Provision of early childhood education services

Table 1: Annual (month-on-month) percentage growth of number of licensed ECE services (excluding impact of mergers), by type and month
Month Education & Care Kindergarten Home-based Playcentre Te Kōhanga Reo Total
Jun-2001 5.6% 0.3% 7.7% -2.3% -3.1% 2.1%
Jul-2001 5.5% 0.3% 5.4% -2.5% -2.9% 1.9%
Aug-2001 5.6% 0.2% 0.5% -2.5% -2.9% 1.7%
Sep-2001 5.5% 0.2% -0.5% -2.9% -2.6% 1.6%
Oct-2001 5.5% 0.2% 0.0% -3.3% -2.6% 1.5%
Nov-2001 5.8% 0.3% 0.0% -3.3% -3.1% 1.6%
Dec-2001 5.4% 0.5% 5.2% -3.5% -2.9% 1.7%
Jan-2002 5.5% 0.5% 5.7% -3.5% -2.9% 1.9%
Feb-2002 5.0% 0.5% 7.7% -2.9% -2.3% 1.9%
Mar-2002 5.3% 0.7% 7.2% -3.1% -2.3% 2.0%
Apr-2002 5.1% 0.5% 6.6% -3.1% -2.4% 1.8%
May-2002 4.3% 0.5% 5.1% -3.1% -2.3% 1.5%
Jun-2002 4.6% 0.3% 6.2% -2.9% -2.5% 1.6%
Jul-2002 4.6% 0.3% 7.7% -2.9% -2.3% 1.8%
Aug-2002 4.6% 0.3% 10.3% -3.1% -2.5% 1.9%
Sep-2002 4.6% 0.3% 10.9% -2.7% -2.5% 2.0%
Oct-2002 4.4% 0.5% 10.3% -2.2% -2.3% 2.0%
Nov-2002 3.9% 0.5% 11.3% -2.4% -2.3% 1.8%
Dec-2002 4.1% 0.5% 6.4% -2.6% -2.3% 1.6%
Jan-2003 3.5% 0.5% 4.9% -2.6% -2.9% 1.2%
Feb-2003 3.8% 0.5% 2.9% -3.0% -3.6% 1.1%
Mar-2003 3.5% 0.5% 2.9% -2.8% -3.6% 1.0%
Apr-2003 3.4% 0.5% 3.4% -2.6% -3.5% 1.1%
May-2003 3.6% 0.5% 5.9% -2.6% -2.7% 1.4%
Jun-2003 3.6% 0.5% 6.0% -2.4% -2.7% 1.4%
Jul-2003 3.4% 0.5% 3.9% -2.2% -2.8% 1.3%
Aug-2003 3.4% 0.5% 4.3% -2.2% -2.6% 1.4%
Sep-2003 3.5% 0.3% 4.3% -2.2% -2.6% 1.4%
Oct-2003 3.4% 0.3% 4.8% -2.4% -2.8% 1.3%
Nov-2003 3.6% 0.3% 2.9% -2.2% -2.2% 1.4%
Dec-2003 3.1% 0.3% 1.9% -1.4% -2.2% 1.2%
Jan-2004 3.4% 0.3% 3.9% -1.2% -1.7% 1.6%
Feb-2004 3.2% 0.3% 3.9% -0.4% -1.3% 1.7%
Mar-2004 3.2% 0.3% 3.4% -0.4% -0.9% 1.7%
Apr-2004 3.8% 0.3% 2.9% -0.4% -0.9% 1.9%
May-2004 3.5% 0.3% 1.4% -0.4% -1.1% 1.6%
Jun-2004 3.5% 0.3% 1.4% -0.2% -0.9% 1.7%
Jul-2004 2.8% 0.3% 1.4% 0.2% -0.8% 1.4%
Aug-2004 2.5% 0.3% 0.9% 0.4% -0.8% 1.3%
Sep-2004 2.1% 0.3% 1.9% 0.4% -1.1% 1.1%
Oct-2004 2.0% 0.3% 0.9% 0.6% -1.0% 1.0%
Nov-2004 2.1% 0.2% 3.8% 0.6% -1.0% 1.2%
Dec-2004 2.7% 0.2% 5.7% 0.8% -1.0% 1.7%
Jan-2005 2.2% 0.2% 4.3% 1.0% -1.0% 1.4%
