Participation in early childhood education

Table 1: Prior participation in ECE of children starting school by ethnic group, 2000-2013
Note:
  1. Students who identify with more than one ethnic group have been counted in each group they identified with, The figure in the 'Total' column will therefore generally be less than the sum of the students in each group.
Year Ended Ethnic Group
European/Pākehā Māori Pasifika Asian Other Ethnic Groups Total
June 2000 94.2 83.1 75.8 89.2 82.2 90.0
June 2001 94.9 83.6 76.0 89.8 83.3 90.3
June 2002 95.5 84.8 79.1 92.1 85.7 91.2
June 2003 96.2 86.7 83.1 92.4 88.0 92.5
June 2004 96.4 87.5 84.4 94.1 88.5 93.0
June 2005 96.5 88.1 84.2 95.1 89.1 93.2
June 2006 96.9 88.1 83.8 96.0 90.8 93.4
June 2007 97.0 88.8 83.6 96.0 92.7 93.6
June 2008 97.2 88.7 84.4 95.3 92.9 93.6
June 2009 97.3 89.6 85.1 95.6 93.9 94.0
June 2010 97.6 89.3 85.9 96.2 95.5 94.4
June 2011 97.8 90.0 86.1 95.9 95.3 94.6
June 2012 98.0 90.9 86.7 95.9 95.6 95.0
June 2013 98.2 92.3 88.6 97.0 94.9 95.6

Table 2: Number of enrolments in licensed ECE services as a percentage of population, by age, 2000-2013

Note:

  1. Enrolment rates over estimate participation in ECE because of double- or triple- counting of those children who attend more than one early childhood education service.  The 0-4yrs age-weighted enrolment rate is one where each year of age's contribution to the overall 0-4yrs rate is weighted by its share of the total 0-4yrs population in 2013.
Year (June) Enrolment rates by year of age
Under 1 year 1 year 2 years 3 years 4 years 5 years 0-4yr (wtd.)
2000 10% 29% 48% 85% 96% 3% 54%
2001 10% 30% 49% 84% 95% 3% 54%
2002 11% 31% 51% 85% 95% 3% 55%
2003 11% 33% 52% 86% 97% 3% 56%
2004 11% 34% 54% 86% 98% 3% 57%
2005 11% 35% 55% 88% 97% 3% 58%
2006 11% 36% 56% 89% 98% 3% 58%
2007 13% 37% 57% 90% 98% 3% 59%
2008 12% 38% 57% 93% 99% 2% 60%
2009 13% 37% 57% 92% 100% 3% 60%
2010 14% 39% 58% 93% 100% 3% 61%
2011 14% 40% 59% 92% 100% 3% 62%
2012 14% 40% 60% 94% 100% 4% 62%
2013 15% 44% 65% 96% 100% 4% 65%

Table 3: Population, enrolments and enrolment rates for 3 year-olds, 2000-2013
Year (June) 3 year-olds
Number of enrolments Total population Population not enrolled Enrolment Rate
2000 48,041 56,670 8,629 85%
2001 47,749 57,100 9,351 84%
2002 47,405 55,580 8,175 85%
2003 49,724 57,840 8,116 86%
2004 49,166 57,300 8,134 86%
2005 49,037 55,580 6,543 88%
2006 49,767 56,110 6,343 89%
2007 51,918 57,870 5,952 90%
2008 53,298 57,500 4,202 93%
2009 54,541 59,090 4,549 92%
2010 57,729 61,820 4,091 93%
2011 58,906 63,840 4,934 92%
2012 58,914 62,580 3,666 94%
2013 60,563 63,090 2,527 96%

