Pasifika Language in Education

This report provides a snapshot of Pasifika language in education in New Zealand Schools as at 1 July. It describes two levels of Pasifika language learning- Pasifika medium education and Pasifika Language as a separate subject.

Pasifika medium education is where a Pasifika language is the medium of instruction for more than 3 hours a week (12% of typical classroom time). Pasifika medium education is measured at four levels: Level 1: 81-100% of the time, Level 2: 51-80% of the time, Level 3: 31-50% of the time, and Level 4: 12-30% of the time.

Pasifika language as a separate subject is where students are learning a Pasifika language as a separate subject at the Primary level (Years 1-8) for a minimum of 15 hours a year or at secondary level (Years 9-15) for a minimum of 20 hours a year.

Number of Schools offering Pasifika Language in Education

A total of 39 schools offered Pasifika medium education in 2014: 24 primary schools, 14 secondary schools and one composite school. 27 out of the 39 schools offering Pasifika medium education (69%) were located in the Auckland region. Samoan was the most common Pasifika language for instruction with 34 out of the 39 schools delivering curriculum in Samoan. Seven schools offered the curriculum in two or more Pasifika languages.

In 2014 a further 53 schools had students enrolled in a Pasifika language as a separate subject; 18 primary schools, 34 secondary schools, and 1 composite schools. 23 out of the 53 schools (43%) were located in the Auckland region, and 14 schools (26%) were in the Wellington region. Samoan was the most common Pasifika language offered as a separate subject with 46 out of the 53 schools teaching a Samoan as a separate subject. 11 out of the 53 schools offered two or more different Pasifika Languages.

Table 1: Number of Schools offering a Pasifika language by immersion level and language as at 1 July 2014
Notes:
  1. Where a school offers multiple levels in a particular Pasifika language, it is only counted at its highest level.
  2. Where a school offers more than one language it has been counted once in each language but only once in total.
  3. Level 5: As a separate subject for Years 1-8 is for a minimum of 15 hgours a year, and Years 9 and above for a minimum of 20 hours a year.
Highest Level of Learning1 Samoan Tongan Cook Island Māori Niuean Tokelauan Other Total2
Level 1: 81-100% 11 0 2 0 0 0 12
Level 2: 51-80% 7 4 1 0 0 0 9
Level 3: 31-50% 4 2 0 0 0 0 4
Level 4: 12-30% 12 2 3 1 0 0 14
Level 5: As a separate subject 46 10 9 2 0 4 53
Pasifika Language in Education 80 18 15 3 0 4 92

Number of Students

There were 3,022 students enrolled in Pasifika medium education in 2014 and a further 7,360 students studied a Pasifika language as a separate subject. This is a decrease of 16 students (0.5%) in Pasifika medium education, and an increase of 1,812 students (32.7%) in Pasifika language as a separate subject since July 2013.

Table 2: Number of students involved in Pasifika language in education by immersion level (2010-2014)
Immersion Level 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Change 2013-14
Number Percentage
Level 1: 81-100% 471 379 418 464 477 13 (3%)
Level 2: 51-80% 356 649 763 778 785 7 (1%)
Level 3: 31-50% 558 437 443 581 590 9 (2%)
Level 4: 12-30% 550 847 747 1,215 1,170 -45 (-4%)
Level 5: As a separate subject 4,090 5,030 5,842 5,548 7,360 1,812 (33%)
Pasifika Language in Education 6,025 7,342 8,213 8,586 10,382 1,796 (21%)

Build Your Own Table: Interactive Pivot Table for Pasifika Language in Education

These spreadsheets allow you to create your tables by any combination of variables. Both spreadsheets have the option of displaying variables by school type variables (such as decile or affiliation), and regional type variables.

Please note: use of these spreadsheets require MS Excel version 2007 or later.

Interactive Pivot Table Downloads:

One-on-One Dimensional Tables: Number of Students and Number of Schools

The chart below provides a number of one-on-one dimensional tables relating to student and number of schools.

Number of Students and Number of Schools One-on-One Dimentional Table Downloads:

School Data Dimension Notes

Year

Data is presented as at 1 July of each year 2000 through to 2014.

Language

Language: Pasifika language available- Students who take multiple languages are counted in each language group. "Other Pasifika" includes Fijian, Other Pasifika languages not mentioned, and Pasifika Language Studies.

