Participation in early childhood education

Table 1: Prior participation in ECE of children starting school by ethnic group, 2000-2015
Note:
  1. Students who identify with more than one ethnic group have been counted in each group they identified with, The figure in the 'Total' column will therefore generally be less than the sum of the students in each group.
Year
Ended
Ethnic Group
European
/Pākehā
Māori Pasifika Asian Other Ethnic
Groups
Total
June 2000 94.2 83.1 75.8 89.2 82.2 90.0
June 2001 94.9 83.6 76.0 89.8 83.3 90.3
June 2002 95.5 84.8 79.1 92.1 85.7 91.2
June 2003 96.2 86.7 83.1 92.4 88.0 92.5
June 2004 96.4 87.5 84.4 94.1 88.5 93.0
June 2005 96.5 88.1 84.2 95.1 89.1 93.2
June 2006 96.9 88.1 83.8 96.0 90.8 93.4
June 2007 97.0 88.8 83.6 96.0 92.7 93.6
June 2008 97.2 88.7 84.4 95.3 92.9 93.6
June 2009 97.3 89.6 85.1 95.6 93.9 94.0
June 2010 97.6 89.4 85.9 95.8 95.3 94.4
June 2011 97.8 90.1 86.1 95.8 95.4 94.6
June 2012 97.9 90.9 86.7 95.8 95.5 94.9
June 2013 98.2 92.3 88.5 96.8 94.7 95.6
June 2014 98.1 92.9 90.3 97.0 94.6 95.9
June 2015 98.0 94.0 91.2 97.3 94.7 96.2

Table 2: Number of enrolments in licensed ECE services as a percentage of population, by age, 2000-2014
Notes:
  1. Enrolment rates over estimate participation in ECE because of double- or triple- counting of those children who attend more than one early childhood education service.  
  2. *The 0-4 years age-weighted enrolment rate is one where each year of age's contribution to the overall 0-4 years rate is weighted by its share of the total 0-4 years population in 2013.
Year
(June)
Enrolment Rates by Year of Age
Under
1 Year
1
Year
2
Years
3
Years
4
Years
5
Years
6
Years
0-4
Years*
2000 10% 29% 48% 85% 96% 3% - 54%
2001 10% 30% 49% 84% 95% 3% - 54%
2002 11% 31% 51% 85% 95% 3% - 55%
2003 11% 33% 52% 86% 97% 3% - 56%
2004 11% 34% 54% 86% 98% 3% - 57%
2005 11% 35% 55% 88% 97% 3% - 57%
2006 11% 36% 56% 89% 98% 3% - 58%
2007 13% 37% 57% 90% 98% 3% - 59%
2008 12% 38% 57% 93% 99% 2% - 60%
2009 13% 37% 57% 92% 99% 3% - 60%
2010 14% 39% 57% 93% 100% 3% - 60%
2011 14% 39% 58% 92% 100% 3% - 61%
2012 14% 40% 59% 93% 99% 4% - 61%
2013 15% 43% 64% 94% 98% 4% - 63%
2014 16% 44% 65% 93% 97% 3% 0% 63%

Table 3: Population, enrolments/attendances and enrolment rates for 3 year-olds, 2000-2014
Year
(June)
3 Year-olds
No of Enrolments
/Attendances1 
Total
Population
Population
Not Enrolled
Enrolment
Rate
2000 48,041 56,670 8,629 85%
2001 47,749 57,100 9,351 84%
2002 47,405 55,580 8,175 85%
2003 49,724 57,840 8,116 86%
2004 49,166 57,300 8,134 86%
2005 49,037 55,580 6,543 88%
2006 49,767 56,110 6,343 89%
2007 51,918 57,940 6,022 90%
2008 53,298 57,640 4,342 92%
2009 54,541 59,190 4,649 92%
2010 57,716 62,140 4,424 93%
2011 58,896 64,240 5,344 92%
2012 58,906 63,650 4,744 93%
2013 60,564 64,280 3,716 94%
2014 58,623 62,950 4,327 93%

