NZSCED Narrow Fields of Study

A breakdown of the main classifications categories under the New Zealand Standard Classification of Education (NZSCED).

Narrow Fields of StudyUpdated: Dec-2014

01 NATURAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES

0101 Mathematical Sciences

Mathematical Sciences is the study of abstract deductive systems, numerical facts, data and their applications. Skills learned include: analysing and developing mathematical systems and theories, using systematic methods to prove theorems and to construct, analyse and interpret mathematical models, applying mathematical methods to problem solving. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of symbolic language and logic, mathematical theories and their deductive systems, techniques and modelling, and random processes and the ability to apply mathematical methods and modelling techniques to practical problems.

0103 Physics and Astronomy

Physics is the study of the laws governing the states and properties of matter and energy. Astronomy is the study of the celestial bodies, their positions, motions, distances and physical conditions, and their origins and evolution. Skills learned include: applying knowledge of physical laws to practical problems, analysing and interpreting data resulting from experiments to test theories and hypotheses, applying appropriate laboratory techniques and procedures to research. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the fundamental properties of the universe and the laws which govern their behaviour and to assess and validate physical phenomena to reach conclusions and determine further areas of investigation, and to present these in written and oral form.

0105 Chemical Sciences

Chemistry is the study of the composition, structure, and the chemical transformations of matter. Skills learned include: applying knowledge of the fundamental properties of elements, compounds and their reactions, the ability to identify the compositional and energy changes resulting from chemical reactions, using modern chemical instrumentation for the structural analysis of chemicals, testing techniques and processes under a variety of conditions to ascertain reliability. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the fundamental properties of elements, compounds and materials, and their reactions and transformations. It also involves developing an ability to assess and validate chemical phenomena to reach conclusions and determine further areas of investigation, and to present these in written and oral form.

0107 Earth Sciences

Earth Sciences is the study of the nature, composition and structure of the earth including its atmosphere and hydrosphere. Skills learned include: analysing the structure, composition and evolution of the earth, including its atmosphere and hydrosphere, identifying and classifying crystals, rocks, minerals and fossils, analysing, interpreting and preparing geological maps and cross-sections, using geological instruments and field techniques for geological purposes. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the physical properties of the earth's crust and the characteristics of its soil, landforms, hydrosphere and atmosphere. It also involves developing an ability to assess and validate these phenomena, to reach conclusions and determine further areas of investigation, and to present these in written and oral form.

0109 Biological Sciences

Biological Sciences is the study of the structure, function, reproduction, growth, evolution and behaviour of living organisms. Skills learned include: examining cells and tissue to determine their structure and function, preparing specimens for examination using a variety of techniques, applying appropriate laboratory and field study techniques and procedures to research, analysing and interpreting biological data resulting from experiments to test theories and hypotheses, analysing the factors effecting the growth and reproduction of living organisms. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the genetics and physiology of living organisms and of the relationship of living organisms to one another as well as the physical environment. It also involves developing an understanding of the principles and techniques of scientific research and their application in a laboratory or in the field and the ability to assess and validate biological data to reach conclusions and determine further areas of investigation.

0199 Other Natural and Physical Sciences

Other Natural and Physical Sciences is the study of all Natural and Physical Sciences not included elsewhere.

02 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

0201 Computer Science

Computer Science is the study of the design, and development of computer systems. Skills learned include: recognising various languages and the identification of unsolvable problems, analysis of algorithms, functions, number handling and computation stability, data types and structures, developing computer applications, understanding multimedia technologies. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of computer languages and the foundation of computational theory.

0203 Information Systems

Information Systems is the study of information flow, data capture, information systems design and specification, and user interface design. Skills learned include: systems theory, conceptual modelling, information systems analysis, information systems management and database systems design, database management. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop the ability to analyse, design and manage information systems.

0299 Other Information Technology

Other Information Technology is the study of all Information Technology not included elsewhere.

03 ENGINEERING AND RELATED TECHNOLOGIES

0301 Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology

Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology is the study of the planning, organising and operation of manufacturing methods, processes, facilities and systems. Skills learned include: analysing the effects of stresses and strains on machinery, plant and equipment, operating mechanical systems to produce a product, maintaining mechanical systems, designing and drafting mechanical components, undertaking materials investigation and analysis. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the selection and design of tooling for machining, pressing, plating, assembly and other processes, the design, selection and development of manufacturing processes and systems, and the planning, control and management of production functions. It also involves developing an ability to use new or existing machinery or equipment.

