,212 66.0
2013 1,326 69.1

Table 3.3: Number of Pasifika early childhood education teachers who are registered with the New Zealand Teachers Council, by type of service (2013)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Type of Service Number Percent
Education and Care 1,201 67.5
Kindergarten 102 87.9
Home-based 19 100.0
Casual Education and Care 1 50.0
Hospital-based 3 100.0
The Correspondence School 0 x
Total Pasifika 1,326 69.1

Table 3.4: Number of Pasifika early childhood education teachers who are registered with the New Zealand Teachers Council, by ethnicity (2013)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Ethnicity Number Percent
Tokelauan 37 72.5
Fijian 206 67.3
Niuean 121 71.6
Tongan 173 66.3
Cook Islands Māori 179 70.2
Samoan 580 69.1
Other Pasifika 59 76.6
Total Pasifika 1,326 69.1

Table 4.1: Number of Pasifika students in schooling, by regional council (2015)
Regional Council Total
Pasifika
Northland Region 587
Auckland Region 53,714
Waikato Region 2,842
Bay of Plenty Region 1,313
Gisborne Region 212
Hawkes Bay Region 1,471
Taranaki Region 375
Manawatu-Wanganui Region 1,596
Wellington Region 7,980
Tasman Region 118
Nelson Region 235
Marlborough Region 287
West Coast Region 90
Canterbury Region 3,586
Otago Region 1,083
Southland Region 491
Correspondence School 219
Grand Total 76,199

Table 4.2: Number of Pasifika students in schooling, by ethnicity (2015)
Pacific Island Group Total
Samoan 33,026
Cook Island Māori 10,434
Tongan 18,115
Niuean 4,092
Fijian 5,341
Tokelauan 1,626
Other Pasifika 3,565

Table 4.3: Number of Pasifika students in schooling, by year (2015)
Year Total Pasifika
2006 68,059
2007 69,888
2008 71,322
2009 73,081
2010 74,466
2011 74,848
2012 75,000
2013 74,825
2014 75,198
2015 76,199

Table 4.4: Number of Pasifika students in schooling, by decile (2015)
Decile Total Pasifika
Decile 1 25,020
Decile 2 12,256
Decile 3 10,007
Decile 4 6,526
Decile 5 4,233
Decile 6 3,766
Decile 7 4,210
Decile 8 4,050
Decile 9 3,191
Decile 10 2,304
Not Applicable 636

Table 4.5: Number of Pasifika students in schooling, by gender (2015)
Gender Total
Pasifika
Male 37,399
Female 38,800
Total 76,199

Table 5.1: Proportion of Years 1-8 students at or above expected levels in National Standards, by regional council (2015)
Regional Council Reading Mathematics Writing
Northland Region 74.0 67.8 63.5
Auckland Region 65.7 63.5 60.3
Waikato Region 64.8 61.1 59.2
Bay of Plenty Region 65.9 61.5 62.2
Gisborne Region 50.0 51.4 49.6
Hawkes Bay Region 53.5 51.1 48.2
Taranaki Region 75.6 66.7 71.7
Manawatu-Wanganui Region 67.4 65.1 63.4
Wellington Region 69.8 64.3 62.7
Marlborough Region 55.6 54.4 51.1
Nelson Region 68.6 66.7 60.0
Tasman Region 77.0 72.4 65.5
West Coast Region 73.1 59.6 61.5
Canterbury Region 63.3 61.9 61.8
Otago Region 73.5 68.1 68.3
Southland Region 72.0 65.1 65.1
Correspondence School 78.6 50.0 57.1
New Zealand Total 66.0 63.3 60.6

Table 5.2: Proportion of Years 1-8 students at or above expected levels in National Standards, by decile (2015)
Decile Reading Mathematics Writing
Decile 1 61.4 60.1 55.0
Decile 2 66.4 64.4 60.5
Decile 3 64.1 61.5 60.2
Decile 4 65.4 61.7 60.8
Decile 5 68.2 62.8 64.7
Decile 6 70.0 65.2 63.6
Decile 7 72.7 66.4 68.9
Decile 8 72.7 70.4 70.0
Decile 9 78.4 72.8 70.3
Decile 10 80.6 74.8 75.9