Table 4: Number of enrolments by service type, 2000-2014
Year
(June)
Service Type
Education
& Care
Kindergarten Home-based Playcentre Te Kōhanga
Reo
Correspondence
School
Total
2000 71,231 45,869 8,937 15,808 11,138 984 153,967
2001 73,192 45,439 8,546 14,786 9,594 947 152,504
2002 76,246 45,169 8,591 14,879 10,389 913 156,187
2003 78,967 45,109 9,587 15,200 10,319 991 160,173
2004 81,096 45,287 9,922 15,440 10,418 922 163,085
2005 83,889 44,920 9,770 15,059 10,070 813 164,521
2006 86,059 44,435 9,802 14,888 9,493 577 165,254
2007 91,733 43,695 11,073 14,664 9,236 737 171,138
2008 97,756 41,487 13,065 14,929 9,165 591 176,993
2009 101,424 39,346 15,054 15,171 9,288 627 180,910
2010 109,233 37,600 17,084 15,049 9,370 617 188,953
2011 113,881 36,967 17,955 15,107 9,631 560 194,101
2012 117,724 36,208 18,412 14,297 9,366 519 196,526
2013 123,778 35,012 18,820 13,565 9,179 588 200,942
2014 126,804 31,877 19,162 12,723 8,936 500 200,002

Table 5: Percentage of enrolments in each Service type, by year of age (June 2014)
Service Type  Age in Years
Under
1 Year
1
Year 
2
Years 
3
Years 
4
Years
5
Years
6
Years
Education & Care 49% 67% 70% 65% 59% 54% 100%
Kindergarten 0% 2% 23% 122% 190% 2% 0%
Home-based 20% 49% 50% 46% 35% 5% 0%
Playcentre 25% 28% 33% 27% 22% 1% 0%
Kōhanga Reo 5% 17% 23% 24% 24% 2% 0%
Correspondence School 0% 0% 0% 2% 3% 0% 0%

Table 6: The percentage of enrolments in each service type, by ethnic group (June 2014)
Service Type Ethnic Group
European
/Pākehā
Māori Pasifika Asian
Education & Care 64% 54% 72% 75%
Kindergarten 18% 15% 17% 15%
Home-based 10% 8% 8% 7%
Playcentre 9% 4% 2% 3%
Te Kōhanga Reo 0% 19% 2% 0%

Table 7: Enrolments of 3-4 year-olds in early childhood or primary education by OECD country, 2013
Note:
  1. Source: OECD, Education at a Glance 2014 (Table C1.1a).OECD figures relate to centre-based participation only, so New Zealand figures will be lower than nationally published participation figures as home-based services are not included.
OECD Country Percent
Enrolled 
Turkey 12.0
Switzerland 21.6
Greece 25.6
Australia 46.6
United States 52.2
Finland 55.1
Poland 58.0
Chile 62.1
Mexico 63.3
Slovak Republic 67.5
Ireland 69.1
Czech Republic 70.3
OECD average 76.2
Austria 77.8
Hungary 83.6
Portugal 84.9
Luxembourg 85.4
Japan 85.9
Korea 86.3
Slovenia 87.1
Estonia 88.9
Israel 89.1
New Zealand 90.7
Netherlands 91.4
Germany 93.3
Sweden 93.4
Italy 94.2
United Kingdom 95.5
Iceland 96.1
Spain 96.1
Norway 96.1
Denmark 97.5
Belgium 98.6
France 99.1

Table 8: Average hours spent per week in ECE, per enrolment by age group, 2000-2014
Year Age Group
2 Years
and Under
3 Years
and Over
Total  
(0-5 years)
2000 14.3 13.0 13.5
2001 15.3 13.7 14.2
2002 16.1 14.4 15.0
2003 16.5 14.8 15.4
2004 17.4 15.5 16.1
2005 18.1 16.0 16.7
2006 18.3 16.4 17.1
2007 19.0 17.0 17.7
2008 19.7 18.6 19.0
2009 20.0 19.4 19.6
2010 20.3 20.1 20.2
2011 20.5 20.5 20.5
2012 20.9 21.1 21.1
2013 21.3 21.9 21.7
2014 20.4 20.8 20.7

Table 9: Average number of hours spent per week in ECE, per enrolment by year of age and service type between 2000 and 2014
Year Service Type Year of Age
Under
1 Year
1
Year
2
Years
3
Years
4
Years
6
Years
5
Years
2000 Education & Care 20.8 18.3 15.3 15.1 17.2 14.9 -
Home-based 19.3 18.1 16.7 16.1 14.8 9.5 -
Kindergarten 3.2 3.2 7.1 8.3 13.1 11.8 -
Playcentre 4.1 4.0 4.4 5.4 6.3 5.9 -
2014 Education & Care 23.6 23.6 22.0 22.9 24.4 24.3 24.7
Home-based 25.2 23.9 22.9 22.0 20.8 16.7 -
Kindergarten 19.5 15.0 11.3 13.5 17.2 15.5 -
Playcentre 3.7 4.2 4.6 5.1 5.6 5.6 -