0303 Process and Resources Engineering

Process and Resources Engineering is the study of locating, assaying and extracting minerals from the earth, refining metals, and producing and analysing the properties of alloys, ceramics, polymers and other materials. It also includes developing and implementing extraction and treatment procedures and designing chemical plants and control systems. Skills learned include: analysing the structure, composition and properties of materials, developing techniques for producing and processing materials, applying chemical and metallurgical techniques to the commercial production of metals and alloys, applying the principles and practices of management and safety to the efficient operation of mines, developing methods of controlling gas and oil extraction, surveying, designing and constructing mines, surveying mineral deposits to assess the economic feasibility of mining, applying mathematical principles of modelling and optimisation to the design of chemical processes, preparing feasibility studies and costings of processes. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the theory and technology of metallurgical and mining engineering, the extraction, processing and refinement of minerals, the treatment and manufacture of metals, alloys, ceramics, polymers and other materials, and the management, regulatory and safety aspects of production. It also involves developing the ability to organise, co-ordinate and maintain mining and processing operations.

0305 Automotive Engineering and Technology

Automotive Engineering and Technology is the study of planning, designing, developing, producing and maintaining motor vehicles including earth moving equipment, motor cycles and small engines. Skills learned include: designing and developing motor vehicles, earth moving equipment, small engines and their components, interpreting and applying standards to the design of motor vehicles and components, testing and evaluating vehicle performance and safety, diagnosing faults in, servicing and repairing automotive systems and components, utilising the structural properties of materials for vehicle building. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the theory and practice of the design, production and functioning of motor vehicles, vehicle body building, repair, painting and trimming and maintaining and repairing motor vehicles, earth moving plant, motor cycles and small engines. It also involves developing an ability to organise, cost and complete the tasks required in the design, construction and maintenance of motor vehicles.

0307 Mechanical and Industrial Engineering and Technology

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering and Technology is the study of planning, designing, developing, producing and maintaining machines, mechanical plants and systems, and metal products. It includes designing and maintaining machines, which generate energy, produce goods and services, control pollution, dispose of waste, and move goods and materials. Skills learned include: analysing the effects of stresses and strains on machinery, plant and equipment, designing and drafting mechanical components, undertaking materials investigation and analysis, reading and interpreting blueprints and specifications in order to determine dimensions and tolerances of articles. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of planning, designing, installing, maintaining and repairing plant, machinery and tools and an understanding of fabricating, casting and welding metals. It also involves developing an ability to organise, co-ordinate and complete these tasks.

0309 Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering is the study of planning, designing, testing and directing the construction of large scale buildings, structures, transport systems, water supply, pollution control and sewerage systems. It includes economic, functional and environmental considerations in the design and construction. Skills learned include: analysing the composition and strength of various engineering materials, analysing sites and applying the principles of soil mechanics to determine construction methods, applying the principles of fluid mechanics and hydraulics to the design and construction of watercourses and dams, designing civil engineering projects, preparing and interpreting specifications, drawings and plans. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the theory and technology of civil engineering and their application to the construction process, the effects of soils, water and stress on structures and the environmental impact of civil engineering projects. It also involves developing an ability to design, organise and co-ordinate civil engineering projects.

0311 Geomatic Engineering

Geomatic Engineering is the study of measuring and graphically representing natural and constructed features of the environment. Skills learned include: researching existing records and maps to assist in determining survey requirements, measuring, reducing and adjusting data for various types of surveys, using surveying instruments to determine the position of points on the earth's surface, developing and applying survey and design procedures for preparing survey plans, using techniques such as remote sensing, photogrammetry and land information systems to prepare maps, preparing, editing and revising maps and charts and preparing them for reproduction and publication. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of cadastral law, the theory and technology of surveying in determining location and position and the theory and technology of map design and construction. It also involves developing an ability to organise, cost and complete the tasks required in survey projects and map production.

0313 Electrical and Electronic Engineering and Technology

Electrical and Electronic Engineering and Technology is the study of planning, designing, developing, testing, installing and maintaining electrical and electronic equipment, machinery and systems. It includes designing and maintaining computers and equipment for communication and electrical power generation and distribution. Skills learned include: designing electrical and electronic circuits and systems, preparing and interpreting specifications, drawings and regulations, analysing the performance of electrical and electronic systems. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the installation, testing, maintenance and repair of electrical and electronic equipment, machinery and systems, electrical and electronic wiring, circuitry and componentry. It also involves developing an understanding of electrical safety and safety regulations and an ability to organise, co-ordinate, and complete the tasks required in the design, testing, installation, maintenance and repair of electrical and electronic systems and equipment.

0315 Aerospace Engineering and Technology

Aerospace Engineering and Technology is the study of planning, designing, developing and producing aircraft structures and systems. It also involves assembling, maintaining and repairing airframes, engines, electrical and mechanical instruments, and related aircraft systems. Skills learned include: designing aircraft, aircraft components and support equipment, evaluating test flights to analyse performance and compliance with specifications and safety standards, authorising modifications, repairs and maintenance, conducting diagnostic tests to determine the nature of malfunctions, testing, maintaining and servicing aircraft engines, airframe components and systems, repairing and replacing defective parts and components. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the research, design, development, manufacture, installation, operation, maintenance and management of air and spacecraft. It also involves developing an understanding of the structural aspects of airframes, aircraft controls and flight stability, and aircraft capability and safety under operational conditions.

