Literacy and Life Skills for Pasifika Adults: Further Investigation: Results from the Adult Literacy and Life Skills (ALL) Survey

Publication Details

This report — which complements Literacy and Life Skills for Pasifika Adults — investigates the extent to which the distribution of English literacy among Pasifika adults is associated with changes in the distribution of their educational attainment and familiarity with English.

Author(s): Elliot Lawes, Research Division, Ministry of Education.

Date Published: August 2009

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Section 7: Appendix

Appendix Table 1: Standardised regression coefficients for prose literacy model using the ALL data
Notes:
  1. Figures in bold represent estimates significant at the 5% level.
  2. Stage 1 of the model excluded time spent in formal education and income, stage 2 included income but excluded time spent in formal education, and stage 3 included both time spent in formal education and income.
Variable Stage 1
est*
Stage 1
se
Stage 2
est*
Stage 2
se
Stage 3
est*
Stage 3
se
Time in formal education
(years)
* * * * 0.365 0.040
Income
(log income in 000s)
* * 0.182 0.041 0.123 0.039
Age 0.043 0.052 -0.014 0.063 -0.009 0.058
Age squared
(centred at 33.6 years)
-0.218 0.040 -0.147 0.046 -0.116 0.046
First language
(0=English, 1=other)
-0.107 0.041 -0.098 0.048 -0.103 0.042
English infrequent in home
(0=no, 1=yes)
-0.275 0.044 -0.245 0.043 -0.211 0.039
Employment
(0=not employed, 1=employed)
0.124 0.043 0.075 0.047 0.023 0.044
Place of birth
(0=New Zealand, 1=elsewhere)
-0.163 0.047 -0.161 0.045 -0.146 0.041
Gender
(0 = female, 1 = male)
-0.122 0.037 -0.153 0.042 -0.131 0.038
Student status
(0=not student, 1=student)
0.135 0.045 0.143 0.049 0.082 0.043


The stage 1 model accounted for approximately 31 percent of the variance in document literacy scores, the stage 2 model approximately 32 percent and the stage 3 model approximately 44 percent.

Appendix Table 2: Standardised regression coefficients for document literacy model using the ALL data
Notes:
  1. Figures in bold represent estimates significant at the 5% level.
  2. Stage 1 of the model excluded time spent in formal education and income, stage 2 included income but excluded time spent in formal education, and stage 3 included both time spent in formal education and income.
Variable Stage 1
est*
Stage 1
se
Stage 2
est*
Stage 2
se
Stage 3
est*
Stage 3
se
Time in formal education
(years)
* * * * 0.366 0.040
Income
(log income in 000s)
* * 0.195 0.042 0.136 0.040
Age -0.021 0.056 -0.088 0.066 -0.083 0.061
Age squared
(centred at 33.6 years)
-0.223 0.042 -0.145 0.046 -0.114 0.046
First language
(0=English, 1=other)
-0.095 0.043 -0.077 0.050 -0.082 0.043
English infrequent in home
(0=no, 1=yes)
-0.252 0.044 -0.219 0.043 -0.185 0.038
Employment
(0=not employed, 1=employed)
0.131 0.043 0.077 0.050 0.025 0.044
Place of birth
(0=New Zealand, 1=elsewhere)
-0.145 0.047 -0.147 0.046 -0.133 0.043
Gender
(0=female, 1=male)
-0.083 0.036 -0.110 0.041 -0.089 0.035
Student status
(0=not student, 1=student)
0.144 0.047 0.150 0.047 0.089 0.043


The stage 1 model accounted for approximately 30 percent of the variance in document literacy scores, the stage 2 model approximately 32 percent and the stage 3 model approximately 44 percent.