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School Roll Summary Report: July 2011

Publication Details

This report summarises the results from the 1 July 2011 annual statistical return from schools. It includes information on the number of schools, school rolls and number of international fee-paying students, as well as number of students involved in Māori-medium education, Pasifika-medium education and secondary school subject choices. We have added a section regarding school roll effects of the 22 February 2011 earthquake in Christchurch.

Author(s): Indicators & Reporting Unit, Ministry of Education

Date Published: October 2011

Number of Schools

At 1 July 2011, the number of state and private schools in New Zealand was 2,548.  This is 11 fewer than in July 2010.  In addition, there were 20 teen parent units.

Type of School
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Change
2010-11
Full Primary
1,128
1,126
1,115
1,109
1,105
1,098
-7
Contributing
798
796
796
795
790
786
-4
Intermediate
123
123
123
123
123
123
0
Primary Subtotal
2,049
2,045
2,034
2,027
2,018
2,007
-11
Composite
136
139
140
145
150
151
1
Correspondence School
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
Restricted Composite
5
4
4
4
4
3
-1
Composite Subtotal
142
144
145
150
155
155
0
Year 7-15
102
101
101
101
103
103
0
Year 9-15
233
234
234
235
237
239
2
Secondary Subtotal
335
335
335
336
340
342
2
Special
47
47
47
47
46
44
-2
Total
2,573
2,571
2,561
2,560
2,559
2,548
-11
Note:
1. Includes Health Camps and Hospital schools.
2. Excludes teen parent units and kura teina. Kura teina no longer exist in 2011
.



Between 1 July 2010 and 1 July 2011, a total of 21 schools closed.  Fourteen were state schools and seven were private schools.  Of these, 11 were primary schools, two special schools, four secondary schools and four composite schools. 

Of the 21 schools that closed, eight were in the Auckland region, two in the Waikato region, three in the Gisborne region, five in the Otago region and one in each of the Bay of Plenty, Hawkes Bay and Manawatu-Wanganui regions. 

Despite a declining number of schools, there are still new schools opening.  Between 1 July 2010 and 1 July 2011, ten new schools opened.  Of the ten schools that opened, two were private schools and eight were state schools.

Of the ten new schools that opened, four were in Auckland region, two in the Waikato region and one in each of the Bay of Plenty, Gisborne, Wellington and Otago regions.

Between 1 July 2010 and 1 July 2011, five schools changed school type.  Of these, one full primary school became a contributing school, two full primary schools became composite schools and two contributing schools became full primary schools.

School Rolls

There were 762,683 students at 1 July 2011, a decrease of 0.2 per cent (1,715 students) from 1 July 2010.
   
pubID-106014-fig1

Rolls by Sector

In the primary sector (Years 1-8), school rolls decreased by 0.2 per cent (1,164 students) to 475,797 students. 

In the secondary sector (Years 9-15), school rolls decreased by 0.2 per cent (551 students) to 286,886 students. 

Rolls by Type of School

Primary and Intermediate school rolls decreased by 0.4 per cent (1,527 students) to 433,524 students in July 2011.

Secondary school rolls decreased by 0.2 per cent (421 students) to 275,524 students in July 2011 (including teen parent units). 

Composite school rolls increased by 0.1 per cent (59 students) to 43,510 students in July 2011. 

Special school rolls increased by 0.1 per cent (4 students) to 2,882 in July 2011. 

The Correspondence School roll increased by 2.4 per cent (170 students) to 7,243 students in July 2011. 

Rolls by Region

Between 1 July 2010 and 1 July 2011, Canterbury region showed the greatest decrease in student numbers, with Waikato and Manawatu-Wanganui regions showing large decreases as well.  Auckland region showed the greatest increase. 

These changes are partly explained by transfer of Christchurch students to the Auckland region after the 22 February 2011 earthquake.

