Facing the challenge: Tertiary Education Strategy monitoring 2010
This is the 2010 annual monitoring report for the Tertiary Education Strategy. It provides baseline data to monitor progress against the 2010-15 Strategy. The report is framed around the seven priority areas of the Strategy. Each section discusses key indicators relating to the priority, includes a summary of key points and identifies key challenges for achieving the goals of the Strategy.
The report is accompanied by a set of cross-strategy indicators that provide enduring measures of the overall health of the tertiary education system. These can be downloaded as an excel spreadsheet.
Author(s): Tertiary Sector Performance Analysis and Reporting, Ministry of Education
Date Published: December 2010
Pasifika achieving at higher levels
This priority focuses on improving the achievement of Pasifika students, particularly at degree level.
More Pasifika students are achieving higher-level school qualifications. However, the proportions completing NCEA level 3 and university entrance are about half that of non-Pasifika.
Similarly, more young Pasifika are enrolling in bachelors degrees, but only at about half the rate of non-Pasifika. Pasifika are less likely to complete bachelors degrees by age 25.
A larger proportion of Pasifika than non-Pasifika start degrees after the age of 25. However, completion rates for all students over 25 are low.
Pasifika school achievement
More Pasifika students are achieving higher-level qualifications at school. There has been a substantial increase in the number achieving level 2 NCEA by age 19, from 1,520 in 2006 to 2,130 in 2009. The numbers achieving level 3 NCEA and university entrance have also increased, but not by the same amount.
The increase at NCEA level 2 reflects population growth, with the proportion remaining steady at 35 percent. The increases at higher levels reflect a small proportional increase in achievement in addition to population growth. However, the proportions of Pasifika students achieving at these levels are still only around half the proportion of non-Pasifika students.
In 2009, 28 percent of Pasifika people aged 19 had not achieved a school qualification, compared with only 19 percent of non-Pasifika. The proportion of Pasifika students not achieving school qualifications is decreasing. However, the number is increasing as the population increases.
Figure 18: Highest school qualification achieved for Pasifika 19-year-olds
Students without NQF results are excluded, such as those who left school before attempting NQF standards and those who only took alternative examinations.
Pasifika in higher qualifications
The participation rates of Pasifika people in qualifications below degree-level are similar to, or even higher than, those of other ethnic groups. The significant educational gap between Pasifika and non-Pasifika remains at bachelors level.
More Pasifika people are enrolling in bachelors degrees, particularly 18- to 19-year-olds. However, the proportion of the Pasifika 18- to 24-year-olds in degrees remains significantly lower than the proportion of the non-Pasifika population in this age group.
Figure 19: Proportion of Pasifika population in bachelors degrees
In 2009, 42 percent of Pasifika students enrolling in bachelors degrees for the first time were aged over 25. This compares with 33 percent on non-Pasifika students.
Just over 40 percent of Pasifika 18-to-19-year-olds who started a bachelors degree completed their qualification within five years, compared with nearly 70 percent of non-Pasifika. Completion rates have decreased for both Pasifika and non-Pasifika students as the numbers enrolled have increased.
Figure 20: Five-year completion rates for Pasifika and non-Pasifika students in bachelors degrees
Nearly 30 percent of Pasifika 25- to 39-year-olds complete a bachelors degree within five years, compared with almost 40 percent of non-Pasifika.
Pasifika people who study in qualifications below degree-level also have lower completion rates than non-Pasifika studying at the same level.
Achievement by age 25
The proportion of Pasifika young people who achieve a bachelors degree by age 25 is about a third of that of the non-Pasifika population. In 2009, 12 percent of Pasifika females aged 25 had completed a bachelors degree or higher, compared with 32 percent of non-Pasifika. The proportion for males was 8 percent compared with 21 percent, respectively.
While there has been some increase in the proportion of Pasifika people achieving bachelors degrees by age 25, the gap between the Pasifika and non-Pasifika populations is still large.
Figure 21: Proportion of Pasifika and non-Pasifika 25-year- olds who have completed a bachelors degree or above
Note: See technical notes for calculation method.
A key challenge for the tertiary education system is to support more Pasifika students to achieve qualifications, particularly at degree level.
Downloads / Links
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- Facing the challenge: critical issues for achieving the strategy
- The changing context of tertiary education
- From school to tertiary education
- Young people achieving success
- Māori enjoying success at higher levels
- Pasifika achieving at higher levels
- Improving literacy, language and numeracy skills
- Quality research driving innovation
- Improving provider performance