Table 5.3: Proportion of Years 1-8 students at or above expected levels in National Standards, by year (2011-2015)
Year Reading Mathematics Writing
2011 59.0 56.7 53.8
2012 62.9 59.6 57.1
2013 64.3 60.9 57.6
2014 65.0 61.9 59.7
2015 66.0 63.3 60.6

Table 6.1: Percentage of school leavers with NCEA Level 1 literacy and numeracy requirements, by regional council (2015)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Regional Council Total
Pasifika
Northland Region 81.0
Auckland Region 88.7
Waikato Region 84.7
Bay of Plenty Region 85.5
Gisborne Region 82.1
Hawkes Bay Region 90.5
Taranaki Region 90.0
Manawatu-Wanganui Region 84.0
Wellington Region 89.9
Tasman Region 66.7
Nelson Region 82.8
Marlborough Region 92.9
West Coast Region 100.0
Canterbury Region 85.1
Otago Region 92.0
Southland Region 85.3
Correspondence School 73.6
New Zealand Total 87.9

Table 6.2: Percentage of school leavers with NCEA Level 1 literacy and numeracy requirements, by year (2015)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Year Total
Pasifika
2009 78.3
2010 80.8
2011 82.4
2012 83.1
2013 84.3
2014 86.1
2015 87.9

Table 6.3: Percentage of school leavers with NCEA Level 1 literacy and numeracy requirements, by quintile (2015)
Note:
  1. For the Maori ethnic group(1) census usually resident population count.
Quintile Total
Pasifika
Quintile 1 86.6
Quintile 2 88.0
Quintile 3 88.7
Quintile 4 90.2
Quintile 5 96.7

Table 6.4: Percentage of school leavers with NCEA Level 1 literacy and numeracy requirements, by ethnicity and gender (2015)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Pacific Island Group Male Female
Tokelauan 91.2 83.8
Fijian 88.6 97.4
Niuean 84.2 90.6
Tongan 85.8 90.4
Cook Islands Māori 80.8 83.4
Samoan 87.7 90.4
Other Pacific Peoples 85.6 93.3
Total Pasifika 85.9 90

Table 6.5: Percentage of school leavers with NCEA Level 1 literacy and numeracy requirements, by ethnicity and national value (2015)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Pacific Island Group National Value
Tokelauan 87.7
Fijian 93.3
Niuean 87.3
Tongan 88
Cook Islands Māori 82.1
Samoan 89
Other Pacific Peoples 89.1
Total Pasifika 87.9

Table 7.1: Percentage of 18-year-olds with NCEA Level 2 or above, by regional council (2015)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Regional Council Total Pasifika
Northland Region 74.0
Auckland Region 78.3
Waikato Region 71.7
Bay of Plenty Region 81.6
Gisborne Region 83.3
Hawkes Bay Region 75.0
Taranaki Region 80.0
Manawatu-Wanganui Region 75.9
Wellington Region 80.7
Tasman Region 66.7
Nelson Region 77.3
Marlborough Region 78.6
West Coast Region 85.7
Canterbury Region 73.6
Otago Region 85.4
Southland Region 83.8
Correspondence School 60.3
New Zealand Total 77.6

Table 7.2: Percentage of 18-year-olds with NCEA Level 2 or above, by year (2015)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Year Total Pasifika
2011 65.5
2012 68.1
2013 71.4
2014 75.0
2015 77.6

Table 7.3: Percentage of 18-year-olds with NCEA Level 2 or above, by Level 2 met by (2015)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Level 2 met by Total Pasifika
Not Met 22.4
School 69.6
School (deduced) 0.2
Post school (Not further defined) 6.2
Tertiary - Certificate Level 2 0.8
Tertiary - Certificate Level 3 0.6
Tertiary - Certificate Level 4 0.3
Tertiary - Diploma 0.0

Table 7.4: Percentage of 18-year-olds with NCEA Level 2 or above, by ethnicity and gender (2015)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Pacific Island Group Male Female
Tokelauan 78.3 79.7
Fijian 77.0 88.0
Niuean 69.0 80.5
Tongan 74.2 86.4
Cook Island Māori 70.6 79.8
Samoan 74.4 80.6
Other Pacific Peoples 69.0 84.4
Total Pasifika 73.2 82.1