Feb-2005 1.9% 0.2% 2.8% 0.8% -0.8% 1.2%
Mar-2005 2.2% 0.2% 4.3% 0.6% -1.0% 1.4%
Apr-2005 2.0% 0.2% 4.3% 0.6% -1.6% 1.2%
May-2005 2.1% 0.3% 4.8% 0.4% -1.8% 1.3%
Jun-2005 2.2% 0.3% 4.3% 0.2% -1.6% 1.3%
Jul-2005 2.3% 0.3% 3.9% -0.2% -1.6% 1.3%
Aug-2005 2.5% 0.3% 0.0% -0.4% -1.6% 1.1%
Sep-2005 2.5% 0.3% 0.5% -0.4% -1.2% 1.1%
Oct-2005 2.5% 0.3% 1.4% -0.2% -1.6% 1.1%
Nov-2005 2.5% 0.3% 0.0% -0.2% -1.6% 1.1%
Dec-2005 2.9% 0.2% -1.4% -0.2% -2.2% 1.1%
Jan-2006 3.0% 0.2% 0.0% -0.4% -2.2% 1.2%
Feb-2006 3.9% 0.2% 1.4% -0.8% -2.2% 1.6%
Mar-2006 3.9% 0.2% 0.9% -0.8% -2.2% 1.5%
Apr-2006 4.0% 0.2% 1.4% -0.8% -1.8% 1.7%
May-v06 4.2% 0.0% 0.9% -0.6% -1.8% 1.8%
Jun-2006 4.6% 0.0% 5.1% -0.4% -2.0% 2.2%
Jul-2006 5.3% 0.0% 6.2% -0.6% -2.2% 2.5%
Aug-2006 5.6% 0.0% 7.7% -0.4% -2.4% 2.8%
Sep-2006 6.0% 0.0% 6.2% -0.4% -2.4% 2.9%
Oct-2006 6.0% -0.3% 6.7% -0.8% -2.0% 2.9%
Nov-2006 6.0% -0.3% 6.2% -0.8% -2.2% 2.8%
Dec-2006 5.5% -0.2% 7.6% -1.2% -1.6% 2.7%
Jan-2007 5.4% -0.2% 7.5% -1.2% -1.8% 2.6%
Feb-2007 4.7% -0.2% 9.4% -1.5% -2.2% 2.3%
Mar-2007 4.7% 0.0% 8.9% -1.7% -2.0% 2.3%
Apr-2007 5.0% -0.2% 9.3% -2.1% -2.2% 2.4%
May-2007 5.1% 0.0% 10.7% -2.3% -2.6% 2.5%
Jun-2007 5.0% 0.0% 8.1% -2.3% -2.4% 2.3%
Jul-2007 4.7% 0.0% 9.0% -2.1% -2.2% 2.3%
Aug-2007 4.5% 0.0% 10.4% -2.1% -2.0% 2.3%
Sep-2007 4.3% 0.0% 11.8% -2.1% -2.0% 2.3%
Oct-2007 4.8% 0.2% 10.8% -1.9% -2.0% 2.5%
Nov-2007 5.1% 0.3% 10.8% -1.9% -1.8% 2.7%
Dec-2007 5.5% 0.2% 8.9% -1.7% -1.6% 2.8%
Jan-2008 5.7% 0.3% 8.4% -1.7% -1.6% 2.9%
Feb-2008 6.1% 0.3% 8.3% -1.3% -1.4% 3.3%
Mar-2008 6.3% 0.2% 9.1% -0.8% -1.4% 3.5%
Apr-2008 6.1% 0.3% 9.9% -0.6% -1.0% 3.6%
May-2008 6.2% 0.3% 11.6% -0.2% -0.2% 3.9%
Jun-2008 6.2% 0.3% 10.6% -0.2% -0.2% 3.9%
Jul-2008 6.5% 0.3% 11.0% -0.6% -0.4% 3.9%
Aug-2008 6.7% 0.3% 11.7% -0.6% -0.4% 4.1%
Sep-2008 7.2% 0.3% 11.6% -0.9% -0.6% 4.3%
Oct-2008 7.9% 0.3% 16.1% -0.9% -0.6% 5.0%
Nov-2008 8.0% 0.2% 22.8% -0.9% -0.6% 5.5%
Dec-2008 8.2% 0.3% 23.3% -1.1% -1.0% 5.6%
Jan-2009 8.4% 0.0% 23.2% -1.1% -1.3% 5.6%
Feb-2009 8.4% 0.0% 22.4% -1.1% -1.5% 5.6%
Mar-2009 8.6% 0.0% 22.7% -1.1% -1.5% 5.7%