0317 Maritime Engineering and Technology

Maritime Engineering and Technology is the study of maintaining and operating shipboard machinery and systems. Skills learned include: designing and developing marine engineering systems, operating, maintaining and managing marine engineering systems, inspecting machinery and equipment to ensure compliance with standards, evaluating operational and maintenance procedures used for marine machinery and control equipment. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of designing, developing, operating, maintaining and managing marine engineering systems. It also involves developing an understanding of the operation of ships and other maritime facilities and safety under operational conditions.

0399 Other Engineering and Related Technologies

Other Engineering and Related Technologies is the study of all Engineering and Related Technologies not included elsewhere.

04 ARCHITECTURE AND BUILDING

0401 Architecture and Urban Environment

Architecture and Urban Environment is the study of the art and science of planning and designing public, commercial, industrial and residential buildings, and their interiors. It includes the study of planning and designing external environments. Skills learned include: analysing sites and making appropriate recommendations for development and construction, preparing detailed scale drawings and specifications for design and construction, liaising with clients and with other professionals on matters of design, cost, timing and feasibility of projects, monitoring construction to ensure compliance with specifications. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the structural, aesthetic, operational and environmental aspects of building design and of the inter-relationship between humans and the built environment. It also involves developing an understanding of related laws and regulations.

0403 Building

Building is the study of the science, technology and techniques of assembling, erecting and maintaining public, commercial, industrial and residential structures and their fittings. Skills include: interpreting building plans, regulations and codes of practice, preparing tenders, supporting contract bids and variations, inspecting work and materials for compliance with specifications, regulations and standards, repairing and maintaining brick and related structures and equipment, determining the type and quantity of materials required, locating and marking positions for connections, fixtures, pipes and areas to be excavated. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the functional aspects of construction, planning, development and management of buildings. It also involves developing the ability to examine and interpret building plans and specifications and to organise, cost and complete the tasks required in the construction and maintenance of buildings.

05 AGRICULTURE, ENVIRONMENTAL AND RELATED STUDIES

0501 Agriculture

Agriculture is the study of the growing, maintaining and harvesting non-intensively managed crops and pastures, and grazing and managing animals. It includes the study of farming and producing unprocessed plant and animal products. Skills learned include: recognising key factors influencing production and profitability in running a farm business, developing practical and technical farming skills, analysing current and future market conditions to determine which crops are grown and/or livestock raised, operating and maintaining farm machinery and equipment, identifying environmental factors affecting flock and herd health and productivity. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of animal genetics and reproductive techniques, the production and marketing of plant and animal products, and the theory and practice of farming. It also involves developing an ability to utilise current agricultural technology, techniques and practices.

0503 Horticulture and Viticulture

Horticulture and Viticulture is the study of cultivating, propagating and producing intensively managed crops such as fruits, vegetables, flowers, foliage, nursery crops, trees, shrubs, plants and greenkeeping. It includes the study of establishing, maintaining and managing vineyards, parks and gardens. Skills learned include: identifying pests, diseases and nutritional disorders in plants, designing, establishing and maintaining turf for various sport and recreational facilities, planting, pruning and maintaining shrubs and trees, propagating, cultivating and harvesting intensively managed crops. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the factors affecting plant propagation, growth and physiology and plant diseases, pests and weed control. It also involves developing an ability to utilise current horticultural and viticultural technology, techniques and practices.

0505 Forestry Studies

Forestry Studies is the study of establishing, cultivating, harvesting and managing forests. Skills learned include: designing coupes and planning broad scale harvesting operations, identifying, classifying and measuring trees and forests, managing post-harvest rehabilitation programmes, assessing current forest resources and estimating future demand. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the applied sciences and technologies which support sustainable forest management and their application in the context of the political, economic and social dimension of resource use.

0507 Fisheries Studies

Fisheries Studies is the study of breeding, rearing, harvesting and handling fish and other edible aquatic resources. Skills learned include: recognising, preventing and controlling diseases associated with farming aquatic resources, harvesting and handling fish and other edible aquatic resources, monitoring and maintaining water quality. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of fisheries management, techniques and technology of commercial fisheries, the growth and ecology of fish populations, and objectives and methods of management, legislation and its effect on commercial and recreational fisheries.

0509 Environmental Studies

Environmental Studies is the study of the relationships between living organisms and the natural, rural, industrial and urban environments. It includes the study of the impact humans have upon other organisms and on the natural environment. Skills learned include: assessing the impact of humans on the environment, preparing environmental impact statements, recognising, evaluating and analysing environmental issues of current and future significance, applying the principles and practices of managing natural ecosystems. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the scientific and regulatory aspects of the environment and establish procedures for an environmentally sustainable society. It also involves developing an understanding of how physical, economic, social and technological factors effect the environment.