Table 7.5: Percentage of 18-year-olds with NCEA Level 2 or above, by ethnicity and national value (2015)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Pacific Island Group National Value
Tokelauan 78.9
Fijian 82.9
Niuean 74.8
Tongan 80.2
Cook Island Māori 74.9
Samoan 77.6
Other Pacific Peoples 76.1
Total Pasifika 77.6

Table 8.1: Percentage of school leavers with a Level 3 or above qualification, by regional council (2015)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Regional Council

Total Pasifika

Northland Region 26.6
Auckland Region 43.3
Waikato Region 32.1
Bay of Plenty Region 36.1
Gisborne Region 32.1
Hawkes Bay Region 45.3
Taranaki Region 32.5
Manawatu-Wanganui Region 37.8
Wellington Region 43.6
Tasman Region 8.3
Nelson Region 20.7
Marlborough Region 42.9
West Coast Region 33.3
Canterbury Region 33.2
Otago Region 39.1
Southland Region 20.6
Correspondence School 18.2
New Zealand Total 41.0

Table 8.2: Percentage of school leavers with a Level 3 or above qualification, by year (2009-2015)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Year Total Pasifika
2009 23.2
2010 26.3
2011 29.9
2012 33.8
2013 36.8
2014 38.1
2015 41.0

Table 8.3: Percentage of school leavers with a Level 3 or above qualification, by quintile (2015)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Quintile Total Pasifika
Quintile 1 38.9
Quintile 2 38.1
Quintile 3 35.9
Quintile 4 50.8
Quintile 5 61.0

Table 8.4: Percentage of school leavers with a Level 3 or above qualification, by ethnicity and gender (2015)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Pacific Island Group Male Female
Tokelauan 33 32.5
Fijian 36.6 52.6
Niuean 30.1 39.4
Tongan 33.8 51
Cook Islands Māori 26 35.5
Samoan 38 50.7
Other Pacific Peoples 29.9 38
Total Pasifika 34.7 47.6

Table 8.5: Percentage of school leavers with a Level 3 or above qualification, by ethnicity and national value (2015)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Pacific Island Group National Value
Tokelauan 32.7
Fijian 45.1
Niuean 34.7
Tongan 42.0
Cook Islands Māori 30.7
Samoan 44.3
Other Pacific Peoples 33.7
Total Pasifika 41.0

Table 9.1: Number of Pasifika teachers in State schools as at April, by regional council (2014)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Regional Council Total Pasifika
Northland Region 23
Auckland Region 995
Waikato Region 63
Bay Of Plenty Region 41
Gisborne Region 6
Hawkes Bay Region 15
Taranaki Region 8
Manawatu-Wanganui Region 27
Wellington Region 170
Tasman Region 1
Nelson Region 3
Marlborough Region 6
West Coast Region 3
Canterbury Region 46
Otago Region 15
Southland Region 14
Unknown 7
Total 1,443

Table 9.2: Number of Pasifika teachers in State schools as at April, by Pasific Island group (2014)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Pasific Island Group Total
Cook Island Maori 195
Fijian 183
Niuean 93
Other Pacific Island 74
Samoan 795
Tokelauan 16
Tongan 203
Total Pasifika 1,559

Table 9.3: Number of Pasifika teachers in State schools as at April, by ethnicity (2014)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Ethnicity Male Female
Cook Islands Maori 46 149
Fijian 83 100
Niuean 24 69
Other Pacific Island 23 51
Samoan 232 563
Tokelauan 8 8
Tongan 63 140
Total Pasifika 479 1,080

Table 9.4: Number of Pasifika teachers in State schools as at April, by year (2005-2014)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data
Year Total Pasifika
2005 1,082
2006 1,131
2007 1,206
2008 1,267
2009 1,310
2010 1,368
2011 1,393
2012 1,385
2013 1,432
2014 1,443

Table 9.5: Number of Pasifika teachers in State schools as at April, by quintile (2014)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data./li>
Quintile Total Pasifika
Quintile 1 755
Quintile 2 288
Quintile 3 172
Quintile 4 129
Quintile 5 92