Table 2: Total Number of Students by Region at 1 July: 2008–2011
Region
2008
2009
2010
2011
Change 2010-2011
Number%
Northland29,02628,74028,70728,704
-3-0.01%
Auckland 253,806256,036257,948260,168
2,2200.86%
Waikato 74,02374,18174,35173,676
-675
-0.91%
Bay of Plenty 50,49350,52650,83950,821
-18
-0.04%
Gisborne9,4049,3219,3279,353
26
0.28%
Hawkes Bay 29,78029,67729,49129,431
-60
-0.20%
Taranaki19,45719,55819,54219,475
-67-0.34%
Manawatu-Wanganui40,84840,36540,11239,775
-337-0.84%
Wellington 79,12879,43579,07279,100
28
0.04%
Tasman7,6107,6487,7497,795
46
0.59%
Nelson8,3338,3788,4068,469
63
0.75%
Marlborough6,6146,6246,4516,451
0
0.00%
West Coast4,9784,9524,9634935
-28
-0.56%
Canterbury 90,59691,29792,27788,941
-3,336
-3.62%
Otago30,30830,10230,25030,353
1030.34%
Southland16,29416,23816,15216,280
-128
-0.79%
Chatham Is. County64636568
3
4.62%
Correspondence School5,7756,0767,0737,243
170
2.40%
Not Applicable1,5571,6421,6231,645
22
1.36%
Total758,094760,859764,398762,683
-1,715
-0.22%
Note:
1. 'Not Applicable' equals a school that has multiple campuses across regional boundaries.

Rolls by Gender

In 2011, there were 388,021 male (51 per cent) and 374,662 female (49 per cent) students.  These proportions are unchanged from the previous year.

At the primary level (Years 1-8), the male proportion (51.2 per cent) was higher than the female proportion (48.8 per cent).

At the secondary level (Years 9-15) there is a narrower gap, with the male proportion being 50.4 per cent and the female proportion being 49.6 per cent. 

Male enrolments are slightly higher than females for Years 1–11, but female enrolments are higher than males for Years 12-15.

Table 3: Number and Percentage of Students by Year Level and Gender at 1 July 2010-2011
Funding
Year
Level
2010
2011
Male
Female
Male
Female
Year 1
29,711
51.1%
28,386
48.9%
30,382
50.8%
29,472
49.2%
Year 2 29,785 51.1% 28,465 48.9% 29,545 51.3% 28,058 48.7%
Year 3 29,340 51.3% 27,859 48.7% 29,508 51.0% 28,375 49.0%
Year 4 28,978 50.8% 28,063 49.2% 29,228 51.3% 27,755 48.7%
Year 5 30,074 51.3% 28,542 48.7% 28,988 50.8% 28,124 49.2%
Year 6 30,328 51.2% 28,961 48.8% 29,695 51.3% 28,219 48.7%
Year 7 35,500 52.0% 32,767 48.0% 35,871 51.5% 33,782 48.5%
Year 8 30,950 51.4% 29,252 48.6% 30,352 51.6% 28,443 48.4%
Year 1-8 Total 244,666 51.3% 232,295 48.7% 243,569 51.2% 232,228 48.8%
Year 9 30,476 51.3% 28,957 48.7% 30,684 51.4% 29,029 48.6%
Year 10 31,592 51.6% 29,620 48.4% 30,487 51.2% 29,075 48.8%
Year 11 31,836 50.5% 31,144 49.5% 32,190 51.2% 30,688 48.8%
Year 12 27,616 49.8% 27,866 50.2% 27,713 49.4% 28,394 50.6%
Year 13 21,945 48.4% 23,399 51.6% 22,473 48.1% 24,291 51.9%
Year 14 954 41.1% 1,365 58.9% 578 49.1% 598 50.9%
Year 15 306 45.9% 361 54.1% 327 47.7% 359 52.3%
Year 9-15 Total 144,725 50.4% 142,712 49.6% 144,452 50.4% 142,434 49.6%
Total 389,391 50.9% 375,007 49.1% 388,021 50.9% 374,662 49.1%


Domestic Rolls by Ethnicity

The domestic student count excludes international fee-paying students. 

There were 752,815 domestic students as at 1 July 2011 which is a 0.3 per cent decrease (1,922 students) since July 2010. 

There were 72,335 domestic Asian students. This is a 1.8 per cent increase (1,279 students) since July 2010.  Asian students make up 9.6 per cent of the domestic roll. 

There were 74,848 Pasifika students. This is a 0.5 per cent increase (379 students) since July 2010.  Pasifika students make up 9.9 per cent of the domestic roll. 

There were 171,796 Māori students. This is a 1.0 per cent increase (1,719 students) since July 2010.  Māori students make up 22.8 per cent of the domestic roll. 

There were 415,700 European/Pākehā students.  This is a 1.2 per cent decrease (5,197 students) since July 2010.  European/Pākehā students make 55.2 per cent of the domestic roll.
 

International Fee-Paying Students

International fee-paying student numbers increased by 2.1 per cent (207 students) since July 2010 from 9,661 to 9,868 students.  International fee-paying students represent 1.3 per cent of the total school population.