0599 Other Agriculture, Environmental and Related Studies

Other Agriculture, Environmental and Related Studies is the study of all agriculture, environmental and related studies not included elsewhere in Broad Field 05 Agriculture, Environmental and Related Studies.

06 HEALTH

0601 Medical Studies

Medical Studies is the study of the principles and procedures used in preventing, diagnosing, caring for and treating illness, disease and injury in humans, and the maintenance of general health. Skills learned include: carrying out procedures and dealing with medical emergencies, communicating with patients, their relatives and other medical and health professionals, monitoring progress of patients, assessing patients' psychological, physical and emotional states, practising professional responsibility in relation to individuals and the community, examining specimens to determine the origin, nature and course of any disease present. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of disease processes and mechanisms, the structure and function of the human body and mind, the restoration and maintenance of health, pain control, human behaviour and medical ethics. It also involves developing an ability to assess and evaluate clinical observations to arrive at diagnoses and determine appropriate courses of action.

0603 Nursing

Nursing is the study of providing health care for the sick, disabled or infirm and assisting physicians and other medical and health professionals diagnose and treat patients. Skills learned include: observing, monitoring, evaluating and reporting changes in a patient's condition, communicating with patients, their relatives and other medical and health professionals, educating patients, relatives and the general community about health care, administering medications and treatments, personal hygiene and nutrition. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the nursing principles and practices used in caring for the sick, disabled, infirm and those with psychiatric disorders, disease processes and mechanisms and their clinical manifestations and treatment, and the interaction between humans and their physical, biological and social environment. It also involves developing an understanding of professional responsibility in relation to individuals and the community.

0605 Pharmacy

Pharmacy is the study of drugs, their preparation, dispensing and administration. Skills learned include: preparing and dispensing medications to patients with regard to legal, therapeutic and professional requirements, communicating with patients and other medical and health professionals, providing information and advising patients and the general community on drugs and medications. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the properties of drugs and medical products and their manufacture, control and use in the community and hospitals.

0607 Dental Studies

Dental Studies is the study of diagnosing, treating and preventing diseases and abnormalities of the teeth and adjacent tissues. It includes the study of designing, making and repairing dental prostheses and orthodontic appliances. Skills learned include: filling cavities, extracting teeth, constructing inlays and crowns, performing bridge work, fitting dentures and other appliances, administering anaesthetics, using dental instruments and equipment, diagnosing as a result of evaluating and interpreting clinical observations, educating patients about dental health and oral hygiene, maintaining and preparing dental materials and equipment, designing, making and repairing dental prostheses and orthodontic appliances. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of dental health, hygiene, technology and the prevention and treatment of disease, pain control, the structure and function of teeth and gums and client care during treatment. It also involves developing an ability to assess and evaluate clinical observations to arrive at diagnoses and determine appropriate courses of action.

0609 Optical Science

Optical Science is the study of measuring and assessing vision, and prescribing lenses for visual correction. It includes the study of preparing and dispensing corrective lenses. Skills learned include: performing examinations and visual tests in order to assess the nature and extent of vision problems and abnormalities, prescribing, preparing and dispensing visual aids, operating vision testing apparatus advising patients on eye exercises, lighting and visual habits. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the physiology of the eye and the operation of vision testing apparatus and prescribing, preparing and dispensing visual aids. It also involves developing an ability to assess and evaluate clinical observations to arrive at diagnoses and determine the appropriate courses of action.

0611 Veterinary Studies

Veterinary Studies is the study of preventing, diagnosing, and treating diseases and injuries in animals, and their general care. Skills learned include: diagnosing and treating as a result of evaluating and interpreting clinical observations and tests, applying medical and surgical procedures to animals, advising clients about the care of animals, administering and prescribing drugs and treatments, administering anaesthetics, observing, monitoring and reporting changes in an animal's condition, assisting with treating and caring for animals. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of normal growth, development and functioning of animals including their nutritional needs, behaviour, breeding and care, veterinary surgical and pain control principles and procedures used in the prevention, diagnosis, care and treatment of illness, disease and injury in animals. It also involves developing an ability to assess and evaluate clinical observations to arrive at diagnoses and determine appropriate courses of action.

0613 Public Health

Public Health is the study of the efforts made by society to protect, promote and restore people's health. Skills learned include: evaluating, observing and recognising factors which may cause illness and inefficiency in workplaces and the community, advising on measures to reduce injury and disease, educating the community on health risks, safety procedures and techniques, examining health promotion in the health care system, schools, local government and the work place. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the goals of public health including the promotion of health and the prevention of disease, premature death and disease-produced discomfort and disability in the population. It also involves developing an understanding of health and environmental risk assessment with a focus on health rather than the technical aspects of environmental science.