Table 10.1: Age-standardised suspensions rates per 1,000 Pasifika students, by regional council (2016)
Regional Council Observed Suspensions Expected Suspensions Age-standardised Suspension Rate per 1,000 Students
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Northland Region 2 2.4 3.0
Auckland 230 194.3 4.3
Waikato Region 18 10.3 6.3
Bay of Plenty Region 4 4.7 3.1
Gisborne Region 1 0.7 4.8
Hawke's Bay Region 8 5.1 5.6
Taranaki Region 2 1.4 5.1
Manawatu-Wanganui Region 14 6.0 8.5
Wellington Region 24 29.4 3.0
Marlborough Region 1 1.0 3.6
Nelson Region 1 0.7 4.9
Tasman Region 0 0.3 0.0
West Coast Region 0 0.3 0.0
Canterbury Region 10 12.8 2.8
Otago Region 8 4.0 7.2
Southland Region 3 1.7 6.5
New Zealand 326 275.2 4.3

Table 10.2: Age-standardised suspension rates per 1,000 Pasifika students, by year (2000-2016)
Year Observed Suspensions Expected Suspensions Age-Standardised Suspension Rate Per 1,000 Students
2000 412 186.4 8.0
2001 460 196.6 8.5
2002 512 209.1 8.9
2003 486 223.4 7.9
2004 551 232.8 8.6
2005 577 241.1 8.7
2006 655 248.3 9.6
2007 559 254.3 8.0
2008 479 259.5 6.7
2009 541 266.0 7.4
2010 464 271.0 6.2
2011 389 273.6 5.2
2012 320 273.4 4.2
2013 308 270.8 4.1
2014 283 271.5 3.8
2015 312 272.9 4.1
2016 326 275.2 4.3

Table 10.3: Age-standardised suspension rates per 1,000 Pasifika students, by decile (2016)
Decile Observed Suspensions Expected Suspensions Age-standardised Suspension Rate Per 1,000 Students
Decile 1 121 84.7 5.2
Decile 2 47 37.3 4.6
Decile 3 38 37.9 3.6
Decile 4 44 24.0 6.7
Decile 5 11 15.3 2.6
Decile 6 22 17.4 4.6
Decile 7 24 19.4 4.5
Decile 8 9 19.3 1.7
Decile 9 4 12.6 1.1
Decile 10 4 5.9 2.5
New Zealand326275.24.3

Table 11.1: Age-standardised exclusion rates per 1,000 Pasifika students, by regional council (2016)
Regional Council Observed Exclusions Expected Exclusions Age-standardised Exclusion Rate Per 1,000 Students
Northland Region 1 0.8 1.7
Auckland 83 65.1 1.8
Waikato Region 4 3.5 1.6
Bay of Plenty Region 3 1.6 2.7
Gisborne Region 0 0.2 0.0
Hawke's Bay Region 2 1.7 1.6
Taranaki Region 0 0.5 0.0
Manawatu-Wanganui Region 2 2.0 1.4
Wellington Region 4 9.8 0.6
Marlborough Region 1 0.3 4.3
Nelson Region 0 0.2 0.0
Tasman Region 0 0.1 0.0
West Coast Region 0 0.1 0.0
Canterbury Region 3 4.3 1.0
Otago Region 0 1.4 0.0
Southland Region 2 0.6 4.9
New Zealand 105 92.2 1.6

Table 11.2: Age-standardised exclusion rates per 1,000 Pasifika students, by year (2000-2016)
Year Observed Exclusions Expected Exclusions Age-standardised Exclusion Rate Per 1,000 Students
2000 147 64.1 3.2
2001 144 68.0 3.0
2002 189 72.6 3.7
2003 177 77.6 3.2
2004 198 80.5 3.5
2005 214 82.9 3.6
2006 230 84.8 3.8
2007 201 86.6 3.3
2008 172 88.3 2.7
2009 196 89.9 3.1
2010 178 91.2 2.8
2011 137 92.2 2.1
2012 120 91.9 1.8
2013 104 90.9 1.6
2014 105 90.9 1.6
2015 106 91.5 1.6
2016 105 92.2 1.6

