Publications

Literacy and Life Skills for Māori Adults - Further Investigation: Results from the Adult Literacy and Life Skills (ALL) Survey

Publication Details

This report, which complements Literacy and Life Skills for Maori Adults, investigates the extent to which the distribution of literacy among Maori adults is associated with a range of potential explanatory factors.

Author(s): Paul Satherley and Elliot Lawes, Research Division, Ministry of Education.

Date Published: August 2009


Please consider the environment before printing the contents of this report. This report is available as a download (please refer to the 'Downloads/Links' inset box, top right).
Please consider the environment before printing the contents of this report.

Appendix 1

Appendix Table 1: Standardised regression coefficients for document literacy model, ALL only
Variable Stage 1
est*
Stage 1
se 
Stage 2
est*
Stage 2 se Stage 3
est*
Stage 3
se 
Time in formal education
(years)
****0.3530.032
Income
(log income in 000s)
**0.1180.0370.0460.035
Age

0.0720.0490.0290.0510.0220.048
Age squared
(centred at 36.1 years)
-0.1730.041-0.1250.043-0.0830.042
Interaction between age and benefits

-0.1740.042-0.1420.043-0.1160.041
Wages
(0=no wage, 1=wage earner)
0.1260.0500.1030.0500.0510.045
Other income source (0=income source “standard”, 1=income not wages or benefits)0.0840.0320.0720.0290.0520.026
Employment
(0=not employed, 1=employed)
0.0960.0580.0740.0600.0510.053
Gender
(0 = female, 1 = male)
-0.0710.038-0.1080.040-0.0620.037
Student status
(0 = not student, 1 = student)
0.1340.0370.1430.0390.0670.038
Notes:
  1. Figures in bold are estimates significant at the 5 percent level.
  2. Stage 1 of the model excluded time spent in formal education and income, stage 2 included income but excluded time spent in formal education, and stage 3 included both time spent in formal education and income. This is indicated by asterisks in the appropriate cells.
  3. se means standard error.
  4. est*=estimate.


The stage 1 model accounted for approximately 10 percent of the variance in document literacy scores, the stage 2 model approximately 11 % and the stage 3 model approximately 21 percent.


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