0615 Radiography

Radiography is the study of technologies which use ionising and non-ionising (e. g. ultrasound) radiation for producing diagnostic images and administering radiation therapy. Skills learned include: preparing radioactive materials and operating imaging, ultrasound and X-ray equipment, positioning patients, screens and equipment accurately, calculating duration and intensity of radiation doses, communicating with patients, their relatives and other medical and health professionals. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the principles and practices of radiographic imaging and treatment.

0617 Rehabilitation Therapies

Rehabilitation Therapies is the study of the practices and principles that restore a person to a healthy state. It also includes treating individuals so that they can return to normal duties after being effected by accident or disease. Skills learned include: teaching, assisting and monitoring a patient's progress in learning or relearning the skills of normal function, communicating with patients, their relatives and other medical and health professionals, selecting appropriate forms of therapy, and advising and instructing on the use of aids, educating the community in the prevention of movement disorders, evaluating and interpreting a patient's emotional, psychological, developmental and physical capabilities, planning and administering treatment programmes on an individual or group basis, monitoring and recording patients' activities, responses and progress. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of normal and abnormal movement and mobility, and the musculoskeletal system, the principles and practice of rehabilitation using a variety of creative activities, the development of speech and its interrelationship with language and personality development and human nutritional requirements.

0619 Complementary Therapies

Complementary Therapies is the study of the prevention and treatment of health care problems using natural remedies and massage. Skills learned include: selecting appropriate forms of therapy, selecting approaches to health management and treatment, evaluating and interpreting a patient's emotional, psychological and physical states, monitoring progress of patients, practising professional responsibility in relation to individuals and the community. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the importance of diet, exercise and lifestyle factors which influence health and wellbeing, the use of natural substances and massage to heal disease, and professional responsibility in relation to individuals and the community. It also involves developing an ability to assess and evaluate clinical observations to arrive at diagnoses and determine appropriate courses of action.

0699 Other Health

Other Health is the study of all Health not included elsewhere in Broad Field 06 Health.

07 EDUCATION

0701 Teacher Education

Teacher Education is the study of teaching and learning and its application to the education of people. Skills learned include: applying the philosophies and theoretical bases of education to the practice of teaching, communicating and interacting effectively with people in a variety of learning environments to provide meaningful learning experiences, meeting the requirements of students and providing feedback to parents and other professionals, applying the philosophies and theoretical bases of education to the practice of teaching, assessing and evaluating academic progress and personal development, acquiring, organising, producing and using a wide range of materials for research-oriented teaching and learning. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the philosophical and theoretical bases of education and its role in society, the factors which influence learning, teaching strategies and educational processes. It also involves developing an ability to plan, implement and evaluate appropriate curricula and learning programmes and assessing and reporting student achievement.

0703 Curriculum and Education Studies

Curriculum and Education Studies is the study of the development and evaluation of appropriate curricula and teaching strategies. Skills learned include: analysing the social factors which influence education, developing and evaluating curricula, assessment and teaching strategies, learning the philosophies and theoretical bases of education, analysing the social factors which influence education. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the concepts of curriculum, principles of curriculum development, system based and school based curriculum, the theoretical background in traditional and current assessment and teaching practices and the pedagogic theory and research in teacher planning.

0799 Other Education

Other Education is the study of the all education not included elsewhere in Broad Field 07 Education.

08 MANAGEMENT AND COMMERCE

0801 Accountancy

Accountancy is the study of maintaining, auditing and recording financial transactions. Skills learned include: designing and operating financial systems for individuals and organisations, preparing general purpose accounting statements, auditing financial accounts and providing reports on those audits, providing advice on taxation law and practice and completing taxation reports for clients. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of accounting principles and processes in order to organise and maintain corporate and personal financial records. It also involves developing an ability to interpret, evaluate and prepare financial records for use in corporate and personal financial decision making.

0803 Business and Management

Business and Management is the study of planning, directing and operating the functions and activities of persons, organisations and institutions. Skills include: identifying and evaluating the economic, legal, social, political and ethical environment in which business operates, analysing and determining policy issues at a managerial level, relating organisational and behavioural theory to a business enterprise, applying the principles of quantitative methods, personnel development and information systems in a business environment, identifying and evaluating the role of public organisations and public and private institutions in society, analysing government policy and planning, and developing strategies for its implementation and administration, relating organisational and behavioural theory to public organisations and public and private institutions, analysing the human factors that affect the task of management, evaluating the effects on individuals, groups and organisations of various human resource policies, programmes and practices. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the theory of management and administration and its application in the development, structure and operation of organisations and institutions, and the role of staff management and development. It also involves developing abilities in organising the efficient and effective provision of goods and services and in planning, co-ordinating and controlling the activities of an organisation and resolving problems and conflicts associated with the performance of these activities.