Canterbury region had the largest decrease in international fee-paying student numbers.  This is partly due to Christchurch area students who transferred after the 22 February 2011 earthquake, with the majority transfering to Auckland and Otago regions.

Table 4: International Fee-Paying Students at 1 July 2008-2011
Region 2008200920102011
Change
2010-11
% Change
2010-11
Proportion
2011
Northland109102109128
19
17.43%1.30%
Auckland 4,8354,7064,8495,150
301
6.21%52.19%
Waikato 608535561523
-38
-6.77%5.30%
Bay of Plenty 447492489506
17
3.48%5.13%
Gisborne27242022
2
10.00%0.22%
Hawkes Bay 182160164208
44
26.83%2.11%
Taranaki78668073
-7
-8.75%0.74%
Manawatu-Wanganui304341322286
-36-11.18%2.90%
Wellington 581595578627
49
8.48%6.35%
Tasman53647862
-16
-20.51%0.63%
Nelson167186208213
5
2.40%2.16%
Marlborough43383030
0
0.00%0.30%
West Coast13161012
2
20.00%0.12%
Canterbury 1,8241,6721,6491,380
-269-16.31%13.98%
Otago492488456574
118
25.88%5.82%
Southland52445874
16
27.59%0.75%
Total9,8159,5299,6619,868
207
102.14%100.00%


Māori-medium Education

Māori-medium education programmes (Levels 1-2) involve students being taught either all or some curriculum subjects in the Māori language for at least 51 per cent of the time.  This can occur in an immersion or bilingual setting. 

Students

The total number of students involved in Māori-medium education (Levels 1-2) increased by 2.2 per cent (361 students) between July 2010 and July 2011 from 16,325 to 16,686 students.

The number of Māori involved in Māori-medium education (Levels 1-2) decreased by 0.1 per cent (12 students) to 15,905 since July 2010.

At the primary level (Years 1-8), enrolments have increased by 2.1 per cent (286 students). At the secondary level (Years 9-15), enrolments increased by 3.0 per cent (75 students).

Table 5: Total number of students involved in Māori-medium Education by Highest Level of Learning
at July 2010-2011
% of Curriculum
instruction under-
taken in Māori
All Students
Māori
20102011Difference 2010-2011
20102011
Difference 2010-2011
 Number%Number
 %
Level 1: 81-100%11,73811,913
175
1.49%11,56511,478
-87
-0.75%
Level 2: 51-80%4,5874,773
186
4.05%4,3524,427
75
1.72%
Level 3: 31-50%4,9044,807
-97
-1.98%4,3724,308
-64
-1.46%
Level 4(a): 12 -30%6,3035,640
-663
-10.52%4,5164,261
-255
-5.65%
Total
27,53227,133
-399
-1.45%24,80524,474
-331
-1.33%
Note:
1. Students are counted at their highest level of Māori-medium education
.

Schools

Māori immersion schools are schools where all students are recorded at Māori-medium education Level 1 (81-100 per cent of class time in Māori).  Enrolments at Māori immersion schools decreased by 0.4 per cent (27 students) since July 2010.  However, Level 1 enrolments over all schools, including schools with immersion units, increased by 1.5 per cent (174 students) since July 2010.

Te Reo Māori as a Separate Subject

In July 2011, there were 20,131 students learning Te Reo Māori as a separate subject for three or more hours per week, an increase of 0.6 per cent (121 students).  This compares with a 5.3 per cent (1,118 students) decrease in the previous year. 

There were 13,187 Māori students learning Te Reo Māori as a separate subject for three or more hours per week.  This is a decrease of 129 Māori students (1.0 per cent) since July 2010.
 

Pasifika-medium Education

Pasifika-medium education is where a Pasifika language is the medium of instruction for more than three hours per week.

Pasifika-medium Education Rolls

A total of 29 schools offered Pasifika-medium education in 2011.  Of these, there were 22 primary schools, six secondary schools and one composite school.  This was two fewer than in July 2010. 

There were 2,312 students involved in Pasifika-medium education in 2011.  This is an increase of 377 students (19.5 per cent) since July 2010. 

Pasifika Languages as a Secondary Subject

There were 3,091 enrolments in a Pasifika language at the secondary level.  This is an increase of 205 enrolments (7.1 per cent) since July 2010. 

Samoan was the most studied Pasifika language, with 70.6 per cent of all enrolments in a Pasifika language. 

Secondary School Subjects

Information was collected on the number of students studying subjects for more than 20 hours per year, at any time during the whole academic year, and the academic level at which the subject is being studied.