Apr-2009 8.7% 0.0% 21.5% -0.9% -1.7% 5.7%
May-2009 9.0% -0.2% 19.8% -1.1% -2.1% 5.7%
Jun-2009 9.8% -0.2% 20.5% -1.1% -2.1% 6.1%
Jul-2009 10.6% -0.2% 21.0% -0.9% -1.9% 6.6%
Aug-2009 11.0% -0.2% 20.6% -0.9% -1.9% 6.9%
Sep-2009 10.8% -0.2% 21.6% -0.4% -1.7% 6.9%
Oct-2009 9.7% 0.0% 19.3% -0.2% -1.7% 6.3%
Nov-2009 9.0% 0.0% 14.9% -0.2% -1.7% 5.7%
Dec-2009 9.2% 0.0% 16.2% 0.4% -1.7% 6.0%
Jan-2010 9.7% 0.3% 15.5% 0.4% -1.5% 6.3%
Feb-2010 9.6% 0.5% 14.0% 0.2% -1.1% 6.2%
Mar-2010 9.4% 0.6% 13.2% 0.2% -1.1% 6.0%
Apr-2010 9.2% 0.8% 10.5% 0.4% -0.8% 5.8%
May-2010 8.7% 1.0% 8.7% 0.4% -0.6% 5.5%
Jun-2010 8.2% 1.0% 7.5% 0.2% -0.6% 5.1%
Jul-2010 6.9% 1.0% 5.1% 0.0% -0.6% 4.3%
Aug-2010 6.6% 1.0% 1.9% 0.0% -0.6% 3.9%
Sep-2010 6.5% 1.0% 0.9% -0.2% -0.6% 3.7%
Oct-2010 6.5% 0.8% -2.7% -0.4% -0.4% 3.5%
Nov-2010 6.8% 0.8% -4.5% -0.4% -0.4% 3.5%
Dec-2010 6.5% 0.8% -5.3% -0.6% 0.0% 3.3%
Jan-2011 6.1% 0.8% -4.7% -0.6% 0.2% 3.2%
Feb-2011 5.8% 0.6% -4.7% -0.2% 0.2% 3.0%
Mar-2011 5.9% 0.5% -5.0% -0.2% 0.2% 3.0%
Apr-2011 5.5% 0.3% -2.4% -0.4% 0.2% 2.9%
May-2011 5.3% 0.2% -1.5% -0.4% 0.6% 2.9%
Jun-2011 5.1% 0.3% -0.6% -0.2% 0.6% 3.0%
Jul-2011 5.1% 0.5% -0.6% -0.2% 0.6% 3.0%
Aug-2011 4.6% 0.5% 1.2% -0.2% 0.6% 2.8%
Sep-2011 4.7% 0.5% 1.5% 0.2% 0.4% 2.9%
Oct-2011 4.6% 0.5% 5.0% 0.4% 0.2% 3.1%
Nov-2011 4.4% 0.5% 5.3% 0.4% 0.2% 3.0%
Dec-2011 4.1% 0.5% 5.9% 0.4% 0.2% 2.8%
Jan-2012 4.0% 0.3% 6.9% 0.4% 0.2% 2.8%
Feb-2012 4.0% 0.3% 8.1% 0.2% 0.4% 2.9%
Mar-2012 3.6% 0.3% 7.8% 0.2% 0.4% 2.7%
Apr-2012 3.7% 0.5% 8.4% -0.2% 0.6% 2.8%
May-2012 3.6% 0.6% 8.0% -0.7% 0.2% 2.7%
Jun-2012 3.1% 0.5% 7.6% -1.1% 0.2% 2.3%
Jul-2012 3.3% 0.3% 8.6% -0.7% 0.2% 2.5%
Aug-2012 3.3% 0.3% 9.2% -0.9% 0.4% 2.6%
Sep-2012 3.1% 0.5% 9.7% -1.3% 0.6% 2.5%
Oct-2012 3.5% 0.5% 8.7% -1.5% 0.6% 2.6%
Nov-2012 3.5% 0.5% 8.1% -1.7% 0.9% 2.6%
Dec-2012 3.7% 0.5% 7.1% -1.7% 0.9% 2.6%
Jan-2013 3.4% 0.5% 5.0% -1.7% 0.6% 2.2%
Feb-2013 3.7% 0.5% 4.3% -1.9% 0.4% 2.3%
Mar-2013 3.6% 0.5% 4.7% -1.9% 0.6% 2.3%
Apr-2013 3.5% 0.2% 3.7% -2.0% 0.4% 2.1%
May-2013 3.7% 0.0% 3.4% -1.7% 0.4% 2.2%
Jun-2013 3.9% 0.0% 3.1% -1.3% 0.6% 2.3%