0805 Sales and Marketing

Sales and Marketing is the study of identifying and developing markets, and promoting and selling goods and services. Skills learned include: applying the principles and practices of selling and interacting with clients, managing stock, merchandising, pricing and supervising loss prevention, applying social and behavioural science theories to identify and develop marketing strategies, identifying consumer needs and wants and developing strategies to fulfil them in relation to the provision, pricing and distribution of goods and services, organising advertising, promotion, public relations and sales campaigns, marketing and promoting tourist travel, accommodation and facilities, property investment, property management. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the theories of buying and selling goods and services and their application at an organisational and personal level, marketing theories in relation to product development and the development of strategic marketing plans and consumer behaviour. It also involves developing the ability to plan, direct and organise retail and wholesale operations so that goods and services can be provided efficiently and effectively.

0807 Tourism

Tourism is the study of the structure and operations of the tourism industry. It includes the study of tour guiding and ticketing and reservation practices. Skills learned include: providing information and advice to clients regarding itineraries, destinations and accommodation, arranging accommodation and travel. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop the ability to plan, direct and organise tourism operations so that a quality services is provided efficiently and effectively. It also involves developing an understanding of the theories of promoting tourism services.

0809 Office Administration

Office Administration is the study of planning, organising, managing and operating office systems. It includes the study of office skills. Skills learned include: evaluating the functions and objectives of organisations and the tasks undertaken by professional and administrative staff, undertaking supervision and on-the-job training of staff, co-ordinating and supervising the operation of office systems and technology, operating keyboards and general office equipment, using word processing packages, entering and retrieving data, performing general office procedures. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the principles of office administration, the exchange and recording of information in an office environment, the training and supervision of staff and the role of office technology and its development and application. It also involves developing the ability to plan, direct, organise and carry out the day to day operations of an office.

0811 Banking, Finance and Related Fields

Banking, Finance and Related Fields is the study of planning, directing, organising and controlling financial activities and services. It includes the control and monitoring of the financial resources of organisations, institutions and individuals, and the provision of financial services at the corporate and individual level. Skills learned include: providing basic financial services, developing appropriate investment strategies for different types of investor, organising and operating financial institutions and insurance organisations, developing appropriate insurance, superannuation and retirement packages for clients, applying the principles of risk, insurance, reinsurance and underwriting to determine benefits and premiums, processing claims, maintaining and verifying insurance records. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the theories and practice of financial planning and investment, the nature and operation of the domestic and international monetary and financial systems and markets, and the principles of insurance. It also involves developing an ability to interpret, evaluate and prepare financial records for use in corporate and personal financial decision making.

0899 Other Management and Commerce

Other Management and Commerce is the study of all Management and Commerce not included elsewhere in Broad Field 08 Management and Commerce.

09 SOCIETY AND CULTURE

0901 Political Science and Policy Studies

Political Science and Policy Studies is the study of political theories, processes, events and institutions, the operation and function of government, and the influence of political organisations on public policy. Skills learned include: evaluating and interpreting the links between political structures and social and economic development, evaluating the effect of economic and political change, and government policy on international relations, analysing the various factors affecting voting behaviour and the nature of political campaigning. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of political systems and processes, the links between political structures and social and economic development, the social and political aspects of power, how societies govern themselves, how societies ought to be governed and how nations relate to each other in a global society.

0903 Studies in Human Society

Studies in Human Society is the study of the past and present behaviour of humans and their interaction and social organisation. Skills learned include: researching aspects of societies using a variety of social research methods, evaluating and interpreting cultural, demographic and sociological data, authenticating, evaluating and interpreting anthropological data, evaluating evidence used in historical research, compiling historical data from primary and secondary sources and interviews, analysing the impact of historical events on past and contemporary society, identifying, authenticating, analysing and evaluating material artefacts. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of collective behaviour, social and cultural processes and systems, the techniques and procedures of research design and analysis, and history and its relation to the current condition of society.

0905 Human Welfare Studies and Services

Human Welfare Studies and Services is the study of social intervention designed to help persons, individually and collectively, maximise their social and economic well-being. Skills include: assessing the welfare requirements of individuals and groups, assisting individuals, groups and communities in relation to family and child welfare, probation and parole, housing, health and rehabilitation, assisting individuals, groups and communities to utilise their own resources to improve their well-being, mediating between, and counselling individuals, groups, and communities, planning, organising and implementing programmes for the care of young children, communicating with young children, parents and other professionals. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the social, political and economic climate in which social policy is developed, administered and implemented, the social needs of individuals, groups and communities within society, the resources available to meet these needs, and the social influences that affect the behaviour and social functioning of people. It also involves developing an ability to plan and deliver welfare programmes, and organise resources to meet individual and community needs.

