School Roll Summary Report: July 2011
This report summarises the results from the 1 July 2011 annual statistical return from schools. It includes information on the number of schools, school rolls and number of international fee-paying students, as well as number of students involved in Māori-medium education, Pasifika-medium education and secondary school subject choices. We have added a section regarding school roll effects of the 22 February 2011 earthquake in Christchurch.
Author(s): Indicators & Reporting Unit, Ministry of Education
Date Published: October 2011
Number of SchoolsAt 1 July 2011, the number of state and private schools in New Zealand was 2,548. This is 11 fewer than in July 2010. In addition, there were 20 teen parent units.
|Type of School||2006||2007||2008||2009||2010||2011||Change|
1. Includes Health Camps and Hospital schools.
2. Excludes teen parent units and kura teina. Kura teina no longer exist in 2011.
Between 1 July 2010 and 1 July 2011, a total of 21 schools closed. Fourteen were state schools and seven were private schools. Of these, 11 were primary schools, two special schools, four secondary schools and four composite schools.
Of the 21 schools that closed, eight were in the Auckland region, two in the Waikato region, three in the Gisborne region, five in the Otago region and one in each of the Bay of Plenty, Hawkes Bay and Manawatu-Wanganui regions.
Despite a declining number of schools, there are still new schools opening. Between 1 July 2010 and 1 July 2011, ten new schools opened. Of the ten schools that opened, two were private schools and eight were state schools.
Of the ten new schools that opened, four were in Auckland region, two in the Waikato region and one in each of the Bay of Plenty, Gisborne, Wellington and Otago regions.
Between 1 July 2010 and 1 July 2011, five schools changed school type. Of these, one full primary school became a contributing school, two full primary schools became composite schools and two contributing schools became full primary schools.
There were 762,683 students at 1 July 2011, a decrease of 0.2 per cent (1,715 students) from 1 July 2010.
Rolls by Sector
In the primary sector (Years 1-8), school rolls decreased by 0.2 per cent (1,164 students) to 475,797 students.
In the secondary sector (Years 9-15), school rolls decreased by 0.2 per cent (551 students) to 286,886 students.
Rolls by Type of School
Primary and Intermediate school rolls decreased by 0.4 per cent (1,527 students) to 433,524 students in July 2011.
Secondary school rolls decreased by 0.2 per cent (421 students) to 275,524 students in July 2011 (including teen parent units).
Composite school rolls increased by 0.1 per cent (59 students) to 43,510 students in July 2011.
Special school rolls increased by 0.1 per cent (4 students) to 2,882 in July 2011.
The Correspondence School roll increased by 2.4 per cent (170 students) to 7,243 students in July 2011.
Rolls by Region
Between 1 July 2010 and 1 July 2011, Canterbury region showed the greatest decrease in student numbers, with Waikato and Manawatu-Wanganui regions showing large decreases as well. Auckland region showed the greatest increase.
These changes are partly explained by transfer of Christchurch students to the Auckland region after the 22 February 2011 earthquake.
|Bay of Plenty||50,493||50,526||50,839||50,821||-18||-0.04%|
|Chatham Is. County||64||63||65||68||3||4.62%|
1. 'Not Applicable' equals a school that has multiple campuses across regional boundaries.
Rolls by Gender
In 2011, there were 388,021 male (51 per cent) and 374,662 female (49 per cent) students. These proportions are unchanged from the previous year.
At the primary level (Years 1-8), the male proportion (51.2 per cent) was higher than the female proportion (48.8 per cent).
At the secondary level (Years 9-15) there is a narrower gap, with the male proportion being 50.4 per cent and the female proportion being 49.6 per cent.
Male enrolments are slightly higher than females for Years 1–11, but female enrolments are higher than males for Years 12-15.
|Year 1-8 Total||244,666||51.3%||232,295||48.7%||243,569||51.2%||232,228||48.8%|
|Year 9-15 Total||144,725||50.4%||142,712||49.6%||144,452||50.4%||142,434||49.6%|
Domestic Rolls by Ethnicity
The domestic student count excludes international fee-paying students.
There were 752,815 domestic students as at 1 July 2011 which is a 0.3 per cent decrease (1,922 students) since July 2010.