Jul-2013 3.9% 0.2% 3.7% -1.5% 0.6% 2.3%
Aug-2013 3.7% 0.2% 3.9% -1.1% 0.2% 2.3%
Sep-2013 3.8% 0.0% 3.6% -1.1% 0.2% 2.2%
Oct-2013 3.4% 0.0% 3.9% -1.1% 0.2% 2.1%
Nov-2013 3.3% 0.0% 4.1% -1.3% 0.0% 2.0%
Dec-2013 3.3% 0.2% 3.6% -1.5% 0.0% 2.0%

Table 2: Annual (month-on-month) percentage growth of number of licensed ECE services (excluding impact of mergers) per 1,000 0-4 year-olds (age-weighted), by month
Month Licensed ECE Services Age-weighted 0-4 year-old Population Services Per Age-weighted Population
Jun-2001 2.1% -0.8% 2.9%
Jul-2001 1.9% -0.7% 2.6%
Aug-2001 1.7% -0.6% 2.3%
Sep-2001 1.6% -0.5% 2.1%
Oct-2001 1.5% -0.5% 2.0%
Nov-2001 1.6% -0.4% 2.0%
Dec-2001 1.7% -0.4% 2.1%
Jan-2002 1.9% -0.1% 2.0%
Feb-2002 1.9% 0.2% 1.7%
Mar-2002 2.0% 0.5% 1.6%
Apr-2002 1.8% 0.4% 1.4%
May-2002 1.5% 0.4% 1.1%
Jun-2002 1.6% 0.3% 1.3%
Jul-2002 1.8% 0.3% 1.5%
Aug-2002 1.9% 0.3% 1.6%
Sep-2002 2.0% 0.3% 1.6%
Oct-2002 2.0% 0.3% 1.7%
Nov-2002 1.8% 0.3% 1.5%
Dec-2002 1.6% 0.3% 1.3%
Jan-2003 1.2% 0.2% 0.9%
Feb-2003 1.1% 0.2% 0.9%
Mar-2003 1.0% 0.1% 0.9%
Apr-2003 1.1% 0.1% 1.0%
May-2003 1.4% 0.1% 1.3%
Jun-2003 1.4% 0.2% 1.3%
Jul-2003 1.3% 0.2% 1.1%
Aug-2003 1.4% 0.3% 1.1%
Sep-2003 1.4% 0.3% 1.1%
Oct-2003 1.3% 0.4% 0.9%
Nov-2003 1.4% 0.6% 0.9%
Dec-2003 1.2% 0.7% 0.5%
Jan-2004 1.6% 0.8% 0.8%
Feb-2004 1.7% 0.9% 0.8%
Mar-2004 1.7% 1.0% 0.7%
Apr-2004 1.9% 0.9% 1.0%
May-2004 1.6% 0.8% 0.8%
Jun-2004 1.7% 0.8% 0.9%
Jul- 2004 1.4% 0.7% 0.7%
Aug-2004 1.3% 0.6% 0.6%
Sep-2004 1.1% 0.6% 0.5%
Oct-2004 1.0% 0.4% 0.6%
Nov-2004 1.2% 0.3% 1.0%
Dec-2004 1.7% 0.1% 1.6%
Jan-2005 1.4% -0.1% 1.5%
Feb-2005 1.2% -0.3% 1.5%
Mar-2005 1.4% -0.5% 1.9%
Apr-2005 1.2% -0.6% 1.8%
May-2005 1.3% -0.6% 1.9%
Jun-2005 1.3% -0.7% 2.0%
Jul-2005 1.3% -0.7% 2.0%
Aug-2005 1.1% -0.8% 1.9%
Sep-2005 1.1% -0.8% 1.9%
Oct-2005 1.1% -0.8% 1.9%
Nov-2005 1.1% -0.8% 1.9%
Dec-2005 1.1% -0.7% 1.8%
Jan-2006 1.2% -0.7% 1.9%
Feb-2006 1.6% -0.6% 2.2%
Mar-2006 1.5% -0.5% 2.1%
Apr-2006 1.7% -0.4% 2.1%
May-2006 1.8% -0.3% 2.1%
Jun-2006 2.2% -0.1% 2.4%
Jul-2006 2.5% 0.0% 2.5%
Aug-2006 2.8% 0.1% 2.6%
