Annual expenditure per student


Annual expenditure on primary and secondary educational institutions per student


Numerator: (Data Source: OECD: Education at a Glance)


Total annual expenditure on primary and secondary education institutions using purchasing power parities for GDP.

Denominator: (Data Source: Ministry of Education: July School Roll Return)


Total number of primary and secondary school students.


Interpretation Issues

Data refer to the 2013-2014 financial year and are based on the UOE data collection on education statistics administered by the OECD in 2015 (for details see Annex 3 at (Education at a Glance 2016). Only those educational institutions and programmes for which both enrolment and expenditure data are available are taken into account. Expenditure in national currency is converted into equivalent US dollars by dividing the national currency figure by the purchasing power parity (PPP) index for GDP. The PPP exchange rate is used because the market exchange rate is affected by many factors (interest rates, trade policies, expectations of economic growth, etc.) that have little to do with current relative domestic purchasing power in different OECD countries.

Public subsidies for students' living expenses have been excluded to ensure international comparability of the data. Expenditure data for students in private educational institutions are not available for certain OECD countries, and some other countries do not report complete data on independent private institutions. Where this is the case, only the expenditure on public and government-dependent private institutions has been taken into account. Note that variation in expenditure on education per student may reflect not only variation in the material resources provided to students (e.g. variations in the ratio of students to teaching staff) but also variation in relative salary levels.

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