There were 72,335 domestic Asian students. This is a 1.8 per cent increase (1,279 students) since July 2010. Asian students make up 9.6 per cent of the domestic roll.
There were 74,848 Pasifika students. This is a 0.5 per cent increase (379 students) since July 2010. Pasifika students make up 9.9 per cent of the domestic roll.
There were 171,796 Māori students. This is a 1.0 per cent increase (1,719 students) since July 2010. Māori students make up 22.8 per cent of the domestic roll.
There were 415,700 European/Pākehā students. This is a 1.2 per cent decrease (5,197 students) since July 2010. European/Pākehā students make 55.2 per cent of the domestic roll.
International Fee-Paying Students
International fee-paying student numbers increased by 2.1 per cent (207 students) since July 2010 from 9,661 to 9,868 students. International fee-paying students represent 1.3 per cent of the total school population.
Canterbury region had the largest decrease in international fee-paying student numbers. This is partly due to Christchurch area students who transferred after the 22 February 2011 earthquake, with the majority transfering to Auckland and Otago regions.
|% Change |
|Bay of Plenty||447||492||489||506||17||3.48%||5.13%|
Māori-medium education programmes (Levels 1-2) involve students being taught either all or some curriculum subjects in the Māori language for at least 51 per cent of the time. This can occur in an immersion or bilingual setting.
The total number of students involved in Māori-medium education (Levels 1-2) increased by 2.2 per cent (361 students) between July 2010 and July 2011 from 16,325 to 16,686 students.
The number of Māori involved in Māori-medium education (Levels 1-2) decreased by 0.1 per cent (12 students) to 15,905 since July 2010.
At the primary level (Years 1-8), enrolments have increased by 2.1 per cent (286 students). At the secondary level (Years 9-15), enrolments increased by 3.0 per cent (75 students).
|% of Curriculum |
taken in Māori
|All Students||Māori |
|2010||2011||Difference 2010-2011||2010||2011 ||Difference 2010-2011|
|Level 1: 81-100%||11,738||11,913||175||1.49%||11,565||11,478||-87||-0.75%|
|Level 2: 51-80%||4,587||4,773||186||4.05%||4,352||4,427||75||1.72%|
|Level 3: 31-50%||4,904||4,807||-97||-1.98%||4,372||4,308||-64||-1.46%|
|Level 4(a): 12 -30%||6,303||5,640||-663||-10.52%||4,516||4,261||-255||-5.65%|
1. Students are counted at their highest level of Māori-medium education.
Māori immersion schools are schools where all students are recorded at Māori-medium education Level 1 (81-100 per cent of class time in Māori). Enrolments at Māori immersion schools decreased by 0.4 per cent (27 students) since July 2010. However, Level 1 enrolments over all schools, including schools with immersion units, increased by 1.5 per cent (174 students) since July 2010.
Te Reo Māori as a Separate Subject
In July 2011, there were 20,131 students learning Te Reo Māori as a separate subject for three or more hours per week, an increase of 0.6 per cent (121 students). This compares with a 5.3 per cent (1,118 students) decrease in the previous year.
There were 13,187 Māori students learning Te Reo Māori as a separate subject for three or more hours per week. This is a decrease of 129 Māori students (1.0 per cent) since July 2010.
Pasifika-medium education is where a Pasifika language is the medium of instruction for more than three hours per week.
Pasifika-medium Education Rolls
A total of 29 schools offered Pasifika-medium education in 2011. Of these, there were 22 primary schools, six secondary schools and one composite school. This was two fewer than in July 2010.
There were 2,312 students involved in Pasifika-medium education in 2011. This is an increase of 377 students (19.5 per cent) since July 2010.
Pasifika Languages as a Secondary Subject
There were 3,091 enrolments in a Pasifika language at the secondary level. This is an increase of 205 enrolments (7.1 per cent) since July 2010.
Samoan was the most studied Pasifika language, with 70.6 per cent of all enrolments in a Pasifika language.
Secondary School Subjects
Information was collected on the number of students studying subjects for more than 20 hours per year, at any time during the whole academic year, and the academic level at which the subject is being studied.
Females make up 52.0 per cent of enrolments across all language subjects.
Females outnumber males in most languages, with exceptions being Latin (59.9 per cent males) and Tokelauan (53.2 per cent males).