0907 Behavioural Science

Behavioural Science is the study of causes of behaviour, as a result of individual differences, experience and environment, and the modification of that behaviour. Skills learned include: constructing, administering and interpreting tests to understand human behaviour, conducting research into human behaviour at the individual and group level using a variety of social research methods, and planning and implementing individual and group programmes to modify human behaviour. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of human development, behaviour and interaction, and the techniques and procedures of research design and analysis.

0909 Law

Law is the study of the principles and regulations emanating from a government in the form of legislation and of custom and policies recognised by judicial decision. Skills learned include: understanding the laws of this country and other countries. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the principles and practices of commercial law, the principles and practices of criminal law, the constitution and constitutional law and the powers of Government. It also involves developing an ability to assess and evaluate the reliability of evidence, analyse legal issues and express legal arguments in speech and writing.

0911 Justice and Law Enforcement

Law and Justice is the study of the principles and procedures for formally maintaining social order. Skills learned include: advising individuals, groups, organisations and governments on legal and constitutional matters, preparing legal cases by investigating circumstances and researching relevant statutes and precedents, drawing up documents relating to court matters and contracts, and representing clients in general legal matters. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the historical development of legal practice and its role as a framework for the development and maintenance of social order, the investigation and prosecution of criminal offences. It also involves developing an ability to assess and evaluate the reliability of evidence, analyse legal issues and express legal arguments in speech and writing.

0913 Librarianship, Information Management and Curatorial Studies

Librarianship, Information Management and Curatorial Studies is the study of the methods of selecting, acquiring, organising and storing collections of information, facilitating the use of information and locating, identifying and assessing heritage resources. Skills learned include: identifying and meeting the information needs of individuals, groups and organisations, using various technologies and media for recording, storing and retrieving information, meeting day to day user requirements and requests including the loan and return of books, managing and maintaining information collections, analysing cultural materials, the preservation of artefacts and planning exhibitions. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of different methods and practices in library and information management, the methods of selecting and organising library resources, the technology used in the storage, retrieval and dissemination of information. the methods of assessing the information requirements of users, and of using various information sources to meet those requirements. It also involves conserving and exhibiting artefacts of cultural importance.

0915 Language and Literature

Language and Literature is the study of the structure and use of languages, and the literature of particular times and geographic areas. Skills learned include: analysing foreign languages and literatures in their social and cultural contexts, speaking, understanding, reading and writing foreign languages, translating and interpreting languages, analysing the development of and changes in literary styles, analysing approaches to, and techniques of writing, critically analysing and evaluating form, theme, style and content, presenting critiques in written and oral form. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the nature, structure, sound and form of language, the development and changes in literary styles, and languages and literature in their social and cultural contexts. It also involves developing abilities in understanding, speaking, reading and writing in a foreign language and in critically analysing literary works and form.

0917 Philosophy and Religious Studies

Philosophy and Religious Studies is the study of the nature and context of human experience, perception, and interpretation of reality, and human spirituality and beliefs. Skills include: applying theories of logic to rational argument, evaluating belief systems, ethics and morals, analysing, constructing and deconstructing arguments using the methods of critical reasoning, authenticating, studying and interpreting religious writings and texts, ministering and counselling individuals and groups, preparing and conducting services of public worship. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of theology, metaphysics, ethics, and spirituality in relation to religious understanding and practice, the perception of truth, being and reality, and the responsibilities and practices associated with ministering from within a church. It also involves developing an ability to assess and express philosophical and religious arguments in a clear, concise and logical manner.

0919 Economics and Econometrics

Economic and Econometrics is the study of the allocation, distribution, exchange and efficient use of limited resources. Skills learned include: analysing economic policy to determine the effect on individuals, businesses and the economy as a whole, researching and preparing reports and studies on economic conditions, activities and policy decisions, developing models of economic behaviour using quantitative techniques. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of economic theory and its relationship to the production, distribution and consumption of wealth, macroeconomic and microeconomic theories, the structure of the local economy and its relationship to overseas economies, the effects of economic decisions on individual, business and government behaviour.

0921 Sport and Recreation

Sport and Recreation is the study of recreational and leisure activities, their role in society, and the development of recreational and leisure programmes. Skills learned include: developing recreation and leisure programmes for individuals, groups and communities, advising people on recreation and leisure programmes suitable to their age, fitness level and lifestyle, leading people in recreation and leisure programmes in a safe and supportive manner. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of principles of sport coaching, instructing, officiating and programming, and the rules and regulations governing sports.

0999 Other Society and Culture

Other Society and Culture is the study of all society and culture not included elsewhere in Broad Field 09 Society and Culture.