Table 11.3: Age-standardised exclusion rates per 1,000 Pasifika students, by decile (2016)
Decile Observed Exclusions Expected Exclusions Age-standardised Exclusion Rate Per 1,000 Students
Decile 1 34 28.7 1.7
Decile 2 14 12.9 1.5
Decile 3 14 12.4 1.6
Decile 4 21 7.9 3.7
Decile 5 2 5.2 0.5
Decile 6 8 5.7 2.0
Decile 7 6 6.5 1.3
Decile 8 3 6.4 0.7
Decile 9 2 4.1 0.7
Decile 10 0 2.0 0.0
New Zealand 105 92.2 1.6

Table 12.1: Age-standardised expulsion rates per 1,000 Pasifika students, by regional council (2016)
Regional Council Observed Expulsions Expected Expulsions Age-standardised Expulsion Rate per 1,000 Students
Northland Region 0.0 0.1 0.0
Auckland 33.0 8.3 4.4
Waikato Region 1.0 0.4 2.6
Bay of Plenty Region 0.0 0.2 0.0
Gisborne Region 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hawke's Bay Region 1.0 0.2 5.0
Taranaki Region 0.0 0.1 0.0
Manawatu-Wanganui Region 0.0 0.2 0.0
Wellington Region 0.0 1.3 0.0
Marlborough Region 0.0 0.1 0.0
Nelson Region 1.0 0.0 36.1
Tasman Region 0.0 0.0 0.0
West Coast Region 0.0 0.0 0.0
Canterbury Region 1.0 0.5 2.1
Otago Region 1.0 0.2 6.4
Southland Region 0.0 0.1 0.0
New Zealand38.011.93.6

Table 12.2: Age-standardised expulsion rates per 1,000 Pasifika students, by year (2000-2016)
Year Observed Expulsions Expected Expulsions Age-standardised Expulsion Rate Per 1,000 Students
2000 26 6.8 4.3
2001 26 6.8 4.3
2002 46 6.9 7.4
2003 30 7.3 4.6
2004 30 7.8 4.3
2005 38 8.5 5.0
2006 53 9.3 6.4
2007 32 9.7 3.7
2008 42 10.0 4.7
2009 39 10.8 4.1
2010 35 11.3 3.5
2011 34 11.3 3.4
2012 23 11.5 2.2
2013 26 11.6 2.5
2014 18 11.7 1.7
2015 32 11.6 3.1
2016 38 11.9 3.6

Table 12.3: Age-standardised expulsion rates per 1,000 Pasifika students, by decile (2016)
Decile Observed Expulsions Expected Expulsions Age-standardised Expulsion Rate Per 1,000 Students
Decile 1 19 3.5 6.1
Decile 2 3 1.3 2.5
Decile 3 7 1.9 4.2
Decile 4 2 1.1 2.1
Decile 5 1 0.6 1.9
Decile 6 1 0.9 1.3
Decile 7 2 0.8 2.7
Decile 8 0 0.9 0.0
Decile 9 0 0.6 0.0
Decile 10 2 0.2 9.8
New Zealand3811.93.6

Table 13.1: Proportion of schools with fair Pasifika representation, by regional council (2014)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Regional Council Total Pasifika
Northland Region 0.0%
Auckland Region 43.0%
Waikato Region 25.0%
Bay of Plenty Region 50.0%
Gisborne Region 50.0%
Hawkes Bay Region 22.2%
Manawatu-Wanganui Region 35.7%
Wellington Region 49.5%
Nelson Region 0.0%
Marlborough Region 0.0%
Canterbury Region 22.6%
Otago Region 45.5%
Southland Region 33.3%
New Zealand Total 40.5%

Table 13.2: Proportion of schools with fair Pasifika representation, by school gender (2014)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
School Gender Total Pasifika
Co-education 39.5%
Single sex-boys 63.6%
Single sex-girls 53.8%
New Zealand Total 40.5%

Table 13.3: Proportion of schools with fair Pasifika representation, by year (2000-2014)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Year Total Pasifika
2000 24.5%
2001 28.8%
2002 27.1%
2003 27.7%
2004 29.4%
2005 30.7%
2006 32.4%
2007 32.0%
2008 29.7%
2009 29.7%
2010 32.6%
2011 32.5%
2012 34.7%
2013 39.2%
2014 40.5%