Females also outnumber males in Te Reo Māori, with 54.3 per cent of enrolments.
Males outnumber females in Communication Skills (51.9 per cent) and Pasifika Language studies (70.8 per cent) of enrolments.
Males make up 51.5 per cent of enrolments across all maths subjects.
Males outnumber females in most Mathematics subject areas: Accounting (53.4 per cent), General Maths (51.0 per cent) and dominating in Calculus (62.2 per cent) and Remedial Maths (58.3 per cent) of enrolments. For Maths with Statistics, a slightly higher proportion of females (50.2 per cent) are enrolled.
Males make up 50.8 per cent of enrolments across all science subjects.
Male enrolments dominate in Agriculture / Horticulture (70.1 per cent) and Physics (64.9 per cent).
Females outnumber males in Chemistry (51.8 per cent) and dominate in Biology area subjects (64.0 per cent).
Males make up 56.1 per cent of enrolments across all Technology subjects.
The Technology subjects with the most enrolments are Technology, Food Technology and Graphics. Females dominate in Food Technology with 58.5 per cent of enrolments. Whereas Technology and Graphics are both dominated by males, with 61.0 per cent and 63.9 per cent of enrolments respectively.
Visual and Performing Arts
Females make up 58.0 per cent of enrolments across all Visual and Performing Arts subjects.
Females make up 52.0 per cent of enrolments across all Social Sciences subjects.
Males outnumber female enrolments in Economics (57.4 per cent) and Social Studies (50.1 per cent). However females outnumber males in all other Social Science subjects.
Private School Rolls
In July 2011, there were 28,928 students attending private schools. A decrease of 669 students (2.3 per cent) since July 2010 continues a downward trend.
The proportion of the school population attending private schools at 1 July 2011 was 3.8 per cent. This is slightly lower than last year’s proportion of 3.9 per cent.
There were 1,371 international fee-paying students attending private schools. This is an increase of 71 students (5.5 per cent) since July 2010.
The proportion of the private school population comprised of international fee-paying students was 4.7 per cent at 1 July 2011. This is slightly higher than last year’s proportion of 4.4 per cent.
Effects of the Christchurch Earthquake
The Christchurch area is defined as three Territorial Authorities: Christchurch City, Selwyn District and Waimakariri District.
Canterbury region includes the Christchurch area plus other Territorial Authorities that fall within jurisdiction of the Canterbury Regional Council.
1 July 2011 roll data
Only one of the 215 schools located in the Christchurch area was not able to submit 1 July 2011 roll data. Due to earthquake damage, this health camp school transferred all their students to other schools and therefore had no current students to report on. Other schools that sustained earthquake damage continued to operate with students, although they might have transferred classrooms to another location.
Canterbury region had previously an increasing trend in total number of students. Since 1 July 2010, the region saw a decrease of 3,336 students (3.6 per cent).
As of 1 July 2011, Canterbury region accounted for 11.7 per cent of the total number of students in New Zealand. This is a 0.4 percentage point decrease from the previous year.
Although the number of international fee-paying students has been decreasing in Canterbury region over the years, the decrease of 269 students (16.3 per cent) since 1 July 2010 was larger than in previous years.
Canterbury region accounted for 14.0 per cent of all international fee-paying students in New Zealand as at 1 July 2011. This is a 3.1 percentage point decrease since 1 July 2010.
Christchurch Area Students
There were 74,265 students enrolled at a Christchurch area school as at 22 February 2011, the day of the earthquake. The following points are based on movements of these particular students in the period up to 1 July 2011.
Tracking of students via the ENROL system shows that 11,077 students (14.9 per cent) had transferred to another school after the earthquake.
Of these 11,077 transfer students, 6,399 students (57.8 per cent) had returned to their original school, 4,496 students (40.6 per cent) were still enrolled at the transfer school and 182 students (1.6 per cent) were no longer enrolled in school as at 1 July 2011.
Of these 11,077 transfer students, 8,458 students (76.4 per cent) transferred to a school outside of the Christchurch area, with the largest number of students transferring to Auckland and Otago regions. As at 1 July 2011, there were 2,633 students still enrolled at a school outside the Christchurch area.
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