Sep-2006 2.9% 0.3% 2.6%
Oct-2006 2.9% 0.4% 2.5%
Nov-2006 2.8% 0.5% 2.3%
Dec-2006 2.7% 0.6% 2.1%
Jan-2007 2.6% 0.9% 1.8%
Feb-2007 2.3% 1.1% 1.2%
Mar-2007 2.3% 1.3% 1.0%
Apr-2007 2.4% 1.5% 0.9%
May-2007 2.5% 1.6% 0.9%
Jun-2007 2.3% 1.7% 0.6%
Jul-2007 2.3% 1.8% 0.5%
Aug-2007 2.3% 1.9% 0.4%
Sep-2007 2.3% 1.9% 0.3%
Oct-2007 2.5% 2.0% 0.5%
Nov-2007 2.7% 2.0% 0.6%
Dec-2007 2.8% 2.1% 0.8%
Jan-2008 2.9% 2.1% 0.9%
Feb-2008 3.3% 2.1% 1.2%
Mar-2008 3.5% 2.0% 1.4%
Apr-2008 3.6% 2.0% 1.5%
May-2008 3.9% 2.1% 1.8%
Jun-2008 3.9% 2.1% 1.8%
Jul-2008 3.9% 2.1% 1.8%
Aug-2008 4.1% 2.1% 1.9%
Sep-2008 4.3% 2.2% 2.1%
Oct-2008 5.0% 2.1% 2.8%
Nov-2008 5.5% 2.1% 3.3%
Dec-2008 5.6% 2.1% 3.4%
Jan-2009 5.6% 2.1% 3.5%
Feb-2009 5.6% 2.1% 3.4%
Mar-2009 5.7% 2.0% 3.6%
Apr-2009 5.7% 2.0% 3.6%
May-2009 5.7% 2.0% 3.6%
Jun-2009 6.1% 2.1% 4.0%
Jul-2009 6.6% 2.1% 4.5%
Aug-2009 6.9% 2.1% 4.7%
Sep-2009 6.9% 2.2% 4.7%
Oct-2009 6.3% 2.3% 3.9%
Nov-2009 5.7% 2.4% 3.2%
Dec-2009 6.0% 2.6% 3.3%
Jan-2010 6.3% 2.6% 3.6%
Feb-2010 6.2% 2.6% 3.5%
Mar-2010 6.0% 2.6% 3.3%
Apr-2010 5.8% 2.7% 3.1%
May-2010 5.5% 2.7% 2.7%
Jun-2010 5.1% 2.8% 2.3%
Jul-2010 4.3% 2.7% 1.5%
Aug-2010 3.9% 2.7% 1.2%
Sep-2010 3.7% 2.7% 1.0%
Oct-2010 3.5% 2.6% 0.8%
Nov-2010 3.5% 2.6% 0.9%
Dec-2010 3.3% 2.5% 0.8%
Jan-2011 3.2% 2.4% 0.7%
Feb-2011 3.0% 2.4% 0.6%
Mar-2011 3.0% 2.4% 0.6%
Apr-2011 2.9% 2.2% 0.7%
May-2011 2.9% 2.1% 0.8%
Jun-2011 3.0% 1.9% 1.0%
Jul-2011 3.0% 1.9% 1.1%
Aug-2011 2.8% 1.8% 1.0%
Sep-2011 2.9% 1.7% 1.2%
Oct-2011 3.1% 1.6% 1.5%
Nov-2011 3.0% 1.4% 1.6%
Dec-2011 2.8% 1.3% 1.6%
Jan-2012 2.8% 1.1% 1.7%
Feb-2012 2.9% 0.9% 2.0%
Mar-2012 2.7% 0.6% 2.1%
Apr-2012 2.8% 0.4% 2.4%
May-2012 2.7% 0.2% 2.4%
Jun-2012 2.3% 0.0% 2.3%
Jul-2012 2.5% -0.2% 2.7%
Aug-2012 2.6% -0.4% 3.0%
Sep-2012 2.5% -0.6% 3.1%
Oct-2012 2.6% -0.8% 3.4%
Nov-2012 2.6% -0.9% 3.5%
Dec-2012 2.6% -1.0% 3.7%
Jan-2013 2.2% -1.1% 3.4%
Feb-2013 2.3% -1.2% 3.5%
Mar-2013 2.3% -1.2% 3.6%
Apr-2013 2.1% -1.2% 3.3%
May-2013 2.2% -1.2% 3.4%
Jun-2013 2.3% -1.2% 3.5%
Jul-2013 2.3% -1.2% 3.5%
Aug-2013 2.3% -1.1% 3.4%
Sep-2013 2.2% -1.1% 3.4%
Oct-2013 2.1% -1.0% 3.1%