Table 13.4: Proportion of schools with fair Pasifika representation, by quintile (2014)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Quintile Total Pasifika
Decile 1 44.6%
Decile 2 43.5%
Decile 3 30.3%
Decile 4 31.6%
Decile 5 39.5%
Decile 6 40.5%
Decile 7 57.1%
Decile 8 47.4%
Decile 9 46.2%
Decile 10 33.3%

Table 14.1: Enrolments and participation rate in qualifications levels 4 or above, enrolments by level of study (2014)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Enrolments by Level of Study Total Pasifika
Certificates 4 7,090
Diplomas 5-7 4,210
Bachelors 11,500
Honours/Postgraduate Certificates/Diplomas 1,120
Masters 600
Doctorates 176
Total 23,700

Table 14.2: Enrolments and participation rate in qualifications levels 4 or above, by level of study for pasifika aged 18-24 years (2014)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Level of Study Pasifika Aged 18-24 Years Participation Rate
Certificates 4 3,760 8.1%
Diplomas 5-7 1,910 4.1%
Bachelors 7,570 16.1%
Honours/Postgraduate Certificates/ Diplomas 420 0.3%
Masters 107 0.9%
Doctorates 5 0.0%
Total 13,200 28.4%

Table 14.3: Enrolments and participation rate in qualifications levels 4 or above, by gender (2014)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Gender Pasifika aged 18-24 years Participation Rate
Females 8,120 34.3%
Males 5,080 22.2%
Total 13,200 28.4%

Table 14.4: Enrolments and participation rate in qualifications levels 4 or above, enrolments by provider type (2014)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Enrolments by Provider Type Total Pasifika
University 10,700
Polytechnic 6,980
Wānanga 1,480
Public Provider 19,000
Private Training Establishment 4,930
Total 23,700

Table 14.5: Enrolments and participation rate in qualifications levels 4 or above, by year (2014)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Year Pasifika aged 18-24 years Participation Rate
2001 4,970 15.4%
2002 5,480 16.8%
2003 6,430 19.5%
2004 6,590 19.8%
2005 7,030 20.7%
2006 7,590 20.8%
2007 8,250 21.5%
2008 8,810 21.9%
2009 10,300 24.4%
2010 11,200 25.7%
2011 11,500 25.4%
2012 12,400 26.6%
2013 12,900 28.8%
2014 13,200 28.4%

Table 15.1: Pasifika first-year retention rate at levels 4 and above, level of study (2014)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Level of Study Retention Rate 2013-2014
Certificates 4 79.9%
Diplomas 5-7 75.5%
Bachelors Degrees 76.3%
Graduate Certificates/Diplomas 76.6%
Honours/Postgraduate Certificates/Diplomas 76.8%
Masters 83.0%
Doctorates 97.0%
Total Level 4 and Above 77.8%

Table 15.2: Pasifika first-year retention rate at levels 4 and above, retention rate for Level 4 and above (2004-2013)
Note:
  1. See technical notes for detailed notes relating to these data.
Year Retention Rate for Level 4 and Above
2004 67.7%
2005 67.1%
2006 70.0%
2007 69.1%
2008 72.0%
2009 75.1%
2010 73.4%
2011 77.3%
2012 78.0%
2013 77.8%

Table 16.1: Number of Pasifika enrolments and five-year completion rate at levels four or above, by level of study (2014)
Note:
  1. *Completion rate not calculated as there were fewer than 30 people in the cohort.
Level of Study Five-year Completion Rates
Certificates 4 75.1%
Diplomas 5-7 62.8%
Bachelors Degrees 52.6%
Graduate Certificates/Diplomas 83.3%
Honours/Postgraduate Certificates/Diplomas 72.4%
Masters 82.4%
Doctorates N/A*
Total Level 4 and Above 72.0%

Table 16.2: Number of Pasifika enrolments and five-year completion rate at levels four or above, by year (2014)
Note:
  1. *Completion rate not calculated as there were fewer than 30 people in the cohort.
Year Five-year Completion Rates (At All Qualification Levels)
2005 59.3%
2006 59.1%
2007 60.3%
2008 64.0%
2009 68.3%
2010 72.0%