10 CREATIVE ARTS

1001 Performing Arts

Performing Arts is the study of creating and performing works of art, music, dance and drama. Skills learned include: arranging, transcribing and conducting musical compositions and scores, playing musical instruments, singing as a soloist or member of an ensemble, band, orchestra or choir, critically analysing music form and harmony, choreographing dance to harmonise with music and subject, illustrate a story, convey emotion or complement a musical show, creating and interpreting roles for productions to communicate their subject and meaning, producing and directing musical, comedy and drama performances. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the artistic and technical aspects of the creation, production and performance of music, dance and drama and the history, development and theory of performing arts. It also involves developing the ability to design, create and perform an original piece of work either individually or with others.

1003 Visual Arts and Crafts

Visual Arts and Crafts is the study of visual non-literary forms of creative expression for artistic and aesthetic purposes. Skills learned include: using techniques to harmonise line, colour, design and form, developing ideas for artistic presentation, selecting artistic media, methods and materials, drawing, painting, sculpting and using other techniques to produce artistic objects, using techniques which harmonise light, colour and subjects, adjusting camera angles, settings and subjects to achieve the desired effects, using appropriate equipment and techniques to produce high quality photographs. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the history, development and theory of the visual arts, and the artistic and technical aspects of the creation and production of art and craft and photographs. It also involves developing the ability to design, create and exhibit an original piece of work either individually or with others.

1005 Graphic and Design Studies

Graphic and Design Studies is the study of the techniques and skills necessary to design and produce finished work, and solve design and visual communication problems. It also involves the study of clothing design and creation. Skills learned include: preparing illustrations and sketches to communicate design concepts to others, determining the objectives of design in consultation with management, sales and manufacturing staff and clients, using words and pictures to make a clear graphic statement, formulating design concepts for garments, preparing illustrations and sketches to communicate design concepts, supervising the production of sample garments. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the artistic and technical aspects of the creation and production of an original piece of work either individually or with others.

1007 Communication and Media Studies

Communication and Media Studies is the study of the creation, production, dissemination and evaluation of messages. Skills learned include: producing and transmitting messages and evaluating their effectiveness, collecting and analysing facts about events and individuals, writing reports, commentaries and stories, researching public opinion, analysing findings and planning publicity campaigns, issuing press releases and organising exhibitions, seminars and social functions, planning, directing and co-ordinating the filming of motion picture and television programmes, recording and broadcasting radio productions, editing films and video tapes, and adding sound tracks, creating digital media based productions such as websites, online video, publications, marketing tools and interactive emails. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the artistic and technical aspects of audio-visual communication. It also involves developing the ability to communicate effectively in writing or verbally.

1099 Other Creative Arts

Other Creative Arts is the study of all creative arts not included elsewhere in Broad Field 10 Creative Arts.

11 FOOD, HOSPITALITY AND PERSONAL SERVICES

1101 Food and Hospitality

Food and Hospitality is the study of processing and packaging meat, preparing, displaying and serving food and beverages, and providing hospitality services. Skills learned include: operating butchery or cooking machinery, preparing and cooking meats, fish, vegetables and other foods using a variety of methods, planning menus on the basis of available ingredients, preferred styles and customers' tastes, communicating with customers and servicing their needs, organising and supervising housekeeping services. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the preparation of food and beverages, and the provision of hospitality services including housekeeping, cleaning and food and beverage service.

1103 Personal Services

Personal Services is the study of caring for the hair and body for grooming and beautification. Skills learned include: cutting hair using scissors, razors and electric clippers, washing, tinting, streaking, permanent waving hair and applying conditioners and other treatments, styling and straightening hair using brushes, combs, rollers, clips, curling irons and blow dryers, analysing and advising customers on hair styles and treatments, applying make-ups, creams and lotions, and giving facial massages, tinting, bleaching and removing facial and body hairs, cutting, filing, sculpting, painting and polishing finger and toe nails, using appliances and cosmetic masks to treat the skin and body, analysing and advising clients on treatments and general beauty care. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of the scalp, facial and body hair, the skin, beautification and beauty treatments.

12 MIXED FIELD PROGRAMMES

1201 General Education Programmes

General Education is the study of mixed field school education and basic learning skills. Skills learned include: reading and writing, general school education, basic mathematics skills and basic learning skills. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an elementary understanding of subjects such as history, geography, natural science, mathematics, English, social science, art and music and study methods.

1203 Social Skills Programmes

Social Skills Programmes is the study of mixed field social skill courses. Skills learned include: social and interpersonal skills, skills necessary to run a household, parenting skills. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of key competencies and skills that are needed for personal survival skills (independent living skills).

1205 Employment Skills Programmes

Employment Skills Programmes is the study of mixed field employment courses. Skills include: career development, job search skills, work practices. The main purpose of this field of study is to develop an understanding of key competencies and skills that are needed for job search and career development activities.

1299 Other Mixed Field Programmes

Other Mixed Field Programmes is the study of all mixed field programmes not included elsewhere in Broad Field 12 Mixed Field Programmes.

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