Languages

Females make up 52.0 per cent of enrolments across all language subjects. 

Females outnumber males in most languages, with exceptions being Latin (59.9 per cent males) and Tokelauan (53.2 per cent males). 

Females also outnumber males in Te Reo Māori, with 54.3 per cent of enrolments. 

Males outnumber females in Communication Skills (51.9 per cent) and Pasifika Language studies (70.8 per cent) of enrolments. 

Mathematics

Males make up 51.5 per cent of enrolments across all maths subjects. 

Males outnumber females in most Mathematics subject areas: Accounting (53.4 per cent), General Maths (51.0 per cent) and dominating in Calculus (62.2 per cent) and Remedial Maths (58.3 per cent) of enrolments.  For Maths with Statistics, a slightly higher proportion of females (50.2 per cent) are enrolled.

Science

Males make up 50.8 per cent of enrolments across all science subjects. 

Male enrolments dominate in Agriculture / Horticulture (70.1 per cent) and Physics (64.9 per cent). 

Females outnumber males in Chemistry (51.8 per cent) and dominate in Biology area subjects (64.0 per cent). 

Technology

Males make up 56.1 per cent of enrolments across all Technology subjects. 

The Technology subjects with the most enrolments are Technology, Food Technology and Graphics.  Females dominate in Food Technology with 58.5 per cent of enrolments.  Whereas Technology and Graphics are both dominated by males, with 61.0 per cent and 63.9 per cent of enrolments respectively. 

Visual and Performing Arts

Females make up 58.0 per cent of enrolments across all Visual and Performing Arts subjects. 

Social Sciences

Females make up 52.0 per cent of enrolments across all Social Sciences subjects. 

Males outnumber female enrolments in Economics (57.4 per cent) and Social Studies (50.1 per cent).  However females outnumber males in all other Social Science subjects.
 

Private School Rolls

In July 2011, there were 28,928 students attending private schools. A decrease of 669 students (2.3 per cent) since July 2010 continues a downward trend. 

The proportion of the school population attending private schools at 1 July 2011 was 3.8 per cent.  This is slightly lower than last year’s proportion of 3.9 per cent. 

There were 1,371 international fee-paying students attending private schools.  This is an increase of 71 students (5.5 per cent) since July 2010. 

The proportion of the private school population comprised of international fee-paying students was 4.7 per cent at 1 July 2011.  This is slightly higher than last year’s proportion of 4.4 per cent. 

Effects of the Christchurch Earthquake

The Christchurch area is defined as three Territorial Authorities: Christchurch City, Selwyn District and Waimakariri District. 

Canterbury region includes the Christchurch area plus other Territorial Authorities that fall within jurisdiction of the Canterbury Regional Council.

1 July 2011 roll data

Only one of the 215 schools located in the Christchurch area was not able to submit 1 July 2011 roll data.  Due to earthquake damage, this health camp school transferred all their students to other schools and therefore had no current students to report on. Other schools that sustained earthquake damage continued to operate with students, although they might have transferred classrooms to another location.

Canterbury region had previously an increasing trend in total number of students.  Since 1 July 2010, the region saw a decrease of 3,336 students (3.6 per cent).

As of 1 July 2011, Canterbury region accounted for 11.7 per cent of the total number of students in New Zealand.  This is a 0.4 percentage point decrease from the previous year.

Although the number of international fee-paying students has been decreasing in Canterbury region over the years, the decrease of 269 students (16.3 per cent) since 1 July 2010 was larger than in previous years.

Canterbury region accounted for 14.0 per cent of all international fee-paying students in New Zealand as at 1 July 2011.  This is a 3.1 percentage point decrease since 1 July 2010.

Christchurch Area Students

There were 74,265 students enrolled at a Christchurch area school as at 22 February 2011, the day of the earthquake.  The following points are based on movements of these particular students in the period up to 1 July 2011.

Tracking of students via the ENROL system shows that 11,077 students (14.9 per cent) had transferred to another school after the earthquake.
 
Of these 11,077 transfer students, 6,399 students (57.8 per cent) had returned to their original school, 4,496 students (40.6 per cent) were still enrolled at the transfer school and 182 students (1.6 per cent) were no longer enrolled in school as at 1 July 2011.

Of these 11,077 transfer students, 8,458 students (76.4 per cent) transferred to a school outside of the Christchurch area, with the largest number of students transferring to Auckland and Otago regions.  As at 1 July 2011, there were 2,633 students still enrolled at a school outside the Christchurch area.

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