Level of Learning

Level of Learning describes students being taught at different levels of Pasifika instruction. Each level is defined by the proportion of time the student is taught using a Pasifika Language.


  • Level 1: 81-100%: Pasifika language is the medium of instruction for 81-100% of the time (20+ hours per week)
  • Level 2: 51-80%: Pasifika language is the medium of instruction for 81-100% of the time (12.5 - 20 hours per week)
  • Level 3: 31-50%:   Pasifika language is the medium of instruction for 81-100% of the time (7.5 - 12.5 hours per week)
  • Level 4: 12-30%:   Pasifika language is the medium of instruction for 81-100% of the time (3 - 7.5 hours per week)
  • Level 5: As a separate subject- is where students are learning a Pasifika language as a separate subject, at the Primary level (Years 1-8) for a minimum of 15 hours a year or at secondary level (Years 9-15) for a minimum of 20 hours a year.
Year level

The number of years of schooling a student has received, also known as funding year level. The funding year level for most students is based on the date they first started school. It is independent of the way schools are organised and independent of the particular programme of study that a student may undertake.

School ID

The individual Identification code a school is given by the Ministry of Education.

School Name

The name of the school as at 1 July 2014.

School Type

The type of the school, for example Full Primary (Year 1-8), as at 1 July of that year. Typically based on what year levels the school offers, but also includes further information e.g. Correspondence school, Special school, Teen Parent Unit etc.  See "School: Sector" for a broader grouping, and "Student: Year level group" for a student based sector grouping.

School Sector

Schools are grouped (by school type) into four sectors of schooling education, Primary, Secondary, Composite and Special. See "School: Type" for a more detailed grouping, and "Student: Year level group" for a student based sector grouping.

School Authority

The ownership of the school for example State, State-Integrated and Private as at 1 July of that year.

School Decile

The decile assigned to the school as at 1 July of that year. Schools are assigned a socio-economic score based on five census derived socio-economic factors. The 10 percent of schools with the lowest scores are considered decile 1 schools; the next 10 percent of schools are considered decile 2 schools, etc. Decile 1 schools draw the greatest proportion of their students from low socioeconomic areas.

School Gender

The gender of the students that a school caters for, for example, co-educational, boys school. A small number of single sex schools can have some students of the opposite sex on their roll. These students can only access the education they need at these 'opposite sex' schools i.e. adults or special needs students.

Affiliation Type

Whether a school has a religious or organisational affiliation, as at 1 July of that year. Only schools that requested an affiliation are included in that affiliation group, this dimension is most commonly represented for state integrated schools. See "School: Affiliation" for a more detailed grouping.

School Affiliation

The religious or organisational affiliation of schools, for example, Roman Catholic, Montessori, as at 1 July of that year. Only schools that requested an affiliation are included in that affiliation group, this dimension is most commonly represented for state integrated schools. See "School: Affiliation Type" for a broader grouping.

School Definition

Additional descriptive information about the school. For example, Kura Kaupapa Māori, school for pupils with physical disabilities, etc. as at 1 July of that year.

Kura Type

Māori immersion schools can be set up either through Section 155 (s155) or Section 156 (s156) of the Education Act 1990.

  • S156 allows for state schools with a special character that sets them apart from ordinary state schools.
  • S155 of the Act allows for state schools that use Te Reo Māori as the main language for teaching and operate in accordance with the principles of Te Aho Matua
  • A Kura Teina is an initiative by a community which wants to become a Kura Kaupapa Māori (Kura s155). During the establishment phase the Kura Teina was "attached" to, and mentored by, an established high performing Kura Kaupapa Māori. No longer exists from 2011 onwards.
Education Region

The education region where the school is located. These ten administrative regions are created by the Ministry of Education and are aligned with the Ministry's ten regional offices.

Regional Council

The Regional Council area where the school is located. Regional council boundaries are defined by Statistics New Zealand.

Territorial Authority

The Territorial Authority area where the school is located. Territorial authority boundaries are defined by Statistics New Zealand. Auckland super city has been subdivided into local board. For more information Auckland city local boards see:

Auckland Council website. MOE local Office The Ministry of Education local office district where the school is located.