Nov-2013 2.0% -0.9% 2.9%
Dec-2013 2.0% -0.8% 2.8%

Table 3: Percent of services with waiting times of different lengths, by service type and year of age (June 2013)
Service Type and Length of Wait Under
1 Year
1 year 2 years 3 years 4 years
Education & Care Services
Over 6 months wait 8.3% 8.8% 12.0% 10.8% 10.5%
Over 1 month and up to 6 months wait 21.5% 22.1% 22.3% 22.4% 21.9%
Up to 1 month wait 12.4% 12.1% 11.7% 13.3% 14.1%
No wait 57.8% 56.9% 53.9% 53.5% 53.5%
Kindergartens
Over 6 months wait - - - 10.6% 0.8%
Over 1 month and up to 6 months wait - - - 45.6% 36.9%
Up to 1 month wait - - - 21.2% 38.1%
No wait - - - 22.6% 24.2%
Home-based Services
Over 6 months wait 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3%
Over 1 month and up to 6 months wait 2.9% 2.9% 2.6% 2.9% 2.9%
Up to 1 month wait 8.0% 7.8% 6.0% 5.5% 5.5%
No wait 88.8% 89.1% 91.1% 91.4% 91.4%
Playcentres
Over 6 months wait 0.4% 0.4% 0.4% 0.7% 0.7%
Over 1 month and up to 6 months wait 4.5% 4.5% 4.3% 4.0% 4.0%
Up to 1 month wait 3.1% 2.9% 2.7% 2.7% 2.7%
No wait 91.9% 92.2% 92.6% 92.6% 92.6%

Table 4: Average percent of services with waiting times, by service type and year (30 June)

Note:

  1. (*3-4 year-olds only for kindergartens)
Service Type 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Education & Care 53.5% 52.0% 52.7% 59.3% 60.4% 68.9% 75.4% 63.3% 58.7% 51.3% 47.3% 45.8%
Kindergarten* 85.1% 81.8% 86.0% 83.9% 78.7% 82.8% 77.1% 78.6% 80.7% 82.2% 76.5% 76.4%
Home-based 19.7% 16.0% 19.3% 19.5% 17.3% 22.5% 29.1% 25.2% 22.2% 15.9% 11.8% 9.5%
Playcentre 15.6% 17.2% 16.8% 14.9% 15.9% 14.2% 17.3% 14.0% 15.3% 12.5% 10.6% 7.6%
Weighted total 53.4% 51.6% 53.1% 56.7% 56.3% 62.8% 66.7% 58.7% 56.0% 50.8% 46.7% 45.2%

Table 5: Percent of education and care services with waiting times, by age group and year (30 June)
Education &
Care Services
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
0-1 year 57.2% 54.1% 55.2% 62.8% 62.6% 68.8% 76.4% 59.3% 53.2% 45.9% 43.6% 42.9%
2-4 years 52.7% 51.5% 52.2% 58.5% 60.0% 68.9% 75.2% 64.1% 59.9% 52.4% 48.1% 46.4%