Literacy and Life Skills for Māori Adults - Further Investigation: Results from the Adult Literacy and Life Skills (ALL) Survey
This report, which complements Literacy and Life Skills for Maori Adults, investigates the extent to which the distribution of literacy among Maori adults is associated with a range of potential explanatory factors.
Author(s): Paul Satherley and Elliot Lawes, Research Division, Ministry of Education.
Date Published: August 2009
This appendix sets out graphs similar to those of Literacy and Life Skills for Māori Adults that illustrate a range of single factor relationships between document literacy and age, gender, labour force status, educational participation, income and income source. Levels 3, 4 and 5 are grouped together to allow statistically robust estimates.
Figure 2.1: Document literacy by age for Māori adults, ALL
Māori adults aged 25-44 have on average higher document literacy skills than those either younger or older.
Figure 2.2: Document literacy by gender for Māori adults, ALL
On average, Māori women have slightly higher document literacy skills than Māori men.
Figure 2.3: Document literacy by labour force status for Māori adults, ALL
On average, employed Māori adults have higher skills than those of other labour force statuses.
Figure 2.4: Document literacy by educational participation for Māori adults, ALL
The document literacy skills of Māori adults are very strongly associated with higher levels of educational participation.
Figure 2.5: Document literacy by income quintile for Māori adults, ALL
Māori adults whose income is in the highest 20 percent of Māori incomes have substantially greater document literacy skills.
Figure 2.6: Document literacy by income source for Māori adults
Māori adults whose income is solely from wages or salaries – as opposed to benefits only or a mix of wages and benefits – have higher document literacy skills on average.