International Student Enrolments in New Zealand 2004-2010
This report is the latest in a series of annual summaries of the publicly available data, from three main sources, on the number of enrolments of international students with New Zealand education providers.
Author(s): International Division, Ministry of Education.
Date Published: April 2011
This report is available as a download (please refer to the 'Downloads' inset box). To view the individual chapters please refer to the 'Sections' inset box. For links to related publications/ information that may be of interest please refer to the 'Where to Find Out More' inset box.
Section 2: International enrolments by origin
The information on enrolments can be disaggregated by the reported origins of the students, as shown in Table 2 and Chart 2. From 2006 the Export Education Levy system has requested information from providers on the nationalities of their students. The total figures are also slightly different because this data counts students, not enrolments (that is, some students enrol more than once with different providers).
The key trends evident over the five years since 2006 have been the falls in enrolments of Chinese and Japanese students. These trends have been counter-balanced by rapid rises in enrolments of students from India and the Middle East, and to a lesser extent of students from Europe, Latin America and South East Asia.
|South East Asia||7,216||7,660||7,662||8,535||9,328||29%|
China includes the Hong Kong SAR. South East Asia is Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, Cambodia, Singapore, Philippines, & Indonesia. Europe is Germany, France, Spain, Switzerland, Czech Republic, United Kingdom, Russia, & Italy. Latin America is Brazil, Chile, Colombia & Mexico. North America is a total for the USA & Canada. Middle East is Saudi Arabia, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates.
The relative decline in Chinese interest in New Zealand education up until 2009 has usually been ascribed to intensified competition from other countries for Chinese students (notably from Australia, the USA, Great Britain, and Canada), a greatly increased provision of higher education opportunities in China itself, and changes in the value of the New Zealand dollar. Chart 2 presents a graphical representation of the overall changes in student flows from 2006 to 2010.
Chart 2: Enrolments of international students, by origin
In 2006 the 'top three' source countries (China, Japan and South Korea) made up 66% of all enrolments, a proportion which reduced to 47% during 2010. The increasing proportion of enrolments from India and the Middle East is apparent in Chart 3.
Chart 3: Proportion of total international enrolments, by origin
Chart 4 shows the relative importance of the 'top 5' source countries – China, South Korea, India, Japan, and Saudi Arabia – for each of the education provider groups in 2010. It is apparent that, for example, South Korea, China and Japan are key sources of students for schools, with 60% of all students coming from these three nations. Students from India and China are key source markets for the polytechnics, each making up 26% of international enrolments with these providers. Chinese students made up 30% of international enrolments in the eight universities.