International Student Enrolments in New Zealand 2001-2007
This report summarises the publicly available data, from four main sources, on enrolments of international students within New Zealand education provider sectors from 2001 to 2007. Summary information is also stated on the numbers of approved student visas and permits for the calendar years 2001 to 2007.
Author(s): International Division, Ministry of Education.
Date Published: June 2008
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Section 4: International tertiary enrolments by qualification level
The tertiary Single Data Return (SDR) system operated by the Ministry of Education allows for detailed extraction of data on the enrolments of international students in public and private tertiary education providers, according to their qualification level. Table 11 presents the trend in international enrolments since 2001 (note – due to classification differences, this data is not directly comparable with the Export Education Levy information stated in the Appendices).
It is apparent that growth in international tertiary enrolments from 2001 to 2002 was driven by a 53 percent increase in certificate enrolments; subsequently, growth until 2004 was based on a 203 percent increase in diploma and a 169 percent increase in undergraduate enrolments. Since the peak in 2002 there has been a 54 percent decline in certificate enrolments, and (since 2004) a 40 percent fall in diploma enrolments.
Chart 5: Proportion of international enrolments by qualification level
International postgraduate studies have slowly risen over time as a proportion of all international tertiary enrolments, at 9 percent in 2000 and just over 12 percent in 2007. There was a marked increase in international doctorate (PhD) enrolments from 2005 to 2007 (rising from 693 to 1,522 students), however this was partly balanced by a reduction in international Masters enrolments from 2,082 to 1,762. As noted earlier, the increase in PhD studies can largely be attributed to the 'domestic fees status for new international PhD students' policy introduced from 2006.
Table 12 shows there were substantial variations in the profile of qualifications enrolments according to the regional origins of international students. In 2007 the great majority of international tertiary students came from Asia (73 percent), followed by Europe (10 percent) and North America (7 percent). Most Asian enrolments were in undergraduate courses (47 percent), as were most North American enrolments (61 percent). European enrolments had the highest proportion of participation in postgraduate courses (28 percent).
A comparison with New Zealand tertiary enrolments in 2007 shows that, overall, international enrolments were much more focused on undergraduate studies (45 percent vs 26 percent), and had a substantially higher proportion of postgraduate enrolments (12 percent vs 7 percent). International tertiary students made up just over 8 percent of all tertiary students in New Zealand during 2007.
|Europe||Middle East||North America||Pacific||New Zealand|
|% of Students||1%||73%||1%||10%||2%||7%||5%|
Chart 6: Proportion of course enrolments by region of origin, 2007