Table 4: Number of enrolments by service type, 2000-2013
Year (June) Service Type
Education & Care Kindergarten Home-based Playcentre Te Kōhanga Reo Correspondence School Total
2000 71,231 45,869 8,937 15,808 11,138 984 153,967
2001 73,192 45,439 8,546 14,786 9,594 947 152,504
2002 76,246 45,169 8,591 14,879 10,389 913 156,187
2003 78,967 45,109 9,587 15,200 10,319 991 160,173
2004 81,096 45,287 9,922 15,440 10,418 922 163,085
2005 83,889 44,920 9,770 15,059 10,070 813 164,521
2006 86,059 44,435 9,802 14,888 9,493 577 165,254
2007 91,733 43,695 11,073 14,664 9,236 737 171,138
2008 97,756 41,487 13,065 14,929 9,165 591 176,993
2009 101,424 39,346 15,054 15,171 9,288 627 180,910
2010 109,204 37,600 17,084 15,049 9,370 617 188,924
2011 113,876 36,967 17,955 15,112 9,631 560 194,101
2012 117,733 36,208 18,412 14,297 9,366 519 196,535
2013 123,755 35,012 18,820 13,568 9,179 588 200,922

Table 5: Percentage of enrolments in each Service type, by year of age ( June 2013)
Service Type Age
Under 1 1 2 3 4 5
Education & Care 48% 66% 69% 62% 57% 45%
Kindergarten 0% 1% 5% 22% 31% 19%
Home-based 19% 16% 12% 7% 5% 25%
Playcentre 26% 11% 8% 5% 3% 3%
Te Kōhanga Reo 6% 6% 6% 4% 4% 6%
Correspondence School 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 3%

Table 6: The percentage of enrolments in each service type, by ethnic group (June 2013)
Service Type Ethnic Group
European/ Pākehā Māori Pasifika Asian
Education & Care 63% 51% 72% 72%
Kindergarten 18% 17% 19% 18%
Home-based 10% 8% 5% 7%
Playcentre 9% 4% 2% 3%
Te Kōhanga Reo 0% 20% 1% 0%

Table 7: Enrolments of 3-4 year-olds in early childhood or primary education by OECD country, 2011
Note:
  1. Source: OECD, Education at a Glance 2013 (Table C1.1a).OECD figures relate to centre-based participation only, so New Zealand figures will be lower than nationally published participation figures as home-based services are not included.
OECD country Percent enrolled 
Turkey 11.6
Switzerland 22.1
Canada 24.1
Greece 27.2
Australia 40.0
Finland 53.1
Poland 56.8
Chile 59.3
United States 63.8
Slovak Republic 66.5
Czech Republic 72.0
Mexico 72.4
OECD average 74.9
Austria 76.1
Portugal 81.6
Korea 82.4
Luxembourg 83.4
Hungary 83.6
Japan 84.7
Ireland 84.7
Slovenia 85.8
Estonia 88.1
Israel 89.9
New Zealand 90.0
United Kingdom 91.4
Germany 92.7
Sweden 93.0
Netherlands 93.2
Denmark 94.1
Italy 94.3
Norway 96.1
Iceland 96.1
Belgium 98.6
Spain 98.7
France 98.7

Table 8: Average hours spent per week in ECE, per enrolment by age group, 2000-2013.
Year Age group
2 years and under 3 years and over Total (0-5 years)
2000 14.4 13.1 13.5
2001 15.3 13.8 14.3
2002 16.1 14.4 15.0
2003 16.5 14.8 15.4
2004 17.4 15.5 16.1
2005 18.1 16.0 16.7
2006 18.3 16.4 17.1
2007 19.0 17.0 17.7
2008 19.7 18.6 19.0
2009 20.0 19.4 19.6
2010 20.3 20.1 20.2
2011 20.5 20.5 20.5
2012 20.9 21.1 21.1
2013 21.4 21.9 21.7

Table 9: Average number of hours spent per week in ECE, per enrolment by year of age and service type between 2000 and 2013
Year Service Type Year of Age
Under 1 Year 1 Year 2 Years 3 Years 4 Years 5 Years
2000 Education & Care 20.8 18.3 15.3 15.1 17.2 14.9
Home-based 19.3 18.1 16.7 16.1 14.8 9.5
Kindergarten 3.2 3.2 7.1 8.3 13.1 11.8
Playcentre 4.1 4.0 4.4 5.4 6.3 5.9
2013 Education & Care 26.1 25.4 23.2 24.3 26.0 25.4
Home-based 25.0 24.2 22.9 22.6 21.5 16.2
Kindergarten 15.3 15.6 12.1 13.7 19.3 16.9
Playcentre 3.7 4.2 4.6 5